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  1. A "One Health" Approach to Address Emerging Zoonoses: The HALI Project in Tanzania

    Contributor(s):: Jonna A. K. Mazet, Deana L. Clifford, Peter B. Coppolillo, Anil B. Deolalikar, Jon D. Erickson, Rudovick R. Kazwala

    Every day thousands of children and adults die from underdiagnosed diseases that have arisen at the human–animal–environment interface, especially diarrheal and respiratory diseases in developing countries. Explosive human population growth and environmental changes have resulted...

  2. A note on piglets' preferences for drinker types at two weaning ages

    | Contributor(s):: Torrey, S., Widowski, T. M.

    Piglets weaned younger than 3 weeks of age often exhibit excessive amounts of drinking behaviour compared to pigs weaned at later ages. Piglets of different ages may be attracted to different drinking devices because of the oral motor patterns used for drinking from them or because they provide...

  3. A note on the preference of naive horses for different water bowls

    | Contributor(s):: Krawczel, P. D., Friend, T. H., Johnson, R.

    The aim of this study was to determine which of four different models of automatic waterbowls naive horses prefer. Two groups of horses (n=8 and 11, respectively) and three individual horses were used to determine the percentage of daily water consumption from two float valve (Lister SB NT 100,...

  4. A novel emotional and cognitive approach to welfare phenotyping in rainbow trout exposed to poor water quality

    | Contributor(s):: Colson, V., Mure, A., Valotaire, C., Le Calvez, J. M., Goardon, L., Labbé, L., Leguen, I., Prunet, P.

    Recent scientific evidence for fish sentience has stressed the need for novel sentience-based detection tools of fish welfare impairment in commercial farms. In order to mimic a well-characterised stress situation, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to poor water quality (hypoxia...

  5. A preliminary study on the utilization of an onboard watering system by horses during commercial transport

    | Contributor(s):: Iacono, C. M., Friend, T. H., Johnson, R. D., Krawczel, P. D., Archer, G. S.

    This study determined if slaughter horses would drink from an onboard watering system in a commercial semi-trailer, provided an estimate of how long water needed to be available, and determined if water consumption reduced weight loss. Three shipments to either Fort Worth or Morton, Texas of...

  6. America's healthiest 100

  7. Amounts of pesticides reaching target pests: environmental impacts and ethics

    | Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.

    An examination of published work on arthropod pests, pathogens and weeds of crops indicated that less than 0.1% of pesticides applied for pest control reach their target pests. Thus, more than 99.9% of pesticides used move into the environment where they adversely affect public health and...

  8. Animal welfare and organic aquaculture in open systems

    | Contributor(s):: Cottee, S. Y., Petersan, P.

    The principles of organic farming espouse a holistic approach to agriculture that promotes sustainable and harmonious relationships amongst the natural environment, plants and animals, as well as regard for animals' physiological and behavioral needs. However, open aquaculture systems - both...

  9. Animal welfare: European legislation and future perspectives

    | Contributor(s):: Bonafos, L., Simonin, D., Gavinelli, A.

  10. Anticipatory behaviour and stereotypical behaviour in farmed mink ( Mustela vison ) in the presence, absence and after the removal of swimming water

    | Contributor(s):: Vinke, C. M., Houx, B. B., Bos, R. van den, Spruijt, B. M.

    Captive animals are often provided with cage enrichments in order to improve their welfare. Swimming water is an often-discussed requirement for farmed mink. The present study aimed to give insight into the value of swimming water for farmed mink by measuring anticipatory and stereotypical...

  11. Are intensive agricultural practices environmentally and ethically sound?

    | Contributor(s):: Lal, R., Miller, F. P., Logan, T. J.

    Improper soil management and indiscriminate use of chemicals have contributed to some severe global environmental issues, e.g., volatilization losses and contamination of natural waters by sediments and agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. The increasing substitution of energy for labour and...

  12. Assessment of different stunning methods and recovery of farmed Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar ): isoeugenol, nitrogen and three levels of carbon dioxide

    | Contributor(s):: Erikson, U.

    Isoeugenol (17 mg AQUI-STM L-1), nitrogen, and three levels of carbon dioxide (low: 70-80, medium: 180-250 and high: >400 mg CO2 L-1) were tested as stunning agents for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fasted for six days. All methods were tested under optimised conditions (starting with rested...

  13. Avian vacuolar myelinopathy: a newly recognized fatal neurological disease of eagles, waterfowl and other birds

    | Contributor(s):: John R. Fischer, Lynn A. Lewis, Tom Augspurger, Tonie E. Rocke

    Since 1994, wildlife biologists and wildlife health specialists have worked to determine the cause of avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM), a neurologic disease of bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and other birds. The causes of morbidity and mortality in wildlife typically are determined...

  14. Awareness concerning optimal pig production management and animal welfare among smallholder farmers in Tanzania

    | Contributor(s):: Braae, U. C., Penrith, M. L., Ngowi, H. A., Lekule, F., Johansen, M. V.

  15. Behaviour and thermogenesis of racing pigeons housed under transport conditions

    | Contributor(s):: Gorssen, J., Koene, P.

    Behaviour and thermogenesis of homing pigeons (Columba livia) in crowded transport conditions were studied in 2 experiments. Both experiments were designed on a 2-way factorial basis and measurements and observations were taken from groups of 8 birds. In the first experiment, temperature (26...

  16. Behaviour of juvenile mud crabs Scylla serrata in aquaculture: response to odours of moulting or injured crabs

    | Contributor(s):: Wall, D., Paterson, B., Mohan, R.

    Behaviour of juvenile mud crabs, Scylla serrata (70–90 mm carapace width, CW) were observed in response to odours of moulting and injured conspecifics and food (pilchard) under controlled flow conditions using bioassay technique. This study was undertaken to better...

  17. Behaviour, synchrony and welfare of Pekin ducks in relation to water use

    | Contributor(s):: Waitt, C., Jones, T., Dawkins, M. S.

    The method of providing bathing water to commercially farmed ducks presents potential logistic, welfare and health issues. Welfare may be compromised if ducks do not have access to water in which they can at least dip their heads and spread water over their feathers. However maintaining hygiene...

  18. Burdizzo castration of calves less than 1-week old with and without local anaesthesia: short-term behavioural responses and plasma cortisol levels

    | Contributor(s):: Boesch, D., Steiner, A., Gygax, L., Stauffacher, M.

    Castration of calves over 3 weeks of age is considered a painful procedure. It is less clear whether and how much pain is caused by this procedure in very young calves. The aim of the present study was to determine the short-term pain response of 30 calves less than 1-week of age to Burdizzo...

  19. Cattle grazing behavior with season-long free-choice access to four forage types

    | Contributor(s):: Fehmi, J. S., Karn, J. F., Ries, R. E., Hendrickson, J. R., Hanson, J. D.

    This experiment investigated how season-long, free-choice grazing affected weekly cattle grazing behaviour and resource use. Our objectives were to determine if known forage preferences change through the season, if feedbacks from previous grazing intensity affect current use, and if resources...

  20. Circadian drinking during ad libitum and restricted feeding in pygmy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Rossi, R., Prete, E. del, Rokitzky, J., Scharrer, E.

    Eating and drinking of 8 pygmy goats, 3-8 years old, 30-42 kg liveweight, were recorded during ad libitum and restricted feeding conditions. During ad libitum conditions, water and feed intake occurred throughout the day with a circadian distribution of feed and water intake showing peaks at the...