Dog owners are more likely to meet physical activity guidelines than people without a dog: An investigation of the association between dog ownership and physical activity levels in a UK community
| Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Robert M. Christley, Christopher Jewell, Alexander J.German, Lynne M. Boddy, Hayley E. Christian
Previous research suggests that dog owners are slightly more physically active than those without dogs, but have only studied one household member, and it is unclear whether time spent dog walking replaces other physical activity (PA). A survey of 191 dog owning adults (DO), 455 non-dog owning...
Comparison of the effects of weaning and castration when conducted separately or in combination on the behaviour of crossbred beef cattle
| Contributor(s):: Lambertz, Christian, Farke-Röver, Antje, Moors, Eva, Gauly, Matthias
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the behavioural effects of Burdizzo castration of crossbred beef calves when weaned and castrated separately (castrated 8 weeks after weaning) or in combination. Over two consecutive years a total of 111 Limousin×Simmental male calves were...
The effect of dark brooders on feather pecking on commercial farms
| Contributor(s):: Gilani, Anne-Marie, Knowles, Toby G., Nicol, Christine J.
Commercial laying hen chicks experience continuous light for up to 24h/day in the first week of life. Under these conditions, active chicks disturb, and may direct feather pecks towards resting ones. Previous experimental work with small groups showed that both problems were reduced in chicks...
Using research on self-regulation to understand and tackle the challenges that owners face helping their (overweight) dogs lose weight
| Contributor(s):: Webb, T. L., Krasuska, M., Toth, Z., du Plessis, H. R., Colliard, L.
BIOMECHANICS OF THERAPEUTIC RIDING DURING THE DISEASES OF I-II DEGREE DYSPLASTIC LUMBAR AND STATIC (SHORT LEG) SCOLIOSIS
| Contributor(s):: Sheshaberidze, E., Merabishvili, I., Loria, M.
Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team
| Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.
Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...
"Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving
| Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...
One Health Solutions to Obesity in People and Their Pets
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| Contributor(s):: J. Bartges, R. F. Kushner, K. E. Michel, R. Sallis, M. J. Day
Despite the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in the human and companion animal populations, and the global trends for increasing numbers of affected people and pets, there are few successful interventions that are proven to combat this complex multifactorial problem.One key strategy...
Obesity and Associated Comorbidities in People and Companion Animals: A One Health Perspective
| Contributor(s):: M. Chandler, S. Cunningham, E. M. Lund, C. Khanna, R. Naramore, A. Patel, M. J. Day
This article reviews the biology, prevalence and risks for obesity in people and companion dogs and cats, and explores the links between obesity and diabetes mellitus and cancer across these species. Obesity is a major healthcare problem in both human and veterinary medicine and there is an...
One Health Approach to Preventing Obesity in People and Their Pets
| Contributor(s):: M. J. Day
One of the most significant healthcare issues facing the human population, and shared by small companion animals (i.e. pet dogs and cats), is the growing problem of obesity. A recent analysis of global human obesity evaluated data from 19.2 million people in 200 countries over a 40-year period....
Associations between milk intake and activity in the first days of a calf's life and later growth and health
| Contributor(s):: de Passillé, Anne Marie, Rabeyrin, Marine, Rushen, Jeffrey
We examined whether calves' milk intake and activity in the days after birth predict later growth and the risk of illness. Female Holstein calves ( n=130) were housed in individual pens where they were allowed ad libitum milk from birth to 5 days of age. Daily milk intakes were recorded and...
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Get Slim with Your Pet
| Contributor(s):: Barrie, Leslie
The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves
| Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...
Feeding behavior and the effect of photoperiod on the performance and hematological parameters of the pacama catfish ( Lophiosilurus alexandri)
| Contributor(s):: Kitagawa, A. T., Costa, L. S., Paulino, R. R., Luz, R. K., Rosa, P. V., Guerra-Santos, B., Fortes-Silva, R.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the rhythms of feeding and locomotor activity, the ability to synchronize to a fixed feeding time, and the influence of photoperiod on the growth parameters, feed intake and hematological parameters of a recently introduced fish in freshwater Brazilian...
Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing
| Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.
Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...
Understanding feeding patterns in growing pigs by modelling growth and motivation
| Contributor(s):: Boumans, I. J. M. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Hofstede, G. J., Boer, I. J. M. de
Feeding is an essential behaviour for body maintenance in pigs and closely related to their growth and productivity performance. Mechanisms underlying feeding behaviour in pigs are still unclear. Understanding these mechanisms can provide valuable insights into the complex interactions among...
Functional Pet Treats
Manage your pup's pudge
Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality
| Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.
An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...