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  1. Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans

    Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...

  2. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  3. Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature

    Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.

    This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...

  4. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  5. Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature

    Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.

    This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...

  6. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  7. Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature

    Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.

    This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...

  8. When dogs look back: inhibition of independent problem-solving behaviour in domestic dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris) compared with wolves ( Canis lupus)

    Contributor(s):: Udell, M. A. R.

    Domestic dogs have been recognized for their social sensitivity and aptitude in human-guided tasks. For example, prior studies have demonstrated that dogs look to humans when confronted with an unsolvable task; an action often interpreted as soliciting necessary help. Conversely, wolves persist...

  9. Integrating Values and Ethics into Wildlife Policy and Management—Lessons from North America

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Camilla H. Fox, Marc Bekoff

    Few animals provoke as wide a range of emotions as wolves. Some see wolves as icons of a lost wilderness; others see them as intruders. As the battle continues between wolf proponents and opponents, finding solutions that resolve conflicts while supporting the integrity of nature is challenging....

  10. Using livestock guardian dogs in Balkans

    Contributor(s):: Yilmaz, O., Erturk, Y. E., Coskun, F., Ertugrul, M.

    Aim of this paper to review livestock guardian dogs in Balkan countries. Balkans consist of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia, and Turkey. In Balkans there are quite successful livestock guardian dogs including...

  11. Dogs for herding and guarding livestock

    Contributor(s):: Coppinger, L., Coppinger, R., Grandin, T.

    Dogs that perform best for guarding and herding livestock have different behavioural profiles, as stated by the authors: 'herding dogs are selected to show hunting behaviours, such as eye, stalk, grip or heel. Guarding dogs are selected to show more of the wild ancestor's puppy-like or juvenile...

  12. A comparison of pet and purpose-bred research dog ( Canis familiaris) performance on human-guided object-choice tasks

    Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Dorman, D. C.

    Several studies have shown that domestic dogs respond to human social cues such as pointing. Some experiments have shown that pet dogs outperformed wolves in following a momentary distal point. These findings have lent support to the hypothesis that domestication is responsible for domestic dogs'...

  13. A fresh look at the wolf-pack theory of companion-animal dog social behavior

    Contributor(s):: Kerkhove, W. van

    A popular perspective on the social behavior of dogs in multiple-dog households sees the dogs' behavior as reflecting the sociobiological laws of the rigidly structured dominance hierarchy that has been described for wolf packs. This view suggests that aggression problems among dogs are natural...

  14. Human interaction as environmental enrichment for pair-housed wolves and wolf-dog crosses

    Contributor(s):: Mehrkam, L. R., Verdi, N. T., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Private nonhuman animal sanctuaries are often financially limited in their ability to implement traditional environmental enrichment strategies. One possible solution may be to provide socialized animals with human interaction sessions. However, the merit of human interaction as enrichment has...

  15. The concept of dominance and the treatment of aggression in multidog homes: a comment on van Kerkhove's commentary

    Contributor(s):: Mertens, P. A.

    Comment on "van Kerkhove's Commentary" [2004 this issue] relating to the concept of dominance and the treatment of aggression in multidog homes.

  16. Traumatic stress disorder observed in an adult wild captive wolf ( Canis lupus )

    Contributor(s):: Mallonee, J. S., Joslin, P.

    Tenino was an adult female wolf, born in the wild and placed into captivity at 1 year of age because of her participation in livestock depredation. Her method of capture, well documented, involved being darted twice by helicopter and translocated twice. This method of capture would have exposed...

  17. A pilot study of sexual dimorphism in the head morphology of domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Carrasco, J. J., Georgevsky, D., Valenzuela, M., McGreevy, P. D.

    The dog ( Canis lupus familiaris) displays more morphological diversity than any other species. It is a direct descendant of the gray wolf ( Canis lupus), but shows remarkable behavioral and morphological differences. It has been suggested that differences in skull shape that relate to brain...

  18. Clinical feasibility of cognitive testing in dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Heckler, M. C. T., Tranquilim, M. V., Svicero, D. J., Barbosa, L., Amorim, R. M.

    Several cognitive tests have been developed to evaluate specific aspects of human and animal learning and memory. These tests have been used for early detection of cognitive deficits and to monitor the treatment of dogs with cognitive impairment. Thus, this article evaluated the feasibility of...

  19. The effect of breed on age-related changes in behavior and disease prevalence in cognitively normal older community dogs, Canis lupus familiaris

    Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGreevy, P. D., Sachdev, P. S., Valenzuela, M. J.

    Variation in breed longevity in the dog has led to the inference that large dogs age at a faster rate than small dogs, possibly because of an increased oxidative load. Potential differences in behavioral aging (the rate of age-related decline in cognito-behavioral performance) across breeds...

  20. A Comparison of the Sensory Development of Wolves (Canis lupus lupus) and Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Lord, Kathryn