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Influence of living in a multicat household on health and behaviour in a cohort of cats from the United Kingdom
Contributor(s):: Roberts, C., Gruffydd-Jones, T., Williams, J. L., Murray, J. K.
Paving the Path Toward Retirement for Assistance Animals: Transitioning Lives
Contributor(s):: Ng, Z., Fine, A.
Evaluating the effects of a temporary fostering program on shelter dog welfare
Contributor(s):: Gunter, L. M., Feuerbacher, E. N., Gilchrist, R. J., Wynne, C. D. L.
A modified combined C-BARQ and QoL for both the companion dog and its owner. An embryo to a companion dog welfare assessment?
Contributor(s):: Doane, Marie, Sarenbo, Sirkku
The results of this pilot study demonstrate that it is possible to construct a reliable questionnaire from prior validated surveys. This questionnaire displays possible suitability for further development into a tool for a comprehensive dog welfare assessment. The welfare model used is assuming...
A single dose of ketoprofen in the immediate postpartum period has the potential to improve dairy calf welfare in the first 48 h of life
Contributor(s):: Gladden, Nicola, Ellis, Kathryn, Martin, Jessica, Viora, Lorenzo, McKeegan, Dorothy
The welfare impact of birth on newborn calves has rarely been studied. Dystocia in particular may have significant welfare costs for calves. While analgesia is sometimes provided to calves born to difficult parturition by veterinary surgeons in practice, it is not known if this is actually...
The effects of cognitive testing on the welfare of zoo-housed Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)
Contributor(s):: Jacobson, Sarah L., Kwiatt, Anne C., Ross, Stephen R., Cronin, Katherine A.
Cognitive testing programs are being implemented more frequently in zoo settings due to the benefits these programs can provide for the animals, researchers and zoo visitors. However, the impact that cognitive studies have on the welfare of captive animals, particularly for primates in a social...
Perception and emotions: On the relationships between stress and olfaction
Contributor(s):: Bombail, Vincent
Adaptations to the ever changing social and physical environment are necessary, sometimes involving the stress response. Olfaction is a chemical sense allowing the detection of molecules in the air, and many species rely on it for social recognition and fundamental functions such as feeding or...
Good keeper-elephant relationships in North American zoos are mutually beneficial to welfare
Contributor(s):: Carlstead, Kathy, Paris, Stephen, Brown, Janine L.
Relationships between animals and their human caretakers can have profound impacts on animal welfare in farms, laboratories and zoos, while human attitudes are important predictors of caretaker behavior towards livestock. In this study, we examined the impact of keeper attitudes about working...
Artificial rearing affects piglets pre-weaning behaviour, welfare and growth performance
Contributor(s):: Schmitt, Océane, O'Driscoll, Keelin, Boyle, Laura A., Baxter, Emma M.
One strategy adopted on farms to deal with managing large litters involves removing piglets from their mothers at seven days old to be reared in specialised accommodation with milk replacer. Effects on piglet behaviour, growth and some aspects of welfare were evaluated in this study by comparing...
Does grouping environmental enrichments together affect the way they are used by commercially housed broiler chickens?
Contributor(s):: Baxter, Mary, O’Connell, Niamh E.
Identifying the most attractive ways of presenting environmental enrichments in commercial broiler housing may encourage use and optimise their effectiveness. This study investigated the effect of grouping straw bales (SB), oat hulls (OH; as a dustbathing substrate) and pecking chain (Pe)...
Comprehensive analysis of affiliative and agonistic social networks in lactating dairy cattle groups
Contributor(s):: Foris, Borbala, Zebunke, Manuela, Langbein, Jan, Melzer, Nina
The social environment of dairy cattle is important for their welfare under modern housing and management conditions. Social tension can negatively affect individuals even in a well-designed and healthy environment whereas affiliative behaviour may improve their well-being. The complex social...
Review of priority welfare issues of commercially raised bison in North America
Contributor(s):: Rioja-Lang, Fiona C., Galbraith, Jayson K., McCorkell, Robert B., Spooner, Jeffrey M., Church, John S.
A review of the scientific literature on bison was carried out as part of the National Farm Animal Care Council´s (NFACC) process of updating Canada’s current Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farmed Bison. Four priority welfare issues were identified: the effect of seasonality on the...
Implication and impact of straw provision on behaviour, lesions and pen hygiene on commercial farms rearing undocked pigs
Contributor(s):: Wallgren, Torun, Larsen, Anne, Lundeheim, Nils, Westin, Rebecka, Gunnarsson, Stefan
According to the European Union Council Directive 2008/120EC, measures to minimise the risk for tail biting shall be taken before practicing tail docking, e.g. provision of manipulable material. Still, >90% of the pigs within EU are tail docked. Thus, management routines for providing manipulable...
Low welfare impact of noise: assessment in an experimental model of mice infected by Herpes simplex-1
Contributor(s):: Trindade Madeira Araújo, Fernanda, Espírito Santo, Lilia de Cássia, Peixoto Teixeira, Ana Carolina, Senra Santos, Beatriz, Galvão Filho, Bruno, Souza Silva, Thais, Duarte, Marina Henriques Lage, da Silva Vasconcellos, Angélica, Farias de Alvarenga, Kevin Augusto, Viana Magno, Luiz Alexandre, Cavalcante, Krisdany Vinícius, Young, Robert John, Campos, Marco Antônio
The breeding practices adopted and the equipment typically found in animal facilities produce sounds at frequencies within the auditory range of the mice (1 to 100 kHz), which can cause hearing and other non-hearing effects. Another aspect that could potentially affects the welfare of...
Evaluation of a dustbathing substrate and straw bales as environmental enrichments in commercial broiler housing
Contributor(s):: Baxter, Mary, Bailie, Carley L., O’Connell, Niamh E.
The use of straw bales as an environmental enrichment is common for broiler chickens in enriched housing systems, however relatively little information exists about their effectiveness in improving welfare. There has also been no widespread introduction of a dustbathing material for broilers. The...
“Hay-bags” and “Slow feeders”: Testing their impact on horse behaviour and welfare
Contributor(s):: Rochais, C., Henry, S., Hausberger, M.
The temporal distribution of feeding behaviour is of primary importance in grazing herbivores. Many domestic horses are managed under conditions far removed from the natural environment. For example, restricted access to roughage may induce health problems such as gastric ulceration, but also be...
An automated positioning system for monitoring chickens’ location: Effects of wearing a backpack on behaviour, leg health and production
Contributor(s):: Stadig, Lisanne M., Rodenburg, T. Bas, Ampe, Bart, Reubens, Bert, Tuyttens, Frank A. M.
Automated tracking of the location of individual chickens is becoming more common in behavioural research. This technology has several advantages including gathering large amounts of data and monitoring of individual animals as opposed to flocks. To ensure the quality of the research the...
Dairy goats prefer to use different flooring types to perform different behaviours
Contributor(s):: Sutherland, Mhairi A., Lowe, Gemma L., Watson, Trevor J., Ross, Colleen M., Rapp, Delphine, Zobel, Gosia A.
Flooring is an important component of indoor housing systems for livestock as it can impact animal hygiene and welfare. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the lying and elimination preferences of goats, as well as their relative udder cleanliness, when presented with four different...
Interaction with a bovine cortical bone in the Finnraccoon (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis)
Contributor(s):: Koistinen, Tarja, Sepponen, Juhani, Korhonen, Hannu T.
Finnraccoons (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis) are farmed for their fur. The welfare of Finnraccoons in the current housing conditions has not been thorough documented. The aim of the present study is to measure the juvenile Finnraccoons’ interaction with a commonly used activity object,...
Do aversive-based training methods actually compromise dog welfare?: A literature review
Contributor(s):: Guilherme Fernandes, Joana, Olsson, I. Anna S., Vieira de Castro, Ana Catarina
The methods by which dogs are trained vary between methods involving mainly negative reinforcement and positive punishment (aversive-based methods) and methods based essentially in positive reinforcement and negative punishment (reward-based methods). However, the use of aversive-based methods is...