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  1. Back to the Future: A Glance Over Wolf Social Behavior to Understand Dog–Human Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giada Cordoni, Elisabetta Palagi

    This review focuses on wolf sociobiology to delineate the traits of cooperative baggage driven by natural selection (wolf-wolf cooperation) and better understand the changes obtained by artificial selection (dog-human cooperation). We selected some behaviors of the dog’s...

  2. Parental Perception of Changes in Basic Life Needs of Children with Disabilities after Six Months of Therapeutic Horseback Riding: A Qualitative Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert Lovrić, Nikolina Farčić, Štefica Mikšić, Aleksandra Gvozdanović Debeljak

    Therapeutic horseback riding (THR) has a positive effect on the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning of children with disabilities. Parents’ reports of the effects of THR on their children support professionals in individualizing the THR program. With this qualitative study,...

  3. Socioeconomic Influences on Reports of Canine Welfare Concerns to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) in Queensland, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hao Yu Shih, Mandy B. A. Paterson, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Human–dog relationships are an important contributor to the welfare of dogs, but little is known about the importance of socioeconomic status of the dogs’ owners. We conducted a retrospective study of canine welfare complaints, using Australian government statistics on the...

  4. Making Strides Therapeutic Horsemanship, Inc.

    Full-text: Available

    Our Mission is to improve the quality of life and cultivate human potential through equine facilitated therapies and recreation.   What that means for us is providing children and adults of all abilities, challenges and hardships by partnering with Retired Racehorses to provide for a...

  5. Rein Tension in Transitions and Halts during Equestrian Dressage Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Agneta Egenvall, Hilary M. Clayton, Marie Eisersiö, Lars Roepstorff, Anna Byström

    In dressage, the performance of transitions between gaits and halts is an integral part of riding sessions. The study aimed to evaluate rein tension before, during and after the transitions between different gaits and the transitions into halts. The kinematic (inertial measurement units) data...

  6. Dog-bites, rabies and One Health: Towards improved coordination in research, policy and practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Melanie J. Rock, Dawn Rault, Chris Degeling

    Dog-bites and rabies are neglected problems worldwide, notwithstanding recent efforts to raise awareness and to consolidate preventive action. As problems, dog-bites and rabies are entangled with one another, and both align with the concept of One Health. This concept emphasizes interdependence...

  7. HOPE is a 4-Legged Word: How Service Dogs Can Help Veterans Suffering from Combat-Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holly Katherine Robinson

    As the rate of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) continues to increase among our veterans returning from the War on Terror, the need for alternative treatment options is becoming more critical. One such alternative is the use of psychiatric service dogs specially trained to assist those...

  8. Behavioral Changes in Dogs With Idiopathic Epilepsy Compared to Other Medical Populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hilary Levitin, Devon Wallis Hague, Kelly C. Ballantyne, Laura E. Selmic

    Anxiety related behaviors have been reported in humans diagnosed with idiopathic epilepsy (IE) and such traits may be altered depending on seizure phase. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence and severity of anxiety related behaviors in dogs with IE compared to other medical...

  9. Can Responsible Ownership Practices Influence Hunting Behavior of Owned Cats?: Results from a Survey of Cat Owners in Chile

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sebastián Escobar-Aguirre, Raúl A. Alegría-Morán, Javiera Calderón-Amor, Tamara A. Tadich

    The domestic cat (Felis catus) has become a worldwide threat to wildlife. The potential impact of owned cats on wildlife in Chile has not been documented at a large scale. The purpose of this study was to investigate the number and type of prey that owned cats bring back in Chile and its...

  10. Pawsitive Teams

    Full-text: Available

    Pawsitive Teams was founded in 1997 with a desire to be a volunteer-inspired and volunteer-run organization designed to promote the use of well-trained dogs to improve the lives of San Diegans. Our volunteer service dog trainers spend two years with their canine charges prior to placement with...

  11. Angel Heart Farm

    Full-text: Available

    Established in 2001, Angel Heart Farm is a 501c3 nonprofit organization that uses equine assisted therapy for children facing chronic or life threatening illness and their families in conjunction with their medical treatments.

  12. Big Red Dog Animal Assisted Therapy Group

    Full-text: Available

    Big Red Dog is a small, volunteer-based organization located in Southeast Iowa. We provide hourly, on-site canine assisted therapy services to groups as well as individuals. The organization currently has two therapy dogs which visit as a team or individually. Big Red Dog Therapy Group was...

  13. Measuring Volumetric Changes of Equine Distal Limbs: A Pilot Study Examining Jumping Exercise

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Steven Johnson, Jennifer Symons

    Equine athletes can incur musculoskeletal injuries due to repetitive loading during training and competition. Prior to signs of lameness, horse trainers and veterinarians may observe swelling in the distal limbs, where injuries most frequently occur. Early observations may guide modulation of...

  14. A Review of Biomechanical Gait Classification with Reference to Collected Trot, Passage and Piaffe in Dressage Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hilary M. Clayton, Sarah Jane Hobbs

    Gaits are typically classified as walking or running based on kinematics, the shape of the vertical ground reaction force (GRF) curve, and the use of inverted pendulum or spring-mass mechanics during the stance phase. The objectives of this review were to describe the biomechanical...

  15. Shelters Reflect but Cannot Solve Underlying Problems with Relinquished and Stray Animals—A Retrospective Study of Dogs and Cats Entering and Leaving Shelters in Denmark from 2004 to 2017

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter Sandøe, Janne B.H. Jensen, Frank Jensen, Søren Saxmose Nielsen

    Data covering about 90% of the estimated intake of dogs and cats to Danish shelters from 2004 to 2017 were used to study the effects of tight control of dogs and of efforts to increase shelter services for unwanted or stray cats. During the period, there was a low and decreasing intake of dogs,...

  16. Human Induced Rotation and Reorganization of the Brain of Domestic Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taryn Roberts, Paul McGreevy, Michael Valenzuela

    Domestic dogs exhibit an extraordinary degree of morphological diversity. Such breed-to-breed variability applies equally to the canine skull, however little is known about whether this translates to systematic differences in cerebral organization. By looking at the paramedian sagittal magnetic...

  17. Dog Therapy Day at NWCCC

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Lang

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) provides great beneficial opportunities for individuals within the prison population. Many research studies display the effectiveness of AAT programs in prison settings through their results. The results showed improved moods, decreased stress levels, and increased...

  18. The Role of Oxytocin in the Dog–Owner Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Marshall-Pescini, Franka S. Schaebs, Alina Gaugg, Anne Meinert, Tobias Deschner, Friederike Range

    Oxytocin (OT) is involved in multiple social bonds, from attachment between parents and offspring to “friendships”. Dogs are an interesting species in which to investigate the link between the oxytocinergic system and social bonds since they establish preferential bonds with their...

  19. Injury History in the Collegiate Equestrian Athlete: Part II: Head, Upper and Lower Extremities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael L. Pilato, Timothy Henry, Drussila Malavase

    Purpose: Equestrian sports are known to have a high risk and rate of injury. While there is injury data available on acute injuries in the equestrian population, it is of a general nature. Within that data appears to be a lack of information on the collegiate equestrian athlete. Thus, the...

  20. The Sleep of Shelter Dogs Was Not Disrupted by Overnight Light Rather than Darkness in a Crossover Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Houpt, Hollis N. Erb, Genaro A. Coria-Avila

    Dogs in shelters may be unattended at night. The purpose of this study is to describe the night-time behavior of dogs in a shelter and to determine if artificial light affected their sleeping patterns. Ten dogs were video-recorded under both light and dark conditions and their behavior recorded...