Ethiopian village dogs: behavioural responses to a stranger's approach
| Contributor(s):: Ortolani, A., Vernooij, H., Coppinger, R.
We studied the behavioural ecological characteristics of free-roaming dogs (Canis familiaris) in four Ethiopian villages via observational surveys. The Ethiopian village dogs surveyed in this study have similar characteristics to other free-roaming dog populations in the world: (1) they are...
Investigations on genetic disease resistance in swine - a contribution to the reduction of pain, suffering and damage in farm animals.
| Contributor(s):: Reiner, G.
This review deals with genetic disease resistance in pigs as a prospective opportunity to reduce pain, suffering and damage in swine production. Even under favourable terms of housing and management, infectious diseases are wide-spread, and have to be ranked among the major sources for suffering...
The influence of pack social structure on oral rabies vaccination coverage in captive African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus)
| Contributor(s):: Knobel, D. L., Toit, J. T. du
This paper examines the application of oral immunisation against rabies in African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), a highly social species that is currently endangered. The influence of pack social structure on consumption of baits was studied in an artificially created captive pack of seven adult wild...
An epizootic of rabies in Maryland, 1982-84
| Contributor(s):: Beck, A. M., Felser, S. R., Glickman, L. T.
Racoon rabies was first recorded in peninsular Florida in 1947 (McLean, Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1971, 123, 680-81). Other states of the USA reported only sporadic cases until the 1960s when the incidence increased and it spread into mainland Florida and Georgia. Spread progressed...
Raccoon rabies in the mid-Atlantic (epidemic) and southeastern states (endemic), 1970-1986: an evaluation of reporting methods
| Contributor(s):: Torrence, M. E., Beck, A. M., Glickman, L. T., Perez, C. M., Samuels, M. L.
A network model of H5N1 avian influenza transmission dynamics in domestic cats
| Contributor(s):: Ayyalasomayajula, S., DeLaurentis, D. A., Moore, G. E., Glickman, L. T.
Naturally occurring cases of influenza in cats owing to the H5N1 strain have been reported in several countries. A cat reservoir of H5N1 in the United States could provide an environment for zoonotic disease spread to humans. This scenario was the impetus to develop a model to study potential...
A perspective on vaccine guidelines and titer tests for dogs
| Contributor(s):: Moore, G. E., Glickman, L. T.
AIDS, canines and zoonoses: risks and benefits of visits
| Contributor(s):: Evans, K. M.
Animal-assisted therapy for improving human health
| Contributor(s):: Cevizci, S., Erginoz, E., Baltas, Z.
Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) or Pet Therapy is an adjunctive therapy that takes advantage of human and animal interaction, activates physiological and psychological mechanisms, and initiates positive changes to improve metabolic health. In recent years, this interaction is use to treat...
Animal-based national surveillance for zoonotic disease: quality, limitations, and implications of a model system for monitoring rabies
| Contributor(s):: Childs, J. E., Krebs, J. W., Real, L. A., Gordon, E. R.
Surveillance for zoonotic diseases among wildlife is a research and public health challenge. The inherent limitations posed by the requisite human-animal interactions are often undefined and underappreciated. The national surveillance system for animal rabies in the United States was examined...
Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)
Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...
The perception of veterinary students about the interaction between human and pets and the risk of zoonosis
| Contributor(s):: Almeida, L. P. de, Almeida, M. L., Carrijo, K. de F., Pirtouscheg, A.
The interaction between humans and animals can benefit and harm. Among the benefits of living with a pet is to improve the quality of life by reducing stress, lowering tensions between family members and increasing compassion in society. On the other hand there is the possibility that some...
Comparative prevalence of rabies antibodies among household and unclaimed/stray dogs as determined by the immune adherence haemagglutination assay
| Contributor(s):: Bota, C. N., Anderson, R. K., Goyal, S. M., Charamella, L. J., Howard, D. R., Briggs, D. J.
The sera of 202 owned dogs and those of 149 stray or abandoned animals were obtained from veterinary hospitals in Minneapolis or St Paul. They were tested for rabies antibody, which occurred more frequently and to higher titre in owned dogs than in strays that were unlikely to have been...
The very structure of scientific research does not mitigate against developing products to help the environment, the poor, and the hungry
| Contributor(s):: Beachy, R. N.
This paper follows one by M. Crouch which puts the opposing view. The use of tissue culture to propagate disease-free plants in Vietnam and Zimbabwe is highlighted as an example of a low-tech product of biotechnology. Most research is published openly, training of developing country scientists...
Stress indicators in cattle
| Contributor(s):: Munro, I. B.
Behaviour of pigs with viral and bacterial pneumonia
| Contributor(s):: Escobar, J., Alstine, W. G. van, Baker, D. H., Johnson, R. W.
The behavioural response to infection is well organized and may enhance disease resistance and facilitate recovery, but the behaviour of pigs with an acute respiratory infection has not been assessed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate behaviour of pigs inoculated with...
A survey of dog populations in urban and rural areas of Yucatan, Mexico
| Contributor(s):: Ortega-Pacheco, A., Rodriguez-Buenfil, J. C., Bolio-Gonzalez, M. E., Sauri-Arceo, C. H., Jimenez-Coello, M., Forsberg, C. L.
A survey in a major Mexican city (Merida) and three rural communities was conducted to generate information regarding the size and structure of the owned-dog populations and people's opinions about the dogs and how they took care of them. Household characteristics and dog population size, health...
Development of an item scale to assess attitudes towards domestic dogs in the United Republic of Tanzania
| Contributor(s):: Knobel, D. L., Laurenson, K. M., Kazwala, R. R., Cleaveland, S.
Domestic dogs are important sources of rabies exposure for humans in the developing world. Control of the disease in endemic areas relies on the vaccination of owned dogs, and thus owners' attitudes and behaviour towards household dogs may be of relevance to rabies control programmes. However,...
Environmental enrichment for captive Eastern blue-tongue lizards ( Tiliqua scincoides )
| Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Jiang, Z., Hatton, A. J., Tribe, A., Bouar, M. le, Guerlin, M., Murray, P. J.
Eastern blue-tongue lizards (Tiliqua scincoides) are kept in zoos and increasingly commonly as exotic pets, but little is known about improving their welfare by enrichment of their environment. Using nine animals kept individually in cages provided with a brick for basking and a pipe for hiding,...
Evaluation of the acute phase protein haptoglobin as an indicator of herd health in slaughter pigs
| Contributor(s):: Berg, A. van den, Danuser, J., Frey, J., Regula, G.
Health is an important aspect of animal welfare, which is difficult to assess at herd level. Clinical examination of individual animals is time-consuming, and most measures of clinical herd health depend significantly on the examiner. Acute phase proteins are produced during inflammatory...