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  1. Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team

    Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.

    Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...

  2. "Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving

    Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.

    Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...

  3. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  4. The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...

  5. Feeding behavior and the effect of photoperiod on the performance and hematological parameters of the pacama catfish ( Lophiosilurus alexandri)

    Contributor(s):: Kitagawa, A. T., Costa, L. S., Paulino, R. R., Luz, R. K., Rosa, P. V., Guerra-Santos, B., Fortes-Silva, R.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the rhythms of feeding and locomotor activity, the ability to synchronize to a fixed feeding time, and the influence of photoperiod on the growth parameters, feed intake and hematological parameters of a recently introduced fish in freshwater Brazilian...

  6. Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing

    Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

    Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...

  7. Understanding feeding patterns in growing pigs by modelling growth and motivation

    Contributor(s):: Boumans, I. J. M. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Hofstede, G. J., Boer, I. J. M. de

    Feeding is an essential behaviour for body maintenance in pigs and closely related to their growth and productivity performance. Mechanisms underlying feeding behaviour in pigs are still unclear. Understanding these mechanisms can provide valuable insights into the complex interactions among...

  8. Early human handling in non-weaned piglets: effects on behaviour and body weight

    Contributor(s):: Oliveira, D. de, Costa, M. J. R. P. da, Zupan, M., Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.

    Early handling of animals including tactile stimulation (TS) has been shown to have beneficial effects on the physical and psychological development of species where considerable maternal interaction, e.g. in the form of licking, already occurs. But little is known about the magnitude of these...

  9. Effect of pre- and post-partum sow activity on maternal behaviour and piglet weight gain 24 h after birth

    Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Chaloupkova, H., Neuhauserova, K.

    Within the 24 h prior to parturition sows are active and motivated to perform nest-building behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether pre-partum activity (e.g. nesting and postural changes) could predict maternal behaviour 24 h post-partum (pp) and weight gain 24 h pp, and...

  10. Handling, electric goad, and head restraint: effects on calves' behavior

    Contributor(s):: Goonewardene, L. A., Price, M. A., Stookey, J. M., Day, P. A., Minchau, G.

    96 weaned calves (48 bulls and 48 heifers) were allocated in a 2 x 2 x 2 arrangement to 3 treatments each with 2 levels: calves handled every 10 days or 20 days; an electric goad used or not used; and head gate restrained or not restrained. Behaviour responses were measured by 5 incremental...

  11. Dairy calves' adaptation to group housing with automated feeders

    Contributor(s):: Fujiwara, M., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de

    Group housing of dairy calves with automated milk feeders has likely welfare and labour saving advantages but delays in the calves adapting to the feeding system may reduce these advantages. We examined factors that influence calves' adaptation to the feeders. In Exp. 1, 77 Holstein calves were...

  12. An exploratory study on the effects of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates

    Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Renders, L., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Driessen, B.

    The effect of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates was investigated to determine the extent to which the provision of small quantities of straw has an influence on both sows and piglets. Sows and suckling piglets are often housed in barren environments with limited opportunities to show behavior...

  13. Importance of personality traits in horses to breeders and riders

    Contributor(s):: Graf, P., Borstel, U. K. von, Gauly, M.

    Especially in horses, personality traits play an important role because horses' behavior influences their quality as a riding partner. In contrast to that, no objective assessment of horses' personality traits is available at present. Although initial efforts are made in this field, a successful...

  14. Short-term welfare implications of capture-mark-recapture trapping of medium-sized mammals: the brushtail possum ( Trichosurus vulpecula) as a case study

    Contributor(s):: Cowan, P., Forrester, G., Warburton, B.

  15. What is the relationship between level of infection and 'sickness behaviour' in cattle?

    Contributor(s):: Szyszka, O., Kyriazakis, I.

  16. Cross-fostering effects on weight, exploratory activity, acoustic startle reflex and corticosterone stress response in Norway gray rats selected for elimination and for enhancement of aggressiveness towards human

    Contributor(s):: Plyusnina, Irina Z., Oskina, Irina N., Tibeikina, Marina A., Popova, Nina K., Phillips, Tamara

  17. Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning

    Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...

  18. Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance

    Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...

  19. Behavioural responses of cattle to shared foraging with wild herbivores in an East African rangeland

    Contributor(s):: Odadi, W. O., Okeyo-Owuor, J. B., Young, T. P.

    We assessed whether prior foraging by wild herbivores affected foraging behaviour of cattle in Laikipia rangeland, Kenya, during February 2001, August 2001 and February 2002. The study compared cattle bite rate, step rate and bites per step in plots exclusively accessible to cattle and those...

  20. Birth weight variation in the domestic pig: effects on offspring survival, weight gain and suckling behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Milligan, B. N., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    In domestic pigs, litter-mates often vary considerably in birth weight. To examine whether this size variation influences piglet survival, weight gain and suckling behaviour, we experimentally manipulated the number and size distribution of litter-mates in 51 litters. Litters were small (eight or...