Distribution, complications, and outcome of footpad injuries in pet and military working dogs
Contributor(s):: Hansen, L. A., Hazenfield, K. M., Olea-Popelka, F., Smeak, D. D.
This study reports the findings of 120 traumatic pad injuries in pet and military dogs. Most dogs (68%) presented with a laceration to a thoracic limb footpad, and one-third of dogs were middle-aged castrated males. Metacarpal pads were most commonly injured. Short-term complications were noted...
A cross-sectional study of horse-related injuries in veterinary and animal science students at an Australian university
Contributor(s):: Riley, C. B., Liddiard, J. R., Thompson, K.
Specific estimates of the risk of horse-related injury (HRI) to university students enrolled in veterinary and animal sciences have not been reported. This study aimed to determine the risk of student HRI during their university education, the nature and management of such injuries. A...
Transport of horses for slaughter in Iceland
Contributor(s):: Roy, R. C., Cockram, M. S., Dohoo, I. R., Ragnarsson, S.
There is interest in the transportation of horses ( Equus caballus) to slaughter and a need to assess the welfare implications of this practice. Forty-six loads of 7-35 horses transported for 0.33 to 3.10 h to a slaughter plant in Iceland were studied. Adults and foals were transported together...
A cross-sectional epidemiological study of prevalence and severity of bit-induced oral trauma in polo ponies and race horses
Contributor(s):: Mata, F., Johnson, C., Bishop, C.
Bit and bridle accessories improperly fitted in ridden horses can cause oral trauma such as bone spurs, commissure ulceration, and tongue lacerations. This study was used to identify, grade, and compare the types of oral traumas commonly found within polo ponies and race horses. Injuries were...
Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds
Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.
In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...
Long-term outcome of equestrian injuries in children
Contributor(s):: Dekker, R., Ck,, Kootstra, J., Groothoff, J. W., Eisma, W. H., ten Duis, H. J.
PURPOSE: To investigate the possible development of long-term disabilities arising from paediatric equestrian injuries. METHOD: All patients, aged 17 years or younger, treated in a hospital setting because of an equestrian injury during a five-year period received a questionnaire. A reference...
Characterization of injuries caused by dogs and cats to humans in the municipality of Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, between the years 2000 and 2009
Contributor(s):: Frias, D. F. R., Nunes, J. O. R., Carvalho, A. A. B.
Study of aggression by dogs, according to the kind of interaction between dog and victim and motivating circumstances in the accidents, Municipality of Sao Paulo, 2008 to 2009Estudo das agressoes por caes, segundo tipo de interacao entre cao e vitima
Contributor(s):: Paranhos, N. T., Silva, E. A., Bernardi, F., Mendes, M. C. N. C., Junqueira, D. M. A. G., Souza, I. O. M., Albuquerque, J. O. M., Alves, J. C. M., Machado, M. N. P.
Effect of short and long periods of separation on agonistic behaviour, injuries and stress in Herens cows kept in loose housing
Contributor(s):: Castro, I. M. L., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Hauser, R.
Emergency procedures in the field: a report of wound treatment and fast healing in the giant ditch frog (Leptodactylus fallax)
Contributor(s):: Rosa, G. M., Fernandez-Loras, A.
Behaviour and leg injuries in dairy cows kept in cubicle systems with straw bedding or soft lying mats
Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Schaub, J., Friedli, K., Hauser, R.
In order to reduce straw input, soft lying mats are used increasingly instead of straw bedding in cubicle systems for dairy cows. This study aimed at comparing different types of soft lying mats with straw bedding regarding cow behaviour and leg injuries. Data were collected on 5 farms with straw...
Partial tooth-clipping of suckling pigs: effects on neonatal competition and facial injuries
Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Fraser, D.
Two experiments investigated the effects on facial injury and piglet performance of partial clipping of needle teeth, whereby only the distal third of the tooth is removed. In experiment 1, teeth were partially clipped, fully clipped to the gum line, or left intact. All piglets of a litter...
Group housing of adult silver fox ( Vulpes vulpes ) vixens during autumn and its consequences for body weight, injuries and later reproduction: a field study
Contributor(s):: Hovland, A. L., Bakken, M.
Usually, farmed silver foxes are housed singly throughout adulthood. Due to the flexible social nature of wild foxes social grouping may act as an alternative housing procedure for adult vixens. However, sociality may involve increased levels of aggression during competition for e.g. dominance...
Social interactions of unfamiliar horses during paired encounters: effect of pre-exposure on aggression level and so risk of injury
Contributor(s):: Hartmann, E., Christensen, J. W., Keeling, L. J.
Group housing of horses is not widely applied in practice despite the welfare advantages of keeping animals socially rather than individually. In particular, concerns have been raised about the possible increased risk of injury and how to introduce a new horse into an established group. This...
Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK
Contributor(s):: Brooks, A., Moxon, R., England, G. C. W.
In a retrospective survey, researchers identified 100 incidents of attacks on guide dogs by other dogs. These were reviewed in order to determine the number, severity and impact on the handler and dog, and the characteristics of the aggressors and victims. During the study period there were more...
Effects of space allowance on the welfare of dry sows kept in dynamic groups and fed with an electronic sow feeder
| Contributor(s):: Remience, V., Wavreille, J., Canart, B., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Prunier, A., Bartiaux-Thill, N., Nicks, B., Vandenheede, M.
The minimal legal space allowance for grouped pregnant sows in the EU is 2.25 m2/sow. The effect of higher space per animal on agonistic behaviour and social stress of animals living in dynamic groups is not known. Two groups of 34 pregnant Belgian Landrace sows were housed in two pens of...
Group housing of adult silver fox ( Vulpes vulpes ) vixens in autumn: agonistic behaviour during the first days subsequent to mixing
| Contributor(s):: Hovland, A. L., Akre, A. K., Bakken, M.
Due to farmed foxes' (Vulpes vulpes) social flexibility and possible motivation for intraspecific contact, group housing may act as an alternative housing procedure. Because initial social contact between silver foxes usually involves agonistic displays as a part of foxes' social dominance...
Relationships between behaviour and health in working horses, donkeys, and mules in developing countries
| Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Dennison, T. L., Whay, H. R.
Recent studies raise serious welfare concerns regarding the estimated 93.6 million horses, donkeys and mules in developing countries. Most equids are used for work in poor communities, and are commonly afflicted with wounds, poor body condition, respiratory diseases, parasites, dental problems,...
Frequency of nose and tail injuries in cattle and water buffalo at livestock markets in Bangladesh
| Contributor(s):: Alam, M. R., Gregory, N. G., Uddin, M. S., Jabbar, M. A., Chowdhury, S., Debnath, N. C.
A total of 560 cattle and water buffalo were examined at livestock markets in Bangladesh. The aim was to assess the frequency of nose and tail injuries that could have occurred during handling and transport. The frequency of nose piercing was 64
Influence of social status on the welfare of growing pigs housed in barren and enriched environments
| Contributor(s):: O'Connell, N. E., Beattie, V. E., Moss, B. W.
One hundred and twenty-eight pigs were reared in barren or enriched environments from birth to slaughter at 21 weeks of age. Pigs remained as litter-mate groups until 8 weeks of age when they were mixed into groups of eight animals. These groups were balanced for gender and weight and contained...