Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality
Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.
An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...
High Technology Coming to a Nursing Home Near You
Contributor(s):: Morley, J. E.
Early human handling in non-weaned piglets: effects on behaviour and body weight
Contributor(s):: Oliveira, D. de, Costa, M. J. R. P. da, Zupan, M., Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.
Early handling of animals including tactile stimulation (TS) has been shown to have beneficial effects on the physical and psychological development of species where considerable maternal interaction, e.g. in the form of licking, already occurs. But little is known about the magnitude of these...
Effect of pre- and post-partum sow activity on maternal behaviour and piglet weight gain 24 h after birth
Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Chaloupkova, H., Neuhauserova, K.
Within the 24 h prior to parturition sows are active and motivated to perform nest-building behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether pre-partum activity (e.g. nesting and postural changes) could predict maternal behaviour 24 h post-partum (pp) and weight gain 24 h pp, and...
Animal housing and welfare: effects of housing conditions on body weight and cortisol in a medium-sized rodent ( Cavia aperea)
Contributor(s):: Schumann, K., Guenther, A., Jewgenow, K., Trillmich, F.
Rodents are the most abundant experimental nonhuman animals and are commonly studied under standard laboratory housing conditions. As housing conditions affect animals' physiology and behavior, this study investigated the effects of indoor and outdoor housing conditions on body weight and...
Animal welfare - scientific approaches to the issues
Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.
Nonhuman animal welfare is of significant public interest, globally and within the United States. Value-based judgments are intrinsic to animal welfare assessment, according to the relative weighting of factors associated with animal performance, health, affective states, and natural living. The...
Handling, electric goad, and head restraint: effects on calves' behavior
Contributor(s):: Goonewardene, L. A., Price, M. A., Stookey, J. M., Day, P. A., Minchau, G.
96 weaned calves (48 bulls and 48 heifers) were allocated in a 2 x 2 x 2 arrangement to 3 treatments each with 2 levels: calves handled every 10 days or 20 days; an electric goad used or not used; and head gate restrained or not restrained. Behaviour responses were measured by 5 incremental...
Portrayals of canine obesity in English-language newspapers and in leading veterinary journals, 2000-2009: implications for animal welfare organizations and veterinarians as public educators
Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Rock, M., Teows, L.
In industrialized societies, more than 1 in 3 dogs and people currently qualify as overweight or obese. Experts in public health expect both these figures to rise. Although clinical treatment remains important, so are public perceptions and social norms. This article presents a thematic analysis...
Dairy calves' adaptation to group housing with automated feeders
Contributor(s):: Fujiwara, M., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de
Group housing of dairy calves with automated milk feeders has likely welfare and labour saving advantages but delays in the calves adapting to the feeding system may reduce these advantages. We examined factors that influence calves' adaptation to the feeders. In Exp. 1, 77 Holstein calves were...
An exploratory study on the effects of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates
Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Renders, L., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Driessen, B.
The effect of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates was investigated to determine the extent to which the provision of small quantities of straw has an influence on both sows and piglets. Sows and suckling piglets are often housed in barren environments with limited opportunities to show behavior...
Effects of pre-transport nutrient supplementation and transport duration on the post-transport blood biochemistry, bodyweight and welfare of ostriches
Contributor(s):: Bejaei, M., Bennett, D. C., Schaefer, A. L., Cheng, K. M.
There are very few abattoirs in North America that process ostriches ( Struthio camelus) which means producers are forced to transport their birds over long distances (>500 km) for processing. The objectives of this research were to investigate the effects of pre-transport nutrient...
Importance of personality traits in horses to breeders and riders
Contributor(s):: Graf, P., Borstel, U. K. von, Gauly, M.
Especially in horses, personality traits play an important role because horses' behavior influences their quality as a riding partner. In contrast to that, no objective assessment of horses' personality traits is available at present. Although initial efforts are made in this field, a successful...
A hippotherapy simulator is effective to shift weight bearing toward the affected side during gait in patients with stroke
Contributor(s):: Sung, Y. H., Kim, C. J., Yu, B. K., Kim, K. M.
Get Fit with Fido
Contributor(s):: Hunt, Alice
Short-term welfare implications of capture-mark-recapture trapping of medium-sized mammals: the brushtail possum ( Trichosurus vulpecula) as a case study
Contributor(s):: Cowan, P., Forrester, G., Warburton, B.
Shrink and mortality of beef cattle during long distance transportation
Contributor(s):: Teke, B.
What is the relationship between level of infection and 'sickness behaviour' in cattle?
Contributor(s):: Szyszka, O., Kyriazakis, I.
Chubby puppies and fat cats: Gendered deviance through overweight pets
Contributor(s):: Craven, Nena Sechler
Comparison of nicarbazin absorption in chickens, mallards, and Canada geese
Contributor(s):: C. A. Yoder, L. A. Miller, K. S. Bynum
Nicarbazin (NCZ), a coccidiostat commonly used in the poultry industry, causes reduced hatchability and egg quality in layer hens at a concentration of 125 ppm (8.4 mg/kg) in the feed. Although this effect is undesirable in the poultry industry, NCZ could provide a useful wildlife contraception...
Heart quiz that could save your life
Contributor(s):: Browder, Sue Ellin