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  1. Defamiliarising the Zoo : Representations of Nonhuman Animal Captivity in Five Contemporary Novels

    Contributor(s):: Hadassa Prattley

    While human-animal relations have always been part of human cultures the public zoo is a relatively recent phenomenon that reflects very specific elements of Western cultures’ modern ideas about, and relationships with, nonhuman animals. By becoming such a familiar part of popular culture...

  2. Human-Animal Interactions at Zoological Institutions

    Contributor(s):: Christopher Marion

    Objective – To determine the preventive practices concerning zoonotic disease transmission between humans and animals in interactive exhibits at Association of Zoos & Aquariums (AZA) accredited institutions. Data were also analyzed to determine if annual budget was associated with...

  3. Activity budgets of captive Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) under a training regime

    Contributor(s):: Wierucka, K., Siemianowska, S., Wozniak, M., Jasnosz, K., Kieliszczyk, M., Kozak, P., Sergiel, A.

    Ethograms and time budgets are crucial for the behavioral assessment of nonhuman animals in zoos, and they serve as references for welfare research. This study was conducted to obtain detailed time budgets of trained Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) in captivity, to evaluate variations of...

  4. A survey of abnormal repetitive behaviors in North American river otters housed in zoos

    Contributor(s):: Morabito, P., Bashaw, M. J.

    Stereotypic behaviors, indicating poor welfare and studied in a variety of species (especially carnivores), appear related to characteristics of current and past environments. Although North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) often develop abnormal, repetitive, possibly stereotypic...

  5. An hourly variation in zoo visitor interest: measurement and significance for animal welfare research

    Contributor(s):: Davey, G.

    A methodological difficulty facing welfare research on nonhuman animals in the zoo is the large number of uncontrolled variables due to variation within and between study sites. Zoo visitors act as uncontrolled variables, with number, density, size, and behaviour constantly changing. This is...

  6. Behavioral management at the Phoenix Zoo: new strategies and perspectives

    Contributor(s):: Tresz, H.

    It all started with a seemingly simple decision to re-evaluate and document the Phoenix Zoo's behavioral management protocol. The purpose of this project was to present proactive standards for the care and psychological well-being of our living collection, while meeting or exceeding the...

  7. Distressed animal behaviors and some recommendations for improvements at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo, Malaysia

    Contributor(s):: Amber, Haque

    The artificial living conditions of captive animals present numerous challenges for animal caretakers. In this study I explored abnormal behaviors in certain caged animals at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo. Findings obtained from observations of animals and interviews of the zoo staff are followed by...

  8. Effect of enclosure quality on reactivity and welfare of captive Soemmerring's gazelle ( Gazella soemmerringii )

    Contributor(s):: Mansour, A. A. H., Zakaria, A. H., Fraser, A. F.

    The welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos is a great challenge to the zookeeper. Changes in the behavioral response of captive animals to their immediate environment can be used as a method for evaluating their welfare status. This study evaluates reactive responses of 3 groups of captive...

  9. Enclosure design and space utilization by Indian leopards ( Panthera pardus ) in four zoos in Southern India

    Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Qamar, Qureshi, Ravi, Chellam

    Enclosure design and the use of enclosure space influence the activity budget of captive leopards. The study laid out in grids all enclosures on the base map and segregated these grids into 4 zones. Every 5 min, the study recorded the proportion of time spent in these zones with the leopards'...

  10. Ethics and animal welfare evaluations in South East Asian zoos: a case study of Thailand

    Contributor(s):: Agoramoorthy, G., Harrison, B.

    Concern for zoo animals is palpable throughout society in many countries in South East Asia. It is important to understand problems of animal welfare in order for zoos to make significant improvement in maintaining high standards. With a case study of 3 zoos in Thailand, this article presents...

  11. Ethics and welfare in Southeast Asian Zoos

    Contributor(s):: Govindasamy, Agoramoorthy

    The Southeast Asian Zoos Association (SEAZA) is the only major zoological organization connecting about 90 zoos and recreational parks in the region. The Ethics and Welfare Committee of SEAZA established the zoo evaluation procedure in 1998 to assess ethics and animal welfare situation in zoos....

  12. Influence of zoo visitor presence on the behavior of captive Indian gaur ( Bos gaurus gaurus ) in a Zoological Park

    Contributor(s):: Mahadevan, Sekar, Thangavel, Rajagopal, Govindaraju, Archunan

    Visitors to zoos can be a source of potential disturbance and stress to some captive, nonhuman animals in the wild. To determine the influence of visitor presence on captive bison (Bos gaurus gaurus), the study analysed the behaviour of 4 individuals at the Arignar Anna Zoological Park, India....

  13. Introducing a semi-naturalistic exhibit as structural enrichment for two brown bears ( Ursus arctos ). Does this ensure their captive well-being?

    Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Ensenyat, C., Serrat, S., Mate, C.

    In this study we used the daily activity pattern and use of space as indicators of change in the program of structural enrichment, implemented with 2 subjects of the species Ursus arctos in the Barcelona Zoo. We collected 930 sampling points in each study phase for each of the individuals: The...

  14. Lion, ungulate, and visitor reactions to playbacks of lion roars at Zoo Atlanta

    Contributor(s):: Kelling, A. S., Allard, S. M., Kelling, N. J., Sandhaus, E. A., Maple, T. L.

    Felids in captivity are often inactive and elusive in zoos, leading to a frustrating visitor experience. Eight roars were recorded from an adult male lion and played back over speakers as auditory enrichment to benefit the lions while simultaneously enhancing the zoo visitor experience. In...

  15. Measuring zoo animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Bloomsmith, M. A.

    In the conference "Measuring Zoo Animal Welfare: The Science of Animal Well-Being; Combining Approaches and Overcoming Challenges," which was held May 29-30, 2008 hosted by the Chicago Zoological Society, The objective was to provide a forum for the development of an integrative approach to zoo...

  16. Novel environmental enrichment may provide a tool for rapid assessment of animal personality: a case study with giant pandas ( Ailuropoda melanoleuca )

    Contributor(s):: Powell, D. M., Svoke, J. T.

    Historically, the assessment of nonhuman animal personality has included a variety of methods - from direct behavioural observations in a variety of test situations to assessments provided by animal caretakers or trainers. Careful observation of how animals in zoos interact with novel enrichment...

  17. Retreat space and human visitor density moderate undesirable behaviour in petting zoo animals

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Benne, M., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    This study focused on the relationship between nonhuman animal behaviour and environment - specifically, between the undesirable behaviour exhibited by domestic petting zoo animals in the presence of humans and the spatial design of the petting zoo environment. A spatial feature of a petting zoo...

  18. The role of zoos in the rehabilitation of animals in the circus

    Contributor(s):: Gupta, B. K., Bipul, Chakraborty

    In 1998, the government of India enforced a ban on performance/exhibition of 5 species of nonhuman animals: (a) lions, (b) tigers, (c) leopards, (d) bears, and (e) monkeys. The Ministry of Environment and Forests gave the responsibility to the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) for rehabilitation of...

  19. The sizes of elephant groups in zoos: implications for elephant welfare

    Contributor(s):: Rees, P. A.

    This study examined the distribution of 495 Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) and 336 African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in 194 zoos, most of which were located in Europe (49.1

  20. Toward a science of welfare for animals in the zoo

    Contributor(s):: Maple, T. L.

    Although the accredited institutions of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums have all committed to enhancing the welfare of nonhuman animals, acceptable standards and best practices are still under debate. Currently, experts from zoos and the field hold widely divergent opinions about exhibition...