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  1. Behaviour of golden hamsters ( Mesocricetus auratus ) kept in four different cage sizes

    Contributor(s):: Fischer, K., Gebhardt-Henrich, S. G., Steiger, A.

    Cages for laboratory and pet hamsters are usually small. Using video recordings, the behaviour of sixty female golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus), housed individually in four different cage sizes, was compared in order to draw conclusions about their welfare. The cage sizes were 1,800 cm2,...

  2. COWEL: a decision support system to assess welfare of husbandry systems for dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Ursinus, W. W., Schepers, F., Mol, R. M. de, Bracke, M. B. M., Metz, J. H. M., Koerkamp, P. W. G. G.

    Animals have various behavioural and physiological needs that are important for welfare. Fulfilment of these needs depends on the quality of housing, management and animal characteristics. The objective of this study was to develop a model to assign welfare scores to husbandry systems for dairy...

  3. Effects of winter housing, exercise, and dietary treatments on the behaviour and welfare of red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) hinds

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P.

    Behaviour, productivity, skin damage and adrenal response to ACTH challenge were measured in 6 groups of 8 weaner hinds over 91 days from June to September 1990 (winter) in Otago, New Zealand. The hinds were confined either indoors (I), indoors with daily exercise (IE) or outdoors (2 groups per...

  4. Enriching the metabolic cage: effects on rat physiology and behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Sorensen, D. B., Mortensen, K., Bertelsen, T., Vognbjerg, K.

    Metabolic cages are used for housing rats and mice for up to five days for collection of urine and/or faeces. The small, barren area of the metabolic cage compromises animal welfare as the animals lack a solid floor, shelter, nest material and social contact. We constructed and tested a...

  5. Environmental enrichment for captive Eastern blue-tongue lizards ( Tiliqua scincoides )

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Jiang, Z., Hatton, A. J., Tribe, A., Bouar, M. le, Guerlin, M., Murray, P. J.

    Eastern blue-tongue lizards (Tiliqua scincoides) are kept in zoos and increasingly commonly as exotic pets, but little is known about improving their welfare by enrichment of their environment. Using nine animals kept individually in cages provided with a brick for basking and a pipe for hiding,...

  6. Review of wallowing in pigs: implications for animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M., Spoolder, H.

    Most modern production systems, especially in temperate climates, do not offer wallowing facilities to pigs and, to date, this has neither generated much concern in welfare science nor public debate on pig welfare. Nevertheless, wallowing is a natural behaviour of pigs which may be important to...

  7. RICHPIG: a semantic model to assess enrichment materials for pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    A computer-based model was constructed to assess enrichment materials (EMats) for intensively-farmed weaned, growing and fattening pigs on a scale from 0 to 10. This model, called RICHPIG, was constructed in order to support the further implementation of EC Directive 2001/93/EC, which states that...

  8. Walk a Hound, Lose a Pound: How you and your dog can lose weight, stay fit, and have fun together

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Phil Zeltzman, Rebecca A Johnson, Alan M. Beck

    A dog is an ideal workout partner: always supportive, happy to go for a walk, and never judgmental. When people and dogs exercise together, fitness and health happen on both ends of the leash. As the obesity epidemic spreads, 70 percent of Americans and 50 percent of dogs are overweight or...