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  1. Comparison of nicarbazin absorption in chickens, mallards, and Canada geese

    Contributor(s):: C. A. Yoder, L. A. Miller, K. S. Bynum

    Nicarbazin (NCZ), a coccidiostat commonly used in the poultry industry, causes reduced hatchability and egg quality in layer hens at a concentration of 125 ppm (8.4 mg/kg) in the feed. Although this effect is undesirable in the poultry industry, NCZ could provide a useful wildlife contraception...

  2. "Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving

    Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.

    Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...

  3. 'subordination style' in pigs? The response of pregnant sows to mixing stress affects their offspring's behaviour and stress reactivity

    Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., D'Eath, R. B., Robson, S. K., Baxter, E. M., Ormandy, E., Douglas, A. J., Russell, J. A., Lawrence, A. B., Jarvis, S.

    In various mammals stress during gestation can result in long term effects on the behaviour and physiology of the offspring. The aims of this study were (i) to characterise individual variation among primiparous sows (gilts) in their behavioural and physiological response to a commercially...

  4. 2008 SNRS abstracts -- C

  5. A hippotherapy simulator is effective to shift weight bearing toward the affected side during gait in patients with stroke

    Contributor(s):: Sung, Y. H., Kim, C. J., Yu, B. K., Kim, K. M.

  6. A preliminary study on the utilization of an onboard watering system by horses during commercial transport

    Contributor(s):: Iacono, C. M., Friend, T. H., Johnson, R. D., Krawczel, P. D., Archer, G. S.

    This study determined if slaughter horses would drink from an onboard watering system in a commercial semi-trailer, provided an estimate of how long water needed to be available, and determined if water consumption reduced weight loss. Three shipments to either Fort Worth or Morton, Texas of...

  7. Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning

    Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...

  8. Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance

    Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...

  9. Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Muelleder, C., Absmanner, E., Kahrer, E., Zeiner, H., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Stanek, C., Troxler, J.

  10. America's healthiest 100

  11. An evaluation of dirlotapide to reduce body weight of client-owned dogs in two placebo-controlled clinical studies in Europe

    Contributor(s):: Gossellin, J., McKelvie, J., Sherington, J., Wren, J. A., Eagleson, J. S., Rowan, T. G., Sunderland, S. J.

  12. An exploratory study on the effects of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates

    Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Renders, L., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Driessen, B.

    The effect of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates was investigated to determine the extent to which the provision of small quantities of straw has an influence on both sows and piglets. Sows and suckling piglets are often housed in barren environments with limited opportunities to show behavior...

  13. Animal housing and welfare: effects of housing conditions on body weight and cortisol in a medium-sized rodent ( Cavia aperea)

    Contributor(s):: Schumann, K., Guenther, A., Jewgenow, K., Trillmich, F.

    Rodents are the most abundant experimental nonhuman animals and are commonly studied under standard laboratory housing conditions. As housing conditions affect animals' physiology and behavior, this study investigated the effects of indoor and outdoor housing conditions on body weight and...

  14. Animal welfare - scientific approaches to the issues

    Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is of significant public interest, globally and within the United States. Value-based judgments are intrinsic to animal welfare assessment, according to the relative weighting of factors associated with animal performance, health, affective states, and natural living. The...

  15. Animal-assisted therapy and nutrition in Alzheimer's disease

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nancy Edwards, Alan M. Beck

    This study examined the influence of animal-assisted therapy, specifically fish aquariums, on nutritional intake in individuals with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Sixty-two individuals with AD who lived in specialized units were studied. Baseline nutritional data were obtained followed by a...

  16. Associations between milk intake and activity in the first days of a calf's life and later growth and health

    | Contributor(s):: de Passillé, Anne Marie, Rabeyrin, Marine, Rushen, Jeffrey

    We examined whether calves' milk intake and activity in the days after birth predict later growth and the risk of illness. Female Holstein calves ( n=130) were housed in individual pens where they were allowed ad libitum milk from birth to 5 days of age. Daily milk intakes were recorded and...

  17. Behaviour and performance of pigs finished on deep bedding with wood shavings or rice husks in summer

    | Contributor(s):: Hotzel, M. J., Lopes, E. J. C., Oliveira, P. A. V. de, Guidoni, A. L.

    Concern that excessive temperatures arising from substrate fermentation could have a deleterious effect on voluntary feed intake and weight gain, especially during the hottest times of the year, might be a barrier to the widespread adoption of deep-bedding systems for pig production in Brazil....

  18. Behaviour and weight changes at weaning and regrouping of pigs in relation to teat quality

    | Contributor(s):: Algers, B., Jensen, P., Steinwall, L.

    The relation between body weight and behaviour at weaning and regrouping was investigated in 101 crossbred piglets from birth to 9 weeks old. Weaning and regrouping was performed at weeks 6 and 7, respectively and recorded on video. Weaning and regrouping increased the frequencies of eating,...

  19. Behaviour of golden hamsters ( Mesocricetus auratus ) kept in four different cage sizes

    | Contributor(s):: Fischer, K., Gebhardt-Henrich, S. G., Steiger, A.

    Cages for laboratory and pet hamsters are usually small. Using video recordings, the behaviour of sixty female golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus), housed individually in four different cage sizes, was compared in order to draw conclusions about their welfare. The cage sizes were 1,800 cm2,...

  20. Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing

    | Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.

    Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...