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  1. Intraspecific Motor and Emotional Alignment in Dogs and Wolves: The Basic Building Blocks of Dog–Human Affective Connectedness

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elisabetta Palagi, Giada Cordoni

    Involuntary synchronization occurs when individuals perform the same motor action patterns during a very short time lapse. This phenomenon serves an important adaptive value for animals permitting them to socially align with group fellows thus increasing integration and fitness benefits. Rapid...

  2. Cooperative Communication with Humans Evolved to Emerge Early in Domestic Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Salomons, Kyle C.M. Smith, Megan Callahan-Beckel, Margaret Callahan, Kerinne Levy, Brenda S. Kennedy, Emily E. Bray, Gitanjali E. Gnanadesikan, Daniel J. Horschler, Margaret Gruen, Jingzhi Tan, Philip White, Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Evan L. MacLean, Brian Hare

    Although we know that dogs evolved from wolves, it remains unclear how domestication affected dog cognition. One hypothesis suggests dog domestication altered social maturation by a process of selecting for an attraction to humans.1,  2,  3 Under this account, dogs became more...

  3. Farmyard Animal or Best Friend? Exploring Predictors of Dog vs. Pig Pet Speciesism

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Gradidge, Magdalena Zawisza, Annelie J. Harvey, Daragh T. McDermott

    Despite dogs’ and pigs’ shared similarities, previous research indicates people favor dogs over pigs (known as “pet speciesism”). While pet speciesism has been empirically sup-ported, little is known about its predictors. This gap in the literature is problematic as...

  4. First-Time Experience in Owning a Dog Guide by Older Adults with Vision Loss

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kitsum Li, Jeffrey Kou, Yvonne Lam, Patricia Lyons, Susan Nguyen

    Introduction: Dog guides were found to be effective in helping adults with vision loss navigate in the community and improve overall well-being. In spite of the vast amount of literature on pet therapy and dog companionship, limited study exists on older adult with vision loss experience...

  5. Non-Contact Vital Signs Monitoring of Dog and Cat Using a UWB Radar

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pengfei Wang, Yangyang Ma, Fulai Liang, Yang Zhang, Xiao Yu, Zhao Li, Qiang An, Hao Lv, Jianqi Wang

    As pets are considered members of the family, their health has received widespread attention. Since pets cannot talk and complain when they feel uncomfortable, monitoring vital signs becomes very helpful in disease detection, as well as observing their progression and response to treatment. In...

  6. Dogs trigger attention during Animal Assisted Intervention in prison: a preliminary study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, Martine Hausberger, Christine Heyraud, Astrid Hirschelmann

    Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) seem to offer promising possibilities to prevent daily conditions of inmates (overcrowding or social isolation); however, nothing is known either about the potential processes involved or impact AAI on the development of interactions between inmates. We...

  7. Effect of Age, Breed, and Sex on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Owner Assessed Healthy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Susan Rodger, E Marian Scott, Andrea Nolan, Andrea K Wright, Jacqueline Reid

    Using an app, this exploratory study generated information on HRQL in a large cohort of dogs deemed healthy according to the owner. It forms the basis for further studies investigating the natural history of HRQL of dogs to inform the interpretation of interventional studies, but highlights the...

  8. Therapeutic Benefits of Certified Canines for Veterans with War-Related Trauma Disorders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren Smith

    Veterans and their service dogs share a special relationship that is not only a friendship but a working relationship as well. They each give each other something that they cannot get on their own. The purpose of this thesis is to determine the relationship between veterans and their service...

  9. Smoky Mountain Service Dogs

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    The Smoky Mountain Service Dogs mission is to enhance the physical and psychological quality of life for wounded Veterans by providing custom-trained mobility assistance service dogs.

  10. Canadian Intervention and Assistance Dogs (CIAD)

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    Welcome to CIAD—Canadian Intervention and Assistance Dogs.  We are an incorporated not-for-profit society that operates following the Societies Act of Nova Scotia. In Gaelic, CIAD means “primary” or “first”.  In 2016, we focused on the needs of first...

  11. Welfare-Adjusted Life Years (WALY): A novel metric of animal welfare that combines the impacts of impaired welfare and abbreviated lifespan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kendy Tzu-Yun Teng, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Charline Maertens De Noordhout, Peter Bennett, Paul D. McGreevy, Po-Yu Chiu, Jenny-Ann L. M. L. Toribio, Navneet K. Dhand

    Currently, separate measures are used to estimate the impact of animal diseases on mortality and animal welfare. This article introduces a novel metric, the Welfare-Adjusted Life Year (WALY), to estimate disease impact by combining welfare compromise and premature death components. Adapting the...

  12. Dogs distinguish human intentional and unintentional action

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Britta Schünemann, Judith Keller, Hannes Rakoczy, Tanya Behne, Juliane Bräuer

    When dogs interact with humans, they often show appropriate reactions to human intentional action. But it is unclear from these everyday observations whether the dogs simply respond to the action outcomes or whether they are able to discriminate between different categories of actions. Are dogs...

  13. Dogs' Sociability, Owners' Neuroticism and Attachment Style to Pets as Predictors of Dog Aggression

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elena Gobbo, Manja Zupan

    A dog’s aggressive behavior is influenced by external and internal factors, including its psychological profile. In this study, dogs’ and owners’ personalities and the owners’ attachment style to their dogs were identified and associated with owner-reported dog...

  14. Deadly Predators and Virtuous Buddhists: Dog Population Control and the Politics of Ethics in Ladakh

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karine Gagné

    The region of Ladakh in the Indian Himalayas has recently seen a rise in attacks by stray dogs, some of which have been fatal. The dogs’ claims on territory have not gone uncontested in an emotional landscape fraught with anxieties over religious identities as tensions prevail between a...

  15. Pain and Problem Behavior in Cats and Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel S. Mills, Isabelle Demontigny-Bédard, Margaret Gruen, Mary P. Klinck, Kevin J. McPeake, Ana Maria Barcelos, Lynn Hewison, Himara Van Haevermaet, Sagi Denenberg, Hagar Hauser, Colleen Koch, Kelly Ballantyne, Colleen Wilson, Chirantana V Mathkari, Julia Pounder, Elena Garcia, Patrícia Darder, Jaume Fatjó, Emily Levine

    We argue that there is currently an under-reporting of the ways in which pain can be associated with problem behavior, which is seriously limiting the recognition of this welfare problem. A review of the caseloads of 100 recent dog cases of several authors indicates that a conservative estimate...

  16. A Prospective Cohort Study Investigating the Behavioural Development of Bitches in a Guide Dog Training Programme Neutered Prepubertally or Post-Pubertally

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Freeman, S., Payne, R., Corr, S., England, G. C. W.

    There are few studies that investigate the effect of neutering bitches before or after puberty. The majority of current literature examining the impact of the timing of neutering on health and behaviour has used age rather than the onset of puberty as the key variable. The aim of this...

  17. Dogs and the Good Life: A Cross-Sectional Study of the Association Between the Dog-Owner Relationship and Owner Mental Wellbeing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Merkouri, A., Graham, T. M., O'Haire, M. E., Purewal, R., Westgarth, C.

    Dog ownership is believed to benefit owner wellbeing but, contrary to popular belief, there is limited evidence to suggest that simply owning a dog is associated with improved mental health. This mixed-methods study investigates whether dog owners with stronger relationships with their dogs...

  18. Characterizing veteran and PTSD service dog teams: Exploring potential mechanisms of symptom change and canine predictors of efficacy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, C. L., Rodriguez, K. E., MacLean, E. L., Abdul Wahab, A. H., Sabbaghi, A., O'Haire, M. E.

    Psychiatric service dogs are an emerging complementary intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Initial evidence suggests that partnership with a service dog may be related to less PTSD symptom severity. However, it remains unclear how or why this might occur. To address this gap,...

  19. The Potential Impact of a Dog Training Program on the Animal Adoptions in an Italian Shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: d'Angelo, D., Sacchettino, L., Quaranta, A., Visone, M., Avallone, L., Gatta, C., Napolitano, F.

    One of the main concerns of the human-dog relationship is today associated with the quality life inside the kennels, which are very often regarded as animal dump where dogs are exiled, representing a burden on society. In the present study we sought to investigate the importance of performing...

  20. Psychophysiological mechanisms underlying the potential health benefits of human-dog interactions: A systematic literature review

    | Contributor(s):: Teo, J. T., Johnstone, S. J., Römer, S. S., Thomas, S. J.