A novel behavioural approach to assess responsiveness to auditory and visual stimuli before cognitive testing in family dogs
Contributor(s):: Bognár, Zsófia, Piotti, Patrizia, Szabó, Dóra, Le Nézet, Louis, Kubinyi, Enikő
Visual and auditory impairments can have a large impact on performance in cognitive tests. It is important to evaluate the sensory capacities of dogs before enrolling them in cognitive tests, in order to exclude sensory impairment as confounding effect. Therefore we designed multiple non-invasive...
Investigating the importance of vision in poultry: Comparing the behaviour of blind and sighted chickens
Contributor(s):: Collins, Sophie, Forkman, Björn, Kristensen, Helle H., Sandøe, Peter, Hocking, Paul M.
Behaviour in poultry is predominately visually mediated and vision is important to the welfare of poultry. The relationship between vision, behaviour and welfare has primarily been investigated in relation to artificial lighting. Genetically blind chickens provide an alternative experimental...
Animals and Organisations: An Ethic of Care Framework
Contributor(s):: Connolly, Lucy, Cullen, John G.
Horse vision and obstacle visibility in horseracing
Contributor(s):: Paul, Sarah Catherine, Stevens, Martin
Visual information is key to how many animals interact with their environment, and much research has investigated how animals respond to colour and brightness information in the natural world. Understanding the visibility of features in anthropogenic environments, and how animals respond to...
The effect of age on visuo-spatial short-term memory in family dogs
| Contributor(s):: Patrizia Piotti, Dóra Szabó, Lisa Wallis, Zsófia Bognár, Bianka Stiegmann, Anna Egerer, Pauline Marty, Enikő Kubinyi
Decline in the visuo-spatial memory domain may be an early marker for cognitive decline and has a relevant impact on animal welfare. Current research on visuo-spatial memory in family dogs is often limited by factors such as the need of extensive pre-training, limited attention to co-occurring...
'Goats that stare at men' - revisited: do dwarf goats alter their behaviour in response to eye visibility and head direction of a human?
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Borell, E. von, Langbein, J.
Being able to recognise when one is being observed by someone else is thought to be adaptive during cooperative or competitive events. In particular for prey species, this ability should be of use in the context of predation. A previous study reported that goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) alter...
Individual differences in visual and olfactory cue preference and use by cats ( Felis catus)
| Contributor(s):: Mayes, E. R. E., Wilkinson, A., Pike, T. W., Mills, D. S.
Animals are constantly presented with stimuli through different sensory challenges, which may sometimes contain contradictory information and so they must decide which is more salient in a given situation. Both vision and olfaction are extensively utilised by the domestic cat ( Felis catus) in a...
Assessing the effectiveness of the Birdsbesafe anti-predation collar cover in reducing predation on wildlife by pet cats in Western Australia
| Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Fontaine, J. B., Bryant, K. A., Calver, M. C.
Many pet cats hunt and, irrespective of whether or not this threatens wildlife populations, distressed owners may wish to curtail hunting while allowing their pets to roam. Therefore we evaluated the effectiveness of three patterned designs (simple descriptions being rainbow, red and yellow) of...
Behavioural consequences of visual deprivation occurring at hatch or in the early life of chickens
| Contributor(s):: Hocking, P. M., Haldane, K. A., Davidson, E. M., Sandoe, P., Kristensen, H. H.
The development of behaviour in a line of chickens that are born sighted ( rdd) but turn blind after hatching was compared with a line that is blind at hatch ( beg) and with sighted White Leghorn controls (WL) to test the hypothesis that birds that become blind later in their life will show...
Why do dogs bite?
| Contributor(s):: Campbell, W. E.
Nurturing your pet with nature - Part 2: Sensory and discovery experiences
| Contributor(s):: Rauh, R. M.
Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare
| Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.
Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...
Discrimination of human and dog faces and inversion responses in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Anais Racca, Eleonora Amadei, Severine Ligout, Kun Guo, Kerstin Meints, Daniel Mills
Although domestic dogs can respond to many facial cues displayed by other dogs and humans, it remains unclear whether they can differentiate individual dogs or humans based on facial cues alone and, if so, whether they would demonstrate the face inversion effect, a behavioural hallmark commonly...
Left gaze bias in humans, rhesus monkeys and domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Kun Guo, Daniel Mills, Kerstin Meints, Charlotte Hall, Sophie Hall
While viewing faces, human adults often demonstrate a natural gaze bias towards the left visual field, that is, the right side of the viewee’s face is often inspected first and for longer periods. Using a preferential looking paradigm, we demonstrate that this bias is neither uniquely human...
Physical Impairments and Service Dogs
There are several kinds of vision impairments. The World
Health Organization defines four levels of visual function: normal vision, moderate visual impairment,
severe visual impairment, and...
Shedding ultraviolet light on welfare in laboratory rodents: suggestions for further research and refinement
| Contributor(s):: Sorensen, D. B.
The welfare of laboratory rats and mice is sought to be optimised through adjustment of a variety of environmental factors, including light intensity and photoperiodicity. However, the fact that rodents are able to perceive ultraviolet (UV) light tends to be ignored. The importance of being able...
Obstacles and anticipated problems with acquiring assistance dogs, as expressed by Japanese people with physical disabilities
| Contributor(s):: Mariko Yamamoto, Lynette A. Hart, Mitsuaki Ohta, Koji Matsumoto, Nobuyo Ohtani
In western countries, such as the United States and the United Kingdom, many people with disabilities benefit from the help their assistance dogs provide. In contrast, assistance dogs have not become widespread in Japan. This study explores the perspectives of Japanese people with disabilities,...
How to handle your cows stress-free and safely?
| Contributor(s):: Adam, S., Baillargeon, J.
Schoolchildren and one of the most unpopular animals: are they ready to protect snakes?
| Contributor(s):: Ballouard, J. M., Ajtic, R., Balint, H., Brito, J. C., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Desmonts, D., ElMouden, E., Erdogan, M., Feriche, M., Pleguezuelos, J. M., Prokop, P., Sanchez, A., Santos, X., Slimani, T., Tomovic, L., Usak, M., Zuffi, M., Bonnet, X.
Dog Guides and Deaf-Blindness: The Deaf-Blind Component of the Special Needs Program at Guiding Eyes for the Blind
| Contributor(s):: Martine, Andrea, Meteyer, Michael, Purcell, Ellin, Zubrycki, Kathy