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  1. Prophecies of Palestine: Geology and Intimate Knowledge of the Subterranean

    Contributor(s):: Assali, Hadeel

  2. Awareness concerning optimal pig production management and animal welfare among smallholder farmers in Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Braae, U. C., Penrith, M. L., Ngowi, H. A., Lekule, F., Johansen, M. V.

  3. The effects of feeding space on the behavioural responses of cattle during rest periods offered as part of long-distance transportation

    Contributor(s):: Ross, M., Widowski, T. M., Haley, D. B.

  4. The concept of behavioural needs in contemporary fur science: do we know what American mink (Mustela vison) really need?

    Contributor(s):: Kornum, A. L., Rocklinsberg, H., Gjerris, M.

  5. The welfare of ducks during foie gras production

    Contributor(s):: Rochlitz, I., Broom, D. M.

  6. Effects of short-term exposure to drinking water contaminated with manure on water and feed intake, production and lying behaviour in dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Schütz, Karin E., Huddart, Frances J., Cox, Neil R.

  7. Small Ruminants: Farmers' Hope in a World Threatened by Water Scarcity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Oluwakamisi F. Akinmoladun, Voster Muchenje, Fabian N. Fon, Conference T. Mpendulo

    The availability and sustainability of suitable and good quality drinking water is a global concern. Such uncertainties threaten livestock production with an attendant ripple effect on food security. Small ruminants, including sheep and goats, appear to be promising to smallholder farmers in...

  8. The role of ecosystems in mitigation and management of Covid-19 and other zoonoses

    | Contributor(s):: Everard, M., Johnston, P., Santillo, D., Staddon, C.

  9. Designing Better Water Troughs: Does Trough Color Influence Dairy Cows’ Preference?

    | Contributor(s):: Teixeira, Dayane Lemos, Hötzel, Maria José, Filho, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado, Cazale, José Daniel, Enríquez-Hidalgo, Daniel

    Eighteen lactating dairy cows were used to elucidate their preference for green, grey, or red troughs. The herd was managed under a rotational grazing system with ad-libitum access to water until 11:30 h. For 9 days, all cows were tested individually following the afternoon milking. Cows drank...

  10. Out of sight or in too deep: Effect of visual barriers and water depth on agonistic behaviour and growth in hatchling saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus)

    | Contributor(s):: Brien, Matthew L., Gienger, Christopher M., Webb, Grahame J., McGuinness, Keith, Christian, Keith A.

    This study tests the role of visual barriers and water depth on levels of agonistic behaviour and growth in hatchling Crocodylus porosus within the first 3 weeks of life. Ninety-six individuals from four separate clutches hatched over 2 days were divided across three treatments containing two...

  11. Drinking behaviour in sows kept outdoors during the winter months

    | Contributor(s):: Andersen, Heidi Mai-Lis, Pedersen, Lene Juul

    In the light of the EU regulation, “pigs must have permanent access to a sufficient quantity of fresh water” and the practical problems it provides farmers during winter to keep water free of ice, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of periods with frost on the diurnal pattern...

  12. Does water or blowing air stimulate cows to defecate?

    | Contributor(s):: Robichaud, Marianne Villettaz, de Passillé, Anne Marie, Rushen, Jeffrey

    Manure is an important cause of dirtiness and disease for cows and can affect milk quality and human health. The aim of this study was to test whether we could stimulate cows to defecate at a particular location in order to reduce the spread of manure. A series of four tests with 12 lactating...

  13. Preferences for overhead sprinklers by naïve beef steers: Test of two nozzle types

    | Contributor(s):: Parola, Fabia, Hillmann, Edna, Schütz, Karin E., Tucker, Cassandra B.

    Sprinklers effectively reduce heat load in cattle. In some studies, however, cattle readily use sprinklers, while others find that they either avoid or show no preference for it. These studies differ in many ways including previous experience of the animals and the amount of water delivered. Our...

  14. Effects of social dominance, water trough location and shade availability on drinking behaviour of cows on pasture

    | Contributor(s):: Coimbra, Paula Araujo Dias, Machado Filho, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro, Hötzel, Maria José

    The effects of water trough location and presence of shade on the behaviour of cows on pasture were investigated. The impact of social hierarchy on cows’ use of shade and the water trough was also investigated. Thirty two non-pregnant dry cows were randomly divided in four groups in a 4×4 Latin...

  15. Effect of water depth on pool choice and bathing behaviour in commercial Pekin ducks

    | Contributor(s):: Liste, Guiomar, Kirkden, Richard D., Broom, Donald Maurice

    Pekin ducks (Anas platyrhynchos domestica) are raised for meat, often in indoor intensive systems. Research into the welfare of intensively reared ducks makes clear the importance of access to bathing water. Most researchers agree that bathing behaviours such as preening are important; however,...

  16. Does access to open water affect the behaviour of Pekin ducks (Anas platyrhynchos)?

    | Contributor(s):: O’Driscoll, Keelin Katherine Mary, Broom, Donald Maurice

    Ducks show a wide range of water-related behaviours but commercial production often involves access to water that allows drinking only. In this study we evaluated effects of four water resource (WR) treatments on water related behaviours of Pekin ducks. Ducks (n=2800) were kept in one of four...

  17. Does access to open water affect the behaviour of Pekin ducks (Anas platyrhynchos)?

    | Contributor(s):: O’Driscoll, Keelin Katherine Mary, Broom, Donald Maurice

    Ducks show a wide range of water-related behaviours but commercial production often involves access to water that allows drinking only. In this study we evaluated effects of four water resource (WR) treatments on water related behaviours of Pekin ducks. Ducks (n=2800) were kept in one of four...

  18. A novel emotional and cognitive approach to welfare phenotyping in rainbow trout exposed to poor water quality

    | Contributor(s):: Colson, V., Mure, A., Valotaire, C., Le Calvez, J. M., Goardon, L., Labbé, L., Leguen, I., Prunet, P.

    Recent scientific evidence for fish sentience has stressed the need for novel sentience-based detection tools of fish welfare impairment in commercial farms. In order to mimic a well-characterised stress situation, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to poor water quality (hypoxia...

  19. Sprinkler flow rate affects dairy cattle avoidance of spray to the head, but not overall, in an aversion race

    | Contributor(s):: Chen, Jennifer M., Schütz, Karin E., Tucker, Cassandra B.

    Spraying cattle with water elicits behavioral responses ranging from willing use to avoidance of wetting the head or entire body. This variation may be partly explained by sprinkler flow rate, as higher flow rates result in greater heat abatement and spray impact. An aversion race can be used to...

  20. Sentinel Animals in a One Health Approach to Harmful Cyanobacterial and Algal Blooms

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lorraine C. Backer, Melissa Miller

    People, domestic animals, and wildlife are all exposed to numerous environmental threats, including harmful algal blooms (HABs). However, because animals exhibit wide variations in diet, land use and biology, they are often more frequently or heavily exposed to HAB toxins than are people...