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  1. Hepatitis E Virus Serosurvey among Pet Dogs and Cats in Several Developed Cities in China

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Huanbin Liang, Jidang Chen, Jiexiong Xie, Long Sun, Fanxiao Ji, Shuyi He, Yun Zheng, Chumin Liang, Guihong Zhang, Shuo Su, Shoujun Li

    Infection by Hepatitis E virus (HEV), as a zoonotic disease virus, is well studied in pigs in China, but few studies in pets have been performed. This study was designed to characterize the prevalence of HEV infection among pet dogs and cats in major metropolitan areas of China. We conducted a...

  2. MLVA and LPS Characteristics of Brucella canis Isolated from Humans and Dogs in Zhejiang, China

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dongri Piao, Heng Wang, Dongdong Di, Guozhong Tian, Jiantong Luo, Wenjie Gao, Hongyan Zhao, Weimin Xu, Weixing Fan, Hai Jiang

    Brucella canis is a pathogenic bacterium that causes brucellosis in dogs, and its zoonotic potential has been increasing in recent years. 32 B. canis strains were divided into 26 genotypes using MLVA-16. The comprehensive approaches have been used to analyze human and...

  3. The zoonotic potential of Clostridium difficile from small companion animals and their owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rabold D, Espelage W, Abu Sin M, Eckmanns T, Schneeberg A, Neubauer H, et al.

    Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in humans range from asymptomatic carriage to life-threatening intestinal disease. Findings on C. difficile in various animal species and an overlap in ribotypes (RTs) suggest potential zoonotic transmission. However, the impact of...

  4. GI Zoonoses in Companion Pets of the Homeless : the Effects of Environment and Behavior on the Prevalence of GI Parasites, and the Role of Veterinarians in Public Health Education

    | Contributor(s):: Matthew Edwards, Luis Ruedas (adviser)

    Veterinarians are the front-line in the world of pet-health and zoonoses which means they are also at the front-line of human health and have an important role of educating clients on behaviors that would both reduce the risk of human and pet contracting a disease. In this study we collected 85...

  5. A seroepidemiological study of canine zoonoses among persons occupationally exposed to dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Whitney Sue Krueger, Tara C. Smith (adviser)

    Zoonotic diseases continue to emerge and threaten both human and animal health. Overcrowded shelters and breeding kennels create the perfect environment for amplified infectious disease transmission among dogs and present a critical opportunity for zoonotic pathogens to emerge and threaten...

  6. Rabies Vaccination Targets for Stray Dog Populations

    | Contributor(s):: Tiffany Leung, Stephen A. Davis

    The role of stray dogs in the persistence of domestic dog rabies, and whether removal of such dogs is beneficial, remains contentious issues for control programs seeking to eliminate rabies. While a community might reach the WHO vaccination target of 70% for dogs that can be handled, the stray or...

  7. Editorial: Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies

    | Contributor(s):: Salome Dürr, Anna S. Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H. Taylor

    Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease with a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear and kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide. About 99% of infections in humans are caused by rabid domestic dog bites. Human disease is...

  8. Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies Deaths by 2030: Needs Assessment and Alternatives for Progress Based on Dog Vaccination

    | Contributor(s):: Ryan M. Wallace, Eduardo A. Undurraga, Jesse D. Blanton, Julie Cleaton, Richard Franka

    Background: Rabies imposes a substantial burden to about half of the world population. The World Health Organization (WHO), World Organization for Animal Health, and the Food and Agriculture Organization have set the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030. This could be...

  9. Company human-animal interaction in the municipality of Paragominas, southeast of ParaInteracao homem-animal de companhia no municipio de Paragominas, sudeste do Para

    | Contributor(s):: Santos, R. C. B., Moura, K. B., Sousa e Sousa, E., Oliveira, R. A. de, Soares, B. C., Melo, W. de O.

    Objective of this study was to characterize the creation of companion animals raised in the southeastern region of Para. The study was conducted in the municipality of Paragominas-PA, from June to July 2015. The method used in data collection was the survey with questionnaires containing open and...

  10. Disease Risk Assessments Involving Companion Animals: an Overview for 15 Selected Pathogens Taking a European Perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Rijks, J. M., Cito, F., Cunningham, A. A., Rantsios, A. T., Giovannini, A.

  11. Caracterização dos comportamentos de tutores de animais de estimação numa amostra não probabilística

    | Contributor(s):: Zélia Irina Lucas Rebelo

    O presente estudo tem como objectivo caracterizar o comportamento dos tutores de animais utilizando uma amostra não-probabilística. Neste contexto, foi elaborado um questionário online conduzido entre Março de 2014 e Julho de 2014, que consiste em 31 questões...

  12. Gastrointestinal parasite risk in dog parks in the Lisbon area

    | Contributor(s):: Ana Maria Nogueira Ferreira

    Dog parks may pose a risk for the transmission of parasitic zoonotic agents via the faeces and soil contact. This is the first study to investigate gastrointestinal infections in park-attending dogs in Lisbon. The research was carried out under the frame of a field study including both...

  13. Zoonotic importance of dermatophytosis in dogs and cats

    | Contributor(s):: Cindy Paola Cruz Alcala

    Dermatophytoses are infections caused by dermatophyte fungi of the genus Microsporum, Epidermophyton and Trichophyton, which affect the keratinized tissues of the skin, hair and nails. Dermatophytosis in canines and felines are frequent pathologies that constitute an important mycosis in these...

  14. Identification of hemoparasites and ticks of dogs from the Zoonoses Control Center of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Fabiana Pessoa Salgado

    The aim of this study was to identify hemoparasites and ticks of dogs treated at the Zoonoses Control Center in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Blood and venous blood smears were obtained from 167 dogs from various regions of the city. From the total of animals examined, 62.28%...

  15. Prevalence of parasites, especially those with zoonotic potential, in wild dogs/dingoes in suburban fringe areas of Townsville (Queensland, Australia), Spring 2003, 28 p.

    | Contributor(s):: Bethany Brown

    Necropsies were performed on 27 wild dogs professionally culled in the Townsville district of Australia between August and September 2002. The purpose of this study was to define the prevalence of parasitic infections present in the local wild dog population, with special focus on those of...

  16. The Epidemiology and Impact of Dog-Associated Zoonoses in Developed and Developing Countries

    | Contributor(s):: Glenda Bingham

    Dogs are an important part of human societies throughout the world. Although people derive many economic and health benefits from their relationships with dogs, these relationships are not without risk. Interaction with dogs can lead to an increased risk for zoonotic diseases, if the appropriate...

  17. On the role of pets in GermanyZur Rolle von Kleintieren in Deutschland

    | Contributor(s):: Schwarz, S.

    This article discusses the number and presence of pets in the German household, especially dogs and cats; essentiality and importance of pets to the well-being of German owners; ability of pets to decrease the risk of heart disease; and function of dogs in rescue, animal assisted therapy and...

  18. Animals in healthcare facilities: recommendations to minimize potential risks

    | Contributor(s):: Murthy, R., Bearman, G., Brown, S., Bryant, K., Chinn, R., Hewlett, A., George, B. G., Goldstein, E. J., Holzmann-Pazgal, G., Rupp, M. E., Wiemken, T., Weese, J. S., Weber, D. J.

  19. What Could Your Dog Be Carrying? - Zoonotic Enteric Bacteria in Pet Dogs in Ontario: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Antimicrobial Resistance

    | Contributor(s):: Erin Kathleen Leonard

    In this study we investigated the prevalence of selected zoonotic pathogens (Salmonella and Campylobacter) and antimicrobial resistant bacteria (Salmonella spp. and generic Escherichia coli) in client-owned dogs in Southwestern Ontario. The pet-related risk factors for shedding Salmonella spp.,...

  20. A Walk in the Park: Zoonotic Risks Associated with Dogs that Frequent Dog Parks in Southern Ontario

    | Contributor(s):: Theresa D. Procter

    A cross-sectional study investigated the shedding of zoonotic organisms (Campylobacter, Giardia, and Salmonella) and antimicrobial resistant generic E. coli in dogs that visited dog parks in southern Ontario. Logistic regression models were constructed to identify risk factors. Factors for the...