Emergency fostering of dogs from animal shelters during the COVID-19 pandemic: shelter practices, foster caregiver engagement, and dog outcomes
| Contributor(s):: Gunter, L. M., Gilchrist, R. J., Blade, E. M., Reed, J. L., Isernia, L. T., Barber, R. T., Foster, A. M., Feuerbacher, E. N., Wynne, C. D. L.
Each year, millions of dogs enter thousands of animal shelters across the United States. Life in the shelter can be stressful, and one type of intervention that improves dogs' experience is human interaction, particularly stays in foster homes. Prior research has demonstrated that fostering...
Phylogenetic Diversity of Animal Oral and Gastrointestinal Viromes Useful in Surveillance of Zoonoses
| Contributor(s):: Esposito, A. M., Esposito, M. M., Ptashnik, A.
One world, one health, one virology of the mysterious labyrinth of coronaviruses: the canine coronavirus affair
| Contributor(s):: Annamaria Pratelli, Alessio Buonavoglia, Gianvito Lanave, Maria Tempesta, Michele Camero, Vito Martella, Nicola Decaro
Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) often have animal origins and then adapt to humans by jumping directly or via an intermediate host. The emergence of SARS-CoV in 2003, MERS-CoV in 2012, and SARS-CoV-2 in late-2019, confirms that coronaviruses can cause severe-to-fatal disease and that bats are...
Behavioral-biological surveillance of emerging infectious diseases among a dynamic cohort in Thailand
| Contributor(s):: Yadana, S., Cheun-Arom, T., Li, H., Hagan, E., Mendelsohn, E., Latinne, A., Martinez, S., Putcharoen, O., Homvijitkul, J., Sathaporntheera, O., Rattanapreeda, N., Chartpituck, P., Yamsakul, S., Sutham, K., Komolsiri, S., Pornphatthananikhom, S., Petcharat, S., Ampoot, W., Francisco, L., Hemachudha, T., Daszak, P., Olival, K. J., Wacharapluesadee, S.
BACKGROUND: Interactions between humans and animals are the key elements of zoonotic spillover leading to zoonotic disease emergence. Research to understand the high-risk behaviors associated with disease transmission at the human-animal interface is limited, and few consider regional and local...
Risk Factors for SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Illness in Cats and Dogs(1)
| Contributor(s):: Bienzle, D., Rousseau, J., Marom, D., MacNicol, J., Jacobson, L., Sparling, S., Prystajecky, N., Fraser, E., Weese, J. S.
We tested swab specimens from pets in households in Ontario, Canada, with human COVID-19 cases by quantitative PCR for SARS-CoV-2 and surveyed pet owners for risk factors associated with infection and seropositivity. We tested serum samples for spike protein IgG and IgM in household pets and...
Contamination: The Case of Civets, Companionship, COVID, and SARS
| Contributor(s):: Hooper, J.
This research explores the intersection between zoonosis and the trade in wild animals by applying the Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) as a lens through which to analyse the ways humans and animals shape, and are shaped by, multi-species entanglements. Civets occupy a unique space...
Do Animals Play a Role in the Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)? A Commentary
| Contributor(s):: Costagliola, A., Liguori, G., d'Angelo, D., Costa, C., Ciani, F., Giordano, A.
Human-Animal Interaction and the Emergence of SARS-CoV-2
| Contributor(s):: Hassani, A., Khan, G.
First Reported Cases of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Companion Animals - New York, March-April 2020
| Contributor(s):: Newman, A., Smith, D., Ghai, R. R., Wallace, R. M., Torchetti, M. K., Loiacono, C., Murrell, L. S., Carpenter, A., Moroff, S., Rooney, J. A., Barton Behravesh, C.
A qualitative study of zoonotic risk factors among rural communities in southern China
| Contributor(s):: Li, H. Y., Zhu, G. J., Zhang, Y. Z., Zhang, L. B., Hagan, E. A., Martinez, S., Chmura, A. A., Francisco, L., Tai, H., Miller, M., Daszak, P.
A Mini Review of the Zoonotic Threat Potential of Influenza Viruses, Coronaviruses, Adenoviruses, and Enteroviruses
| Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jane K Fieldhouse, Jessica Y Choi, Gregory C Gray
During the last two decades, scientists have grown increasingly aware that viruses are emerging from the human–animal interface. In particular, respiratory infections are problematic; in early 2003, World Health Organization issued a worldwide alert for a previously unrecognized illness...
The continual threat of influenza virus infections at the human–animal interface: What is new from a one health perspective?
| Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jessica Y Choi, Jane K Fieldhouse, Laura Borkenhagen, Juliana Zemke, Dingmei Zhang, Gregory C Gray
This year, in 2018, we mark 100 years since the 1918 influenza pandemic. In the last 100 years, we have expanded our knowledge of public health and increased our ability to detect and prevent influenza; however, we still face challenges resulting from these continually evolving viruses. Today,...
Hendra Virus Vaccine, a One Health Approach to Protecting Horse, Human, and Environmental Health
| Contributor(s):: Deborah Middleton, Jackie Pallister, Reuben Klein, Yan-Ru Feng, Jessica Haining, Rachel Arkinstall, Leah Frazer, Jin-An Huang, Nigel Edwards, Mark Wareing, Martin Elhay, Zia Hashmi, John Bingham, Manabu Yamada, Dayna Johnson, John White, Adam Foord, Hans G. Heine, Glenn A. Marsh, Christopher C. Broder, Lin-Fa Wang
In recent years, the emergence of several highly pathogenic zoonotic diseases in humans has led to a renewed emphasis on the interconnectedness of human, animal, and environmental health, otherwise known as One Health. For example, Hendra virus...
Zoonotic diagrams: mastering and unsettling human-animal relations
| Contributor(s):: Lynteris, Christos
This article approaches interspecies relations through an examination of the prevalent visual device employed in the representation of animal-human infection in the life sciences: the zoonotic cycles diagram. After charting its emergence and development in the context of bubonic plague, I explore...
Hepatitis E Virus Serosurvey among Pet Dogs and Cats in Several Developed Cities in China
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Huanbin Liang, Jidang Chen, Jiexiong Xie, Long Sun, Fanxiao Ji, Shuyi He, Yun Zheng, Chumin Liang, Guihong Zhang, Shuo Su, Shoujun Li
Infection by Hepatitis E virus (HEV), as a zoonotic disease virus, is well studied in pigs in China, but few studies in pets have been performed. This study was designed to characterize the prevalence of HEV infection among pet dogs and cats in major metropolitan areas of China. We conducted a...
Aujeszky's Disease and Hepatitis E Viruses Transmission between Domestic Pigs and Wild Boars in Corsica: Evaluating the Importance of Wild/Domestic Interactions and the Efficacy of Management Measures
| Contributor(s):: Francois Charrier, Sophie Rossi, Ferran Jori, Oscar Maestrini, Celine Richomme, Francois Casabianca, Christian Ducrot, Johan Jouve, Nicole Pavio, Marie-Frederique Le Potier
Wildlife species as reservoirs of infectious pathogens represent a serious constraint in the implementation of disease management strategies. In the Mediterranean island of Corsica, the dynamics of hepatitis E virus (HEV) and Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV) are suspected to be influenced...
Modeling The Zoonotic Transmission Dynamics Of Nipah Virus: Implications For Outbreak Control And Model-Guided Fieldwork
| Contributor(s):: Natasha Wenzel
Introduction: Nipah virus is considered a biosafety level-4 pathogen that is endemic to bats of the genus Pteropus. Infection in humans presents clinically as febrile encephalitis with an extremely high case-fatality rate (78.2%). Outbreaks of Nipah virus infection have occurred in Bangladesh and...
The Public Health Risks of Three Potentially Zoonotic Viruses in Pigs and Pork in Canada
| Contributor(s):: Barbara Wilhelm
The research described in this thesis aims to describe the potential public health risks posed by three emerging and potentially zoonotic viruses (hepatitis E virus (HEV), Norovirus (NoV), and rotavirus (RV) in pigs and pork in Canada. This was investigated via a scoping review, surveys of...
Zoonotic poxviruses associated with companion animals
| Contributor(s):: Tack, D. M., Reynolds, M. G.
Understanding the zoonotic risk posed by poxviruses in companion animals is important for protecting both human and animal health. The outbreak of monkeypox in the United States, as well as current reports of cowpox in Europe, point to the fact that companion animals are increasingly serving as...
Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats
| Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.
Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly...