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  1. Evaluation of microwave energy as a humane stunning technique based on electroencephalography (EEG) of anaesthetised cattle

    Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Cakebread, P. L., Mellor, D. J., Johnson, C. B.

    Humane slaughter implies that an animal experiences minimal pain and distress before it is killed. Stunning is commonly used to induce insensibility but can lead to variable results or be considered unsatisfactory by some religious groups. Microwave energy can induce insensibility in rats, and...

  2. Determination of sheep learning responses to a directional audio cue

    Contributor(s):: Morris, J. E., Fisher, A. D., Doyle, R. E., Bush, R. D.

    There are scientific opinions that a nonhuman animal cannot feel emotions, and, hence, positive experiences, without being cognitive. Therefore, determining an animal's cognitive capacity can be useful in supporting the existence of emotions. Research shows that sheep can perform tasks based on...

  3. Livestock vehicle accidents in Spain: causes, consequences, and effects on animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Sepulveda, W. S., Villarroel, M., Maria, G. A.

    Livestock vehicle accidents are rare but involve significant economic, human, and nonhuman farm animal losses. This study obtained information on the characteristics of accidents, the animals involved, and injuries to humans from newspaper reports about livestock vehicle accidents in Spain from...

  4. A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.

    Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...

  5. Welfare by the ear: comparing relative durations and frequencies of ear postures by using an automated tracking system in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Vogeli, S., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Given the increased interest in animal emotional reactions for assessing welfare, indicators for such reactions are sought. Ear postures and movements have been found to be promising indicators of emotional states in sheep and other animals. The manual recording of ear postures, however, is very...

  6. Electromagnetic induction of insensibility in animals: a review

    Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.

  7. Human-animal relationships at sheep and cattle abattoirs

    Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., Rice, M., Hemsworth, P. H.

  8. Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids

    Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.

  9. Observing lame sheep: evaluating test agreement between group-level and individual animal methods of assessment

    Contributor(s):: Phythian, C. J., Cripps, P. C., Grove-White, D., Jones, P. H., Michalopoulou, E., Duncan, J. S.

  10. Preliminary investigations into the use of microwave energy for reversible stunning of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Keates, H., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.

  11. The use of quantitative risk assessment to assess lifetime welfare outcomes for breech strike and mulesing management options in Merino sheep

    Contributor(s):: Fisher, A. D., Giraudo, A., Martin, P. A. J., Paton, M. W.

  12. A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method

    Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.

  13. Assessment of unconsciousness during slaughter without stunning in lambs

    Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Llonch, P.

  14. Auditing animal welfare and making practical improvements in beef-, pork- and sheep-slaughter plants

    Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.

  15. Comparison of Halal slaughter with captive bolt stunning and neck cutting in cattle: exsanguination and quality parameters

    Contributor(s):: Anil, M. H., Yesildere, T., Aksu, H., Matur, E., McKinstry, J. L., Weaver, H. R., Erdogan, O., Hughes, S., Mason, C.

  16. Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.

  17. Interactions between profit and welfare on extensive sheep farms

    Contributor(s):: Stott, A. W., Ahmadi, B. V., Dwyer, C. M., Kupiec, B., Morgan-Davies, C., Milne, C. E., Ringrose, S., Goddard, P., Phillips, K., Waterhouse, A.

  18. Preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of captive-bolt guns as a killing method without exsanguination for horned and unhorned sheep

    Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Ridler, A. L., Lamb, C. R., Williams, A., Giles, S., Gregory, N. G.

  19. Reducing mother-young separation distress by inducing ewes into oestrus at the day of weaning

    Contributor(s):: Perez-Leon, I., Orihuela, A., Lidfors, L., Aguirre, V.

  20. The effect of stun duration and level of applied current on stun and meat quality of electrically stunned lambs under commercial conditions

    Contributor(s):: Berg, C., Nordensten, C., Hultgren, J., Algers, B.