Evaluation of microwave energy as a humane stunning technique based on electroencephalography (EEG) of anaesthetised cattle
Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Cakebread, P. L., Mellor, D. J., Johnson, C. B.
Humane slaughter implies that an animal experiences minimal pain and distress before it is killed. Stunning is commonly used to induce insensibility but can lead to variable results or be considered unsatisfactory by some religious groups. Microwave energy can induce insensibility in rats, and...
Determination of sheep learning responses to a directional audio cue
Contributor(s):: Morris, J. E., Fisher, A. D., Doyle, R. E., Bush, R. D.
There are scientific opinions that a nonhuman animal cannot feel emotions, and, hence, positive experiences, without being cognitive. Therefore, determining an animal's cognitive capacity can be useful in supporting the existence of emotions. Research shows that sheep can perform tasks based on...
Livestock vehicle accidents in Spain: causes, consequences, and effects on animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Sepulveda, W. S., Villarroel, M., Maria, G. A.
Livestock vehicle accidents are rare but involve significant economic, human, and nonhuman farm animal losses. This study obtained information on the characteristics of accidents, the animals involved, and injuries to humans from newspaper reports about livestock vehicle accidents in Spain from...
A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep
Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.
Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...
Welfare by the ear: comparing relative durations and frequencies of ear postures by using an automated tracking system in sheep
Contributor(s):: Vogeli, S., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.
Given the increased interest in animal emotional reactions for assessing welfare, indicators for such reactions are sought. Ear postures and movements have been found to be promising indicators of emotional states in sheep and other animals. The manual recording of ear postures, however, is very...
Electromagnetic induction of insensibility in animals: a review
Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.
Human-animal relationships at sheep and cattle abattoirs
Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., Rice, M., Hemsworth, P. H.
Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids
Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.
Observing lame sheep: evaluating test agreement between group-level and individual animal methods of assessment
Contributor(s):: Phythian, C. J., Cripps, P. C., Grove-White, D., Jones, P. H., Michalopoulou, E., Duncan, J. S.
Preliminary investigations into the use of microwave energy for reversible stunning of sheep
Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Keates, H., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.
The use of quantitative risk assessment to assess lifetime welfare outcomes for breech strike and mulesing management options in Merino sheep
Contributor(s):: Fisher, A. D., Giraudo, A., Martin, P. A. J., Paton, M. W.
A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method
Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.
Assessment of unconsciousness during slaughter without stunning in lambs
Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Llonch, P.
Auditing animal welfare and making practical improvements in beef-, pork- and sheep-slaughter plants
Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.
Comparison of Halal slaughter with captive bolt stunning and neck cutting in cattle: exsanguination and quality parameters
Contributor(s):: Anil, M. H., Yesildere, T., Aksu, H., Matur, E., McKinstry, J. L., Weaver, H. R., Erdogan, O., Hughes, S., Mason, C.
Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep
Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.
Interactions between profit and welfare on extensive sheep farms
Contributor(s):: Stott, A. W., Ahmadi, B. V., Dwyer, C. M., Kupiec, B., Morgan-Davies, C., Milne, C. E., Ringrose, S., Goddard, P., Phillips, K., Waterhouse, A.
Preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of captive-bolt guns as a killing method without exsanguination for horned and unhorned sheep
Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Ridler, A. L., Lamb, C. R., Williams, A., Giles, S., Gregory, N. G.
Reducing mother-young separation distress by inducing ewes into oestrus at the day of weaning
Contributor(s):: Perez-Leon, I., Orihuela, A., Lidfors, L., Aguirre, V.
The effect of stun duration and level of applied current on stun and meat quality of electrically stunned lambs under commercial conditions
Contributor(s):: Berg, C., Nordensten, C., Hultgren, J., Algers, B.