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  1. Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats

    Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.

    Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog...

  2. A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options

    Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.

    Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...

  3. Case-Control Study of Risk Factors for Human Infection with a New Zoonotic Paramyxovirus, Nipah Virus during a 1998-1999 Outbreak of Severe Encephalitis in Malaysia

    Contributor(s):: Flora Ong, Lye Munn Sunn, Anthony W. Mounts, Mohamad Taha Arif, Thomas G Ksiazek, Umesh D. Parashar, Muhammad A. Kamaluddin, Amal N. Mustafa, Hanjeet Kaur, Lay Ming Ding, Ghazali Othman, Hayati M. Radzi, Paul T. Kitsutani, Patrick C. Stockton, John Arokiasamy, Howard E. Gary Jr, Larry J. Anderson

    An outbreak of encephalitis affecting 265 patients (105 fatally) occurred during 1998–1999 in Malaysia and was linked to a new paramyxovirus, Nipah, that infected pigs, humans, dogs, and cats. Most patients were pig farmers. Clinically undetected Nipah infection was noted in 10 (6%) of 166...

  4. Bright eyed and bushy tailed

    Contributor(s):: Hofve, Jean

  5. Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications

    Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.

    Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...

  6. Social provisions of the human-animal relationship amongst 30 people living with HIV in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Hutton, V. E.

    Research on the relationship between humans and animals has identified some links between companion animals and physiological, psychological, and social benefits for the human. Adopting Robert Weiss's (1974) Theory of Social Provisions as a framework, this qualitative study explores the role of...

  7. Commentary on "Pandemic human viruses cause decline in endangered great apes", by Köndgen et al., 2008, Current Biology 18: 260-264

    Contributor(s):: Goldberg, Tony L.

  8. Commentary on "Pandemic human viruses cause decline in endangered great apes", by Köndgen et al., 2008, Current Biology 18: 260-264

    Contributor(s):: Leendertz, Fabian H.

  9. Considering human-primate transmission of measles virus throught the prism of risk-analysis

    Contributor(s):: Jones-Engel, Lisa

  10. Descriptive epidemiology of fatal respiratory outbreaks and detection of a human-related metapneumovirus in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Mahale Mountains National Park, western Tanazania

    Contributor(s):: Kaur, Taranjit

  11. Risk assessment - a model for predicting cross-species transmission of simian foamy virus from macaques (M. fascicularis) to humans at a monkey temple

    Contributor(s):: Engel, Gregory A.

  12. Up close and personal with Mahale chimpanzees : a path forward

    Contributor(s):: Kaur, Taranjit

  13. Gut microbiota of humans, dogs and cats: current knowledge and future opportunities and challenges

    Contributor(s):: Deng, P., Swanson, K. S.

    High-throughput DNA sequencing techniques allow for the identification and characterisation of microbes and their genes (microbiome). Using these new techniques, microbial populations in several niches of the human body, including the oral and nasal cavities, skin, urogenital tract and...

  14. Around cats

    Contributor(s):: Goldstein, E. J. C., Greene, C. E., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on diseases transmitted from cats to humans. The diseases transmitted by inhalation (bordetellosis, plague and Q fever), vectors (ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, flea-borne spotted fever, murine typhus and leishmaniasis), faecal-oral...

  15. Less common house pets

    Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on the major health threats associated with exposure of humans to less common house pets. The viral, bacterial, parasitic and mycotic zoonoses transmitted by pet rabbits, rodents, reptiles, amphibians, ornamental aquarium fish, ferrets, bats and nonhuman primates are...

  16. Public health and animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Molento, C. F. M., Appleby, M. C., Weary, D. M., Sandoe, P.

    What are the links among the concepts of global public health, human health and animal welfare? The objective of this chapter is to discuss the relationship between public health and animal welfare issues, from the historical perspective of rabies control to the more recent challenges brought by...

  17. Participatory methods for the assessment of the ownership status of free-roaming dogs in Bali, Indonesia, for disease control and animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Morters, M. K., Bharadwaj, S., Whay, H. R., Cleaveland, S., Damriyasa, I. M., Wood, J. L. N.

    The existence of unowned, free-roaming dogs capable of maintaining adequate body condition without direct human oversight has serious implications for disease control and animal welfare, including reducing effective vaccination coverage against rabies through limiting access for vaccination, and...

  18. Molecular insights into farm animal and zoonotic Salmonella infections

    Contributor(s):: Mark P. Stevens, Tom J. Humphrey, Duncan J. Maskell

    Salmonella enterica is a facultative intracellular pathogen of worldwide importance. Infections may present in a variety of ways, from asymptomatic colonization to inflammatory diarrhoea or typhoid fever depending on serovar- and host-specific factors. Human diarrhoeal infections are frequently...

  19. Pet dogs--a transmission route for human noroviruses?

    Contributor(s):: Summa, M., von Bonsdorff, C. H., Maunula, L.

  20. Phylogenetic analysis of 626 hepatitis E virus (HEV) isolates from humans and animals in China (1986-2011) showing genotype diversity and zoonotic transmission

    Contributor(s):: Liu, P., Li, L., Wang, L., Bu, Q., Fu, H., Han, J., Zhu, Y., Lu, F., Zhuang, H.