Human–Ape Interactions in a Zoo Setting: Gorillas and Orangutans Modify Their Behavior Depending upon Human Familiarity
Contributor(s):: Pedersen, Janni, Sorensen, Kathryn, Lupo, Brian, Marx, Laura
Understanding how human presence influences animal behavior, specifically the behavior of nonhuman primates, has important implications for methodology in cognitive and behavioral studies, for our understanding of human–animal relationships and for animal welfare in captive settings. Conducted in...
A multi-enclosure study investigating the behavioural response of meerkats to zoo visitors
Contributor(s):: Sherwen, Sally L., Magrath, Michael J. L., Butler, Kym L., Phillips, Clive J. C., Hemsworth, Paul H.
The scientific literature indicates that visitors may affect both the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals. Captive born slender-tailed meerkats, Suricata suricatta, at three exhibits were studied under two treatments (1) unregulated visitor behaviour and (2) regulated visitor behaviour, where...
Visitor effects on zoo orangutans in two novel, naturalistic enclosures
Contributor(s):: Choo, Yuanting, Todd, Peter Alan, Li, Daiqin
Visitors are known to affect zoo animals, and such effects may be stressful, neutral, or enriching. The majority of research has focused on visitor number or visitor presence–absence, yet few studies have examined effects of other variables such as sound volume, visitor activity, and whether...
The Effect of Behind-The-Scenes Encounters and Interactive Presentations on the Welfare of Captive Servals (Leptailurus serval)
Contributor(s):: Acaralp-Rehnberg, L. K., Coleman, G. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Melfi, V., Fanson, K. V., Bland, I. M.
The serval (Leptailurus serval) is a small African felid that is well represented in zoos and often serves as an animal ambassador in encounter programs with zoo visitors. The impact on serval welfare in relation to such programs has not been investigated to date, and the aim of this study was to...
Visitor effects on zoo-housed Sulawesi crested macaque (Macaca nigra) behaviour: Can signs with ‘watching eyes’ requesting quietness help?
Contributor(s):: Dancer, Alice M. M., Burn, Charlotte C.
Visiting public can cause changes in the behaviour of zoo-housed primates. These effects, if indicative of stress, can be of welfare concern. However, few options to mitigate visitor effects through modulating visitor behaviour have been explored. Here we evaluated the effects of visitor number...
Effects of crowd size on exhibit use by and behavior of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) at a zoo
Contributor(s):: Bonnie, Kristin E., Ang, Mabel Y. L., Ross, Stephen R.
Several factors are known to affect the overall well-being of captive apes, including facility design and the presence of and interaction with both familiar and unfamiliar humans. Several studies have examined the effects crowds of varying sizes have on the behavior of a wide taxonomic range of...
What Is the Zoo Experience? How Zoos Impact a Visitor's Behaviors, Perceptions, and Conservation Efforts
Contributor(s):: Godinez, A. M., Fernandez, E. J.
The Visitor Effect on Zoo Animals: Implications and Opportunities for Zoo Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Hemsworth, P. H.
The effects of zoo visitors on Quokka (Setonix brachyurus) avoidance behavior in a walk-through exhibit
| Contributor(s):: Learmonth, M. J., Sherwen, S., Hemsworth, P. H.
The role of zoos and aquariums in education for a sustainable future
| Contributor(s):: Jan Packer, Roy Ballantyne
This chapter explores visitors' environmental learning in zoos and aquariums, inclusive of narrative accounts that demonstrate the impact of such experiences in the lives of visitors regarding the process and outcomes.
Judging a dog by its cover: morphology but not training influences visitor behavior toward kenneled dogs at animal shelters
| Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Wynne, C. D. L.
Currently, visitor behavior in companion animal shelters is not adequately explored. A sequence of experiments investigated how visitors interacted with kenneled dogs at an animal shelter and whether training dogs to not engage in undesirable behavior in their kennels would evoke more interest...
Visitor behaviours and visitor effects: a case study on the white-crowned mangabey (cercocebus atys lunulatus) of ZSL London Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Marta Fragata
One of the problems that zoos have to deal with at the present time concerns the human-animal relationship. This is a complex matter that emerges from the conjuncture in which contemporary zoos find themselves. One aspect of such problem emerge from the conflicts that may occur according to the...
An analysis of Ayutthaya Elephant Camp visitors
| Contributor(s):: Kitiya Teeranadechatorn
The elephant is an important animal, culturally and historically, for Thailand. Elephant camps were first established for conservation purposes. Hence, this research was conducted to examine the Ayutthaya Elephant Camp to assess its elephant welfare, education, and entertainment via a tourist...
Influences of Social Norms, Habit and Ambivalence on Park Visitors' Dog Leash Compliance for Protecting Wildlife
| Contributor(s):: Matthew Bowes
Non-compliance with visitor regulations in national parks can have an impact on park conservation and the experience of other park visitors. Park management in Pacific Rim National Park Reserve located on the west coast of British Columbia, Canada is challenged by visitors’ non-compliant...
Visitors' memories of wildlife tourism: Implications for the design of powerful interpretive experiences
| Contributor(s):: Roy Ballantyne, Jan Packer, Lucy A. Sutherland
One of the aims of wildlife tourism is to educate visitors about the threats facing wildlife in general, and the actions needed to protect the environment and maintain biodiversity. To identify effective strategies to achieve this aim, this paper examines participants’ memories of their...
Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship
| Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.
Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...
What drives cat-owner behaviour? First steps towards limiting domestic-cat impacts on native wildlife
| Contributor(s):: MacDonald, E., Milfont, T., Gavin, M.
Context. Cats can have substantial negative impacts on native wildlife. To harness the collective conservation impact of owners keeping cats inside, advocacy campaigns need to be based on empirical evidence regarding potential drivers to change cat-owner behaviour. Aims. We assessed the degree to...
Do Visitors Affect Zebra Behavior in Zoos?
| Contributor(s):: Christine Conte
I investigated the effects of visitors on the behavior of two zebra species (Equus grevyi and Equus burchelli) at eight zoos on the East Coast of the United States. I used instantaneous time sampling to record zebra behavior and visitor data. I used these data to run Bayesian hierarchical models...
The Call of the Wild (And the Caged): The Impact of a Zoo's Exhibition Styles on the Attitudes of Its Human Visitors
| Contributor(s):: Erin S. Behn
Modern zoos provide many visitors with the only direct interaction possible with many non-human species. Zoos can therefore present conservation messaging in a uniquely animal-relevant context, but questions remain regarding how the presentation of captive animals influences human...
Applying visitor preference criteria to choose pro-wildlife behaviors to ask of zoo visitors
| Contributor(s):: Liam Smith, Betty Weiler, Amy Smith, Pieter van Dijk
Many zoos now emphasize that their role in conservation includes influencing the behavior of their visitors for the benefit of wild animals. However, there is limited evidence of behavioral change to support this emphasis; one reason may be that requested behaviors are not viewed favorably by zoo...