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  1. New York City Puts Bite on Big Dogs

    Contributor(s):: Stranahan, Susan Q.

  2. Patients respond to aquariums

    Contributor(s):: Edwards, Nancy E., Beck, Alan M.

  3. Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Muelleder, C., Absmanner, E., Kahrer, E., Zeiner, H., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Stanek, C., Troxler, J.

  4. Owning the problem: media portrayals of overweight dogs and the shared determinants of the health of human and companion animal populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Rock, M.

  5. An evaluation of dirlotapide to reduce body weight of client-owned dogs in two placebo-controlled clinical studies in Europe

    | Contributor(s):: Gossellin, J., McKelvie, J., Sherington, J., Wren, J. A., Eagleson, J. S., Rowan, T. G., Sunderland, S. J.

  6. Companion dogs as weight loss partners

    | Contributor(s):: Kushner, R. F.

    This paper reviews the beneficial impact of companion dogs on social support and physical activity, and their role in obesity management.

  7. [Specific riding styles are associated with specific effects on bodily posture control]

    | Contributor(s):: Schwesig, R., Sannemuller, K., Kolditz, R., Hottenrott, K., Becker, S., Esperer, H. D.

  8. Development of a decision support system for assessing farm animal welfare in relation to husbandry systems: strategy and prototype

    | Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M., Metz, J. H. M., Dijkhuizen, A. A., Spruijt, B. M.

    Due to increasing empirical information on farm animal welfare since the 1960s, the prospects for sound decision-making concerning welfare have improved. This paper describes a strategy to develop a decision-making aid, a decision support system, for assessment of farm animal welfare based on...

  9. Cross-fostering effects on weight, exploratory activity, acoustic startle reflex and corticosterone stress response in Norway gray rats selected for elimination and for enhancement of aggressiveness towards human

    | Contributor(s):: Plyusnina, Irina Z., Oskina, Irina N., Tibeikina, Marina A., Popova, Nina K., Phillips, Tamara

  10. Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning

    | Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...

  11. Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance

    | Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...

  12. Behavioural responses of cattle to shared foraging with wild herbivores in an East African rangeland

    | Contributor(s):: Odadi, W. O., Okeyo-Owuor, J. B., Young, T. P.

    We assessed whether prior foraging by wild herbivores affected foraging behaviour of cattle in Laikipia rangeland, Kenya, during February 2001, August 2001 and February 2002. The study compared cattle bite rate, step rate and bites per step in plots exclusively accessible to cattle and those...

  13. Birth weight variation in the domestic pig: effects on offspring survival, weight gain and suckling behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Milligan, B. N., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    In domestic pigs, litter-mates often vary considerably in birth weight. To examine whether this size variation influences piglet survival, weight gain and suckling behaviour, we experimentally manipulated the number and size distribution of litter-mates in 51 litters. Litters were small (eight or...

  14. Effects of early contact between non-littermate piglets and of the complexity of farrowing conditions on social behaviour and weight gain

    | Contributor(s):: Kutzer, T., Bunger, B., Kjaer, J. B., Schrader, L.

    In this study we tested if contact possibilities between non-littermate piglets and complexity of farrowing conditions affect the pre- and post-weaning behaviour, weight gain and skin lesions of piglets. Suckling sows were either kept in a group housing system (GH), in a single pen loose housing...

  15. Influence of artificial vs. mother-bonded rearing on sucking behaviour, health and weight gain in calves

    | Contributor(s):: Roth, B. A., Barth, K., Gygax, L., Hillmann, E.

    In artificial rearing, calves are often fed via an automatic milk feeder and have no opportunity to perform natural sucking behaviour. The majority of these calves show abnormal oral behaviours (e.g. cross-sucking). Furthermore, diseases are also a main problem in artificial rearing of calves,...

  16. Influence of post-calving regrouping strategy on welfare and performance parameters in dairy heifers

    | Contributor(s):: O'Connell, N. E., Wicks, H. C. F., Carson, A. F., McCoy, M. A.

    Thirty-six Holstein Friesian heifers (dairy herd replacements) were assigned to one of three regrouping treatments during the post-calving period. In Treatment 1, heifers were introduced individually to an established group of cows and heifers within 24 h of calving ('Single - day 1'). In...

  17. Partial tooth-clipping of suckling pigs: effects on neonatal competition and facial injuries

    | Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Fraser, D.

    Two experiments investigated the effects on facial injury and piglet performance of partial clipping of needle teeth, whereby only the distal third of the tooth is removed. In experiment 1, teeth were partially clipped, fully clipped to the gum line, or left intact. All piglets of a litter...

  18. Preference testing in intensively kept meat production rabbits for straw on wire grid floor

    | Contributor(s):: Morisse, J. P., Boilletot, E., Martrenchar, A.

    384 hybrid commercial breed rabbits were assigned to 16 pens of 1.6 msuperscript 2 (15 rabbits/msuperscript 2). Eight pens used as controls had an all-wire floor, while in 8 other pens, rabbits could choose between a wire floor or a deep litter topped up once a week and completely replaced once...

  19. Social network analysis of behavioural interactions influencing fin damage development in Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar ) during feed-restriction

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, H. A. C., Hansen, L. A., Noble, C., Damsgard, B., Broom, D. M., Pearce, G. P.

    The role of behavioural interactions in the development of fin damage amongst Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) undergoing feed-restriction was investigated using social network analysis. Dorsal fin damage, particularly erosion, was seen only in groups subjected to feed-restriction. The amount of...

  20. The relationships between temperament during routine handling tasks, weight gain and facial hair whorl position in frequently handled beef cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Olmos, G., Turner, S. P.

    A relationship has been described between facial hair whorl position and temperament in infrequently handled beef cattle when both traits were measured on categorical scales. Hair whorl position has also been found to relate to daily weight gain in dairy heifers. Using both a categorical scale...