The One Health Approach to Toxoplasmosis: Epidemiology, Control, and Prevention Strategies
| Contributor(s):: A. Alonso Aguirre, Travis Longcore, Michelle Barbieri, Haydee Dabritz, Dolores Hill, Patrice N. Klein, Christopher Lepczyk, Emily L. Lilly, Rima McLeod, Judith Milcarsky, Caroline E. Murphy, Chunlei Su, Elizabeth VanWormer, Robert Yolken, Grant C. Sizemore
One Health is a collaborative, interdisciplinary effort that seeks optimal health for people, animals, plants, and the environment. Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is an intracellular protozoan infection distributed worldwide, with a heteroxenous life cycle that practically affects...
Raising Animals Without Antibiotics: U.S. Producer and Veterinarian Experiences and Opinions
| Contributor(s):: Randall S. Singer, Leah J. Porter, Daniel U. Thomson, Mallory Gage, Amanda Beaudoin, Jennifer K. Wishnie
Ensuring the safety, health, and overall well-being of animals raised for food is both an ethical obligation and a critical component of providing safe food products. The use of antibiotics for maintaining animal health has come under scrutiny in recent years due to the rise of antibiotic...
I Am a Compassionate Conservation Welfare Scientist: Considering the Theoretical and Practical Differences Between Compassionate Conservation and Conservation Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Ngaio J. Beausoleil
Compassionate Conservation and Conservation Welfare are two disciplines whose practitioners advocate consideration of individual wild animals within conservation practice and policy. However, they are not, as is sometimes suggested, the same. Compassionate Conservation and Conservation Welfare...
Evidence of Pain, Stress, and Fear of Humans During Tail Docking and the Next Four Weeks in Piglets (Sus scrofa domesticus)
| Contributor(s):: Céline Tallet, Marine Rakotomahandry, Sabine Herlemont, Armelle Prunier
Tail docking is widely performed in pig farms to prevent tail biting. We investigated the consequences of this practice on behavioral indicators of pain and stress, and on the human-piglet relationship during lactation.Within 19 litters, piglets (1–3 days of age) were submitted on day 0...
Uncontrolled Outdoor Access for Cats: An Assessment of Risks and Benefits
| Contributor(s):: Sarah M.L. Tan, Anastasia C. Stellato, Lee Niel
Uncontrolled outdoor access is associated with a number of welfare concerns for companion cats, including increased risks of disease and parasites, injury or death due to traffic, predation or ingestion of toxic substances, and getting permanently separated from their owner. In addition, cats...
Making the Case: Adding a Social Work Perspective to a Case Study in a Veterinary Practice
| Contributor(s):: Paula Gerstenblatt, Diane Rhodes, Dorothea Ivey
This article describes a case study exploration of a veterinary practice from the perspective of social work. Recognizing the stressful work of veterinary providers, including compassion fatigue and high suicide rates, the current study identified both a need for and the potential role of...
Effect of Age, Breed, and Sex on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Owner Assessed Healthy Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Susan Rodger, E Marian Scott, Andrea Nolan, Andrea K Wright, Jacqueline Reid
Using an app, this exploratory study generated information on HRQL in a large cohort of dogs deemed healthy according to the owner. It forms the basis for further studies investigating the natural history of HRQL of dogs to inform the interpretation of interventional studies, but highlights the...
Welfare-Adjusted Life Years (WALY): A novel metric of animal welfare that combines the impacts of impaired welfare and abbreviated lifespan
| Contributor(s):: Kendy Tzu-Yun Teng, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Charline Maertens De Noordhout, Peter Bennett, Paul D. McGreevy, Po-Yu Chiu, Jenny-Ann L. M. L. Toribio, Navneet K. Dhand
Currently, separate measures are used to estimate the impact of animal diseases on mortality and animal welfare. This article introduces a novel metric, the Welfare-Adjusted Life Year (WALY), to estimate disease impact by combining welfare compromise and premature death components. Adapting the...
Discipline-Based Education Research for Animal Welfare Science
| Contributor(s):: Jill R. D. MacKay
Animal welfare science features interdisciplinary and collaborative working across fields, spanning behavioural ecology, psychology, veterinary sciences, economics, and fundamental biology. However, education research is not yet prevalent within the animal welfare literature. In a Web of...
Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions: A One Health-One Welfare Systemic Approach to Studying HAI
| Contributor(s):: Leconstant, C., Spitz, E.
The Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions (IMHAI) described herewith provides a conceptual framework for the study of interspecies interactions and aims to model the primary emotional processes involved in human-animal interactions. This model was developed from theoretical inputs from...
Health Status of 'Community Cats' Living in the Tourist Area of the Old Town in Onomichi City, Japan
| Contributor(s):: Seo, Aira, Ueda, Yoshihide, Tanida, Hajime
To pet or to enrich? Increasing dogs' welfare in veterinary clinics/shelters: a pilot study
| Contributor(s):: Lopes, J. V. S. R., Daud, N. M., Young, R. J., Azevedo, C. S. de
Health comparison between guinea pigs raised in uncontrolled and controlled environments
| Contributor(s):: Laksmindra, Fitria, Nastiti, Wijayanti, Tuty, Arisuryanti, Salasia, S. I. O.
Human-cat emotional closeness and unacceptable behavior in cats: a Brazilian perspective
| Contributor(s):: Franck, K. R., Paz, J. E. G., Costa, E. de F., Costa, F. V. A. da
Visitors’ Self-Reported Knowledge and Attitudes about an Animal-Free Exhibit on Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Erasmus, Marisa, Rollins, Jeffrey
Address the end of life of the animal in the presence of the children of the familyApproccio al fine vita dell'animale in presenza di bambini
| Contributor(s):: Caux, A., Dattee, V.
"The Cone of Shame": Welfare Implications of Elizabethan Collar Use on Dogs and Cats as Reported by their Owners
| Contributor(s):: Yustina Shenoda, Michael P. Ward, Dorothy McKeegan, Anne Fawcett
Elizabethan collars are used in companion animals primarily to prevent self-trauma and associated negative welfare states in animals. However, they have been anecdotally associated with negative impacts on animal health and welfare including distress, abraded/ulcerated skin and misadventure....
Domestic Foal Weaning: Need for Re-Thinking Breeding Practices?
| Contributor(s):: Séverine Henry, Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir, Aziliz Klapper, Julie Joubert, Gabrielle Montier, Martine Hausberger
Artificial weaning is a standard practice known to be one of the most stressful events in a domestic foal’s life. Research has mainly focused on ways to alleviate weaning stress. However, there is still a need for more detailed research on what should constitute best practices with...
Response to Wolf et al.: Furthering Debate over the Suitability of Trap-Neuter-Return for Stray Cat Management
| Contributor(s):: Michael C. Calver, Heather M. Crawford, Patricia A. Fleming
To continue dialogue over proposed Australian trials of Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR), we applied a framework requiring identification of areas of agreement, areas of disagreement, and identification of empirical data collection required to resolve disagreements. There is agreement that Australia...
What conservation can look like for an African | Luwi Nguluka | TEDxLusaka
| Contributor(s):: Luwi Nguluka
In this talk, conservationist Luwi Nguluka challenges the audience to consider some not so little known facts about wildlife and conservation in Africa.