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  1. Assessing the potential impact of zoo visitors on the welfare and cognitive performance of Japanese macaques

    Contributor(s):: Huskisson, Sarah M., Doelling, Christina R., Ross, Stephen R., Hopper, Lydia M.

  2. The experience of animal therapy in residential aged care in New Zealand: a narrative analysis

    Contributor(s):: Wong, Gemma, Breheny, Mary

  3. Why the "Visitor Effect" Is Complicated. Unraveling Individual Animal, Visitor Number, and Climatic Influences on Behavior, Space Use and Interactions With Keepers—A Case Study on Captive Hornbills

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paul E. Rose, Jake S. Scales, James E. Brereton

    A “visitor effect” on zoo-housed species has been documented since the 1970s, with research focused on mammals (specifically primates). To broaden our understanding of the “visitor effect” in a non-mammal, we conducted a case study on a pair of hornbills, recording...

  4. Scientific and Ethical Issues in Exporting Welfare Findings to Different Animal Subpopulations: The Case of Semi-Captive Elephants Involved in Animal-Visitor Interactions (AVI) in South Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara de Mori, Elena Stagni, Linda Ferrante, Gregory Vogt, Keith A. Ramsay, Simona Normando

    Elephants are charismatic, cognitively highly-developed animals, whose management conditions can vary along a “wild–captive continuum.” Several protocols have been proposed for the assessment of zoo elephants’ welfare. It is important to investigate the possible...

  5. The Effect of Visitor Number on the Behavior of Zoo-Housed Macropods

    | Contributor(s):: Meade, Jessica, Melfi, Vicky A., Keith, Melanie, Burns, Alicia L.

    Free-range exhibits are used by zoos to allow visitors to experience or interact with animals in a semi-natural setting; close interactions with animals have been shown to increase empathy and contribute to conservation outcomes, and as such zoos are increasingly implementing free-range style...

  6. Behaviour and welfare: the visitor effect in captive felids

    | Contributor(s):: Suarez, P., Recuerda, P., Arias-de-Reyna, L.

  7. The Social Rank of Zoo-Housed Japanese Macaques is a Predictor of Visitor-Directed Aggression

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jocelyn M. Woods, Stephen R. Ross, Katherine A. Cronin

    The effect that visitors have on the behavior and welfare of animals is a widely-studied topic in zoo animal welfare. Typically, these studies focus on how the presence or activity levels of visitors affect animals. However, for many species, and particularly primates, social factors, such as...

  8. Feeding Enrichment in a Captive Pack of European Wolves (Canis Lupus Lupus): Assessing the Effects on Welfare and on a Zoo's Recreational, Educational and Conservational Role

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giacomo Riggio, Chiara Mariti, Chiara Boncompagni, Simone Corosaniti, Massimiliano Di Giovanni, Asahi Ogi, Angelo Gazzano, Robert Thomas

    This study investigated the effects of two feeding enrichment programs on the behaviour of a captive pack of European wolves (Canis lupus lupus) and their correlation with both zoo visitors’ interest towards the exhibit and their overall perception of the species. Behavioural data...

  9. Looking for Visitor's Effect in Sanctuaries: Implications of Guided Visitor Groups on the Behavior of the Chimpanzees at Fundació Mona

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jana López-Álvarez, Yaiza Sanjorge, Sara Soloaga, Dietmar Crailsheim, Miquel Llorente

    The question of ‘if and how captive primates are affected by visitors’ has gained increasing attention over the last decades. Although the majority reported undesirable effects on behavior and wellbeing, many studies reported contradicting results. Most of these studies were...

  10. Multivariate Analyses of the Activity Pattern and Behavior of the Lesser Anteater on Open and Closed Days at Córdoba Zoo, Argentina

    | Contributor(s):: Chiapero, Florencia, Ferrari, Héctor Ricardo, Prieto, María Valentina, Capocasa, María Constanza García, Busso, Juan Manuel

  11. Human–Ape Interactions in a Zoo Setting: Gorillas and Orangutans Modify Their Behavior Depending upon Human Familiarity

    | Contributor(s):: Pedersen, Janni, Sorensen, Kathryn, Lupo, Brian, Marx, Laura

    Understanding how human presence influences animal behavior, specifically the behavior of nonhuman primates, has important implications for methodology in cognitive and behavioral studies, for our understanding of human–animal relationships and for animal welfare in captive settings. Conducted in...

  12. Visitor Perceptions of Captive, Endangered Barbary Macaques (Macaca sylvanus) Used as Photo Props in Jemaa El Fna Square, Marrakech, Morocco

    | Contributor(s):: Stazaker, Kristina, Mackinnon, Jay

    Visitors to Jemaa El Fna Square can pay to have their photograph taken with Barbary macaques. Our aim was to characterize visitors’ perceptions of such photo props, enabling demand-reducing interventions to be targeted appropriately and destination managers to maintain or enhance the visitor...

  13. Visitor Perceptions of Nature Conservation at Helsinki Zoo

    | Contributor(s):: Ojalammi, Sanna, Nygren, Nina V.

    These days zoos often claim that their main objective is the promotion of nature conservation and that they strive to educate their visitors about animals and nature conservation. But how do zoo visitors themselves perceive this emphasis on conservation education? In order to determine how...

  14. Food for Thought: Assessing Visitor Comfort and Attitudes toward Carcass Feeding at the ABQ BioPark Zoo

    | Contributor(s):: Roth, Ellen K., Visscher, Nick C., Ha, Renee Robinette

    Enrichment is a key to keeping animals in zoos healthy and stimulated. For carnivores, the practice of feeding vertebrate animal carcasses, like those of goats or deer, or whole body prey animals like chickens or rabbits, can be an effective form of enrichment. While it is beneficial for animal...

  15. The visitor effect in petting zoo-housed animals: Aversive or enriching?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Farrand, Alexandra, Hosey, Geoff, Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M.

    Two studies were carried out on the effect of visitors on mixed-breed goats, llama, and Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs housed in a petting zoo display within a safari park. In the first study we investigated the effect of the presence and density of visitors on the animals’ behaviour and in...

  16. Number of nearby visitors and noise level affect vigilance in captive koalas

    | Contributor(s):: Larsen, Megan J., Sherwen, Sally L., Rault, Jean-Loup

    Understanding human-animal interactions is particularly important for institutions that display animals to the public due to the frequent, and sometimes intense, interactions with unfamiliar humans. Past research has shown that visitors can have a negative impact on the welfare of a wide range of...

  17. A multi-enclosure study investigating the behavioural response of meerkats to zoo visitors

    | Contributor(s):: Sherwen, Sally L., Magrath, Michael J. L., Butler, Kym L., Phillips, Clive J. C., Hemsworth, Paul H.

    The scientific literature indicates that visitors may affect both the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals. Captive born slender-tailed meerkats, Suricata suricatta, at three exhibits were studied under two treatments (1) unregulated visitor behaviour and (2) regulated visitor behaviour, where...

  18. Visitor effects on zoo orangutans in two novel, naturalistic enclosures

    | Contributor(s):: Choo, Yuanting, Todd, Peter Alan, Li, Daiqin

    Visitors are known to affect zoo animals, and such effects may be stressful, neutral, or enriching. The majority of research has focused on visitor number or visitor presence–absence, yet few studies have examined effects of other variables such as sound volume, visitor activity, and whether...

  19. The Effect of Behind-The-Scenes Encounters and Interactive Presentations on the Welfare of Captive Servals (Leptailurus serval)

    | Contributor(s):: Acaralp-Rehnberg, L. K., Coleman, G. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Melfi, V., Fanson, K. V., Bland, I. M.

    The serval (Leptailurus serval) is a small African felid that is well represented in zoos and often serves as an animal ambassador in encounter programs with zoo visitors. The impact on serval welfare in relation to such programs has not been investigated to date, and the aim of this study was to...

  20. Visitor effects on zoo-housed Sulawesi crested macaque (Macaca nigra) behaviour: Can signs with ‘watching eyes’ requesting quietness help?

    | Contributor(s):: Dancer, Alice M. M., Burn, Charlotte C.

    Visiting public can cause changes in the behaviour of zoo-housed primates. These effects, if indicative of stress, can be of welfare concern. However, few options to mitigate visitor effects through modulating visitor behaviour have been explored. Here we evaluated the effects of visitor number...