'subordination style' in pigs? The response of pregnant sows to mixing stress affects their offspring's behaviour and stress reactivity
Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., D'Eath, R. B., Robson, S. K., Baxter, E. M., Ormandy, E., Douglas, A. J., Russell, J. A., Lawrence, A. B., Jarvis, S.
In various mammals stress during gestation can result in long term effects on the behaviour and physiology of the offspring. The aims of this study were (i) to characterise individual variation among primiparous sows (gilts) in their behavioural and physiological response to a commercially...
Effects of sex, litter size and periconceptional ewe nutrition on the ewe-lamb bond
Contributor(s):: Hernandez, C. E., Matthews, L. R., Oliver, M. H., Bloomfield, F. H., Harding, J. E.
Undernutrition restricted to the time around conception in sheep alters endocrine and metabolic responses in the offspring. Studies in rats suggest that such an early insult can also alter the behaviour of the offspring. We studied the effects of mild maternal periconceptional undernutrition...
Effects of social learning on foraging behaviour and live weight gain in first-season grazing calves
Contributor(s):: Hessle, A. K.
When livestock are turned out to semi-natural grasslands, an effective onset of grazing is important both for animal productivity and for defoliation of the sward, which preserve the biodiversity of the vegetation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether foraging behaviour of naive...
Maternal protective behaviour of German Angus and Simmental beef cattle after parturition and its relation to production traits
Contributor(s):: Hoppe, S., Brandt, H. R., Erhardt, G., Gauly, M.
A total of 390 German Angus (Aberdeen Angus x German dual-purpose breeds) and Simmental cows were tested in seven consecutive years (2000-2006) for maternal protective behaviour which was assessed by categorizing behavioural response of the dams during earmarking their calves. The test was...
Risk factors for dog bites to owners in a general veterinary caseload
Contributor(s):: Guy, N. C., Luescher, U. A., Dohoo, S. E., Spangler, E., Miller, J. B., Dohoo, I. R., Bate, L. A.
A detailed telephone survey of dog owners was undertaken in 1996 to determine the risk factors for biting behaviour of dogs in a household setting. Individuals were selected from a cross-sectional population of veterinary clientele in the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and...
The effect of moderate exercise on growth and aggression depending on social rank in groups of Arctic charr ( Salvelinus alpinus L.)
Contributor(s):: Brannas, E.
Several studies have shown that prolonged moderate exercise improve conditions for the farming of salmonids, by reducing aggressive interactions and resulting in enhanced growth and reduced size variation. The present study focuses on the effect of forced moderate exercise on growth and...
Variation in behavioural responses of ewes towards predator-related stimuli
Contributor(s):: Hansen, I., Christiansen, F., Hansen, H. S., Braastad, B., Bakken, M.
Thirty-two groups of six sheep, classified into three breed categories according to their weight class (L: light, one breed (n=7); M: medium light, two breeds (n=10); H: heavy, three breeds (n=15)) were tested for antipredatory behaviour towards seven stimulus regimes. Tests were performed on...
Piglets' weaning behavioural response is influenced by quality of human-animal interactions during suckling
Contributor(s):: Sommavilla, R., Hotzel, M. J., Costa, O. A. D.
The relationship between farmers' attitude and behaviour towards calves, and productivity of veal units
Contributor(s):: Lensink, J., Boissy, A., Veissier, I.
Although veal production is highly standardized, there still remains variability in productivity between farms, which might be due to the farmers' behaviour towards their animals, which in turn depends on their attitude towards animals. 50 affiliated with the same veal company were studied. The...
2008 SNRS abstracts -- C
Pet care. Geriatric dogs: aging is not an illness; it is a stage of life
Contributor(s):: Mindell, E.
America's healthiest 100
Creature comforts. Leash up for weight loss
In brief. Of pets and pounds
Pets can banish holiday blues
Contributor(s):: Kilmer, Kim
Pet ownership to weight status: a path analysis
Contributor(s):: Elizabeth Kingsley Casey
Research suggests that a multidimensional approach to obesity that addresses physiological, psychological, social, and environmental factors is optimal. Stress and self-esteem, as well as eating and exercise behaviors have been named as important factors in obesity. Curiously, although pets have...
Animal-assisted therapy and nutrition in Alzheimer's disease
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Nancy Edwards, Alan M. Beck
This study examined the influence of animal-assisted therapy, specifically fish aquariums, on nutritional intake in individuals with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Sixty-two individuals with AD who lived in specialized units were studied. Baseline nutritional data were obtained followed by a...
Factors contributing to the decision for euthanasia of dogs with congestive heart failure
| Contributor(s):: Mallery, K. F., Freeman, L. M., Harpster, N. K., Rush, J. E.
Crushing of piglets by sows: effects of litter features, pen features and sow behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Phillips, P. A., Pajor, E. A., Fraser, D., Thompson, B. K.
Crushing of piglets by sows in farrowing pens was studied in a 2 x 2 experiment to evaluate the effect of different pen design features. Pens had either concrete or plastic-coated expanded metal flooring, and half of the pens were fitted with a horizontal bar 23 cm above the floor, bisecting the...