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  1. Aquarium Tank Design Is Integral to the Elimination of Mantle Abrasion in the Captive Curled Octopus (Eledone cirrhosa): A Case Study at Macduff Marine Aquarium

    Contributor(s):: Smith, Lauren E., Rowe, Christopher, Mackay, Frazer, Matthews, Claire, Matthews, Christopher G. G.

  2. The Effect of Epicatechin-(4β-8)-Catechin on Some Biomarkers of Fatigue in Packed Donkeys (Equus Asinus) during the Dry Season in Northern Nigeria

    Contributor(s):: Olaifa, Folashade Helen, Ayo, Joseph Olusegun, Aluwong, Tangang, Rekwot, Peter Ibrahim

  3. Surgical Castration Changes Struggle Behavior and Vocalizations in Male Piglets

    Contributor(s):: Lou, Maria, Ventura, Beth, Deen, John, Li, Yuzhi

  4. To pet or to enrich? Increasing dogs' welfare in veterinary clinics/shelters: a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Lopes, J. V. S. R., Daud, N. M., Young, R. J., Azevedo, C. S. de

  5. Human-cat emotional closeness and unacceptable behavior in cats: a Brazilian perspective

    Contributor(s):: Franck, K. R., Paz, J. E. G., Costa, E. de F., Costa, F. V. A. da

  6. Effect of human-dog interaction on therapy dog stress during an on-campus student stress buster event

    Contributor(s):: Sarrafchi, Amir, David-Steel, Matéa, Pearce, Sydney D., de Zwaan, Natassja, Merkies, Katrina

  7. Welfare Improvement by Enrichment Programs in Common Marmoset Females Under Social Isolation

    Contributor(s):: de França Santos, Mariana, de Menezes Galvão, Ana Cecília, Santos Silva, Flávia, dos Santos Silva, Erick, de Sousa, Geovan, Lobão-Soares, Bruno, Gonçalves Ferreira, Renata, de Sousa, Maria Bernardete, Leite Galvão-Coelho, Nicole

  8. Shelter use by horses during summer in relation to weather conditions and horsefly (Tabanidae) prevalence

    Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Andersen, Agnete Gargulak, Skovbo, Karina Nymark, Skovgård, Henrik

  9. Economic feasibility of interventions targeted at decreasing piglet perinatal and pre-weaning mortality across European countries

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stygar, A. H., Chantziaras, I., Maes, D., Aarestrup Moustsen, V., De Meyer, D., Quesnel, H., Kyriazakis, I., Niemi, J. K.

    BACKGROUND: Piglet perinatal and pre-weaning mortality is a welfare problem causing economic losses in pig production. In this study, the effects of housing and management interventions on the economic result of sow enterprises representing six European countries (Belgium, Denmark, Finland,...

  10. Canine-Assisted Interventions and the Relevance of Welfare Assessments for Human Health, and Transmission of Zoonosis: A Literature Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meers, L. L., Contalbrigo, L., Samuels, W. E., Duarte-Gan, C., Berckmans, D., Laufer, S. J., Stevens, V. A., Walsh, E. A., Normando, S.

    CAIs (canine-assisted interventions) include "canine-assisted therapy" in which a therapist sets client-oriented goals, 'canine-assisted activities' with recreational goals for clients, and 'canine-assisted education/learning' in which teachers or coaches create learning...

  11. The Importance of Evaluating Positive Welfare Characteristics and Temperament in Working Therapy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, S. L., Serpell, J. A., Dalton, K. R., Waite, K. B., Morris, D. O., Redding, L. E., Dreschel, N. A., Davis, M. F.

    To date, investigations of the welfare of therapy dogs have focused largely on examining physiological and behavioral measures that could indicate if the animal is experiencing stress or distress. However, this approach does not fully address the definition of welfare which is often described as...

  12. The Neurobiology of Behavior and Its Applicability for Animal Welfare: A Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Coria-Avila, Genaro A., Pfaus, James G., Orihuela, Agustín, Domínguez-Oliva, Adriana, José-Pérez, Nancy, Hernández, Laura Astrid, Mota-Rojas, Daniel

    Understanding the foundations of the neurobiology of behavior and well-being can help us better achieve animal welfare. Behavior is the expression of several physiological, endocrine, motor and emotional responses that are coordinated by the central nervous system from the processing of internal...

  13. Assessing the Visitor and Animal Outcomes of a Zoo Encounter and Guided Tour Program with Ambassador Cheetahs

    | Contributor(s):: Whitehouse-Tedd, Katherine M., Lozano-Martinez, Jairo, Reeves, Jessica, Page, Mollie, Martin, Jaime H., Prozesky, Heidi

    Research into the effectiveness of zoo Ambassador Animal Programs (AAPs) has typically investigated human or animal factors separately. This study took a multi-dimensional approach and aimed primarily to (1) determine whether change in visitor knowledge was influenced by the type of experience...

  14. Elephants in Nepal: Correlating disease, tourism, and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Szydlowski, Michelle

    Asian elephants and humans have long shared their lives, but recent changes in human perspectives on animal use have created ripples through the small country of Nepal. Captive elephants are caught in the crossfire between local communities, elephant owners, mahouts, and NGOs in debates over...

  15. Bark to the future: The welfare of domestic dogs during interaction with a positively reinforcing artificial agent

    | Contributor(s):: Shaw, Nicky, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Riley, Lisa M.

    Domestic pet dogs typically spend a large amount of time inside the home environment, including hours alone. An audio/food dispensing automated device (an artificial agent, hereafter agent) was evaluated for enrichment potential. The agent issued owner-spoken verbal cues to dogs, and food rewards...

  16. Evaluation of the time-activity budgets of captive ducks (Anatidae) compared to wild counterparts

    | Contributor(s):: Rose, Paul, Roper, Amelia, Banks, Sophie, Giorgio, Chris, Timms, Milla, Vaughan, Phoebe, Hatch, Steven, Halpin, Samantha, Thomas, Joe, O’Brien, Michelle

    Ducks are commonly housed in captive environments where their abilities for flight are constrained, either temporarily or permanently. The use of flight restraint in modern animal management is contentious and ethically questioned yet any associated impacts on behaviour remain poorly documented...

  17. Music for animal welfare: A critical review & conceptual framework

    | Contributor(s):: Kriengwatana, Buddhamas P., Mott, Richard, ten Cate, Carel

    Music can have powerful effects on human health and wellbeing. These findings have inspired an emerging field of research that focuses on the potential of music for animal welfare, with most studies investigating whether music can enhance overall wellbeing. However, this sole focus on discovering...

  18. Increasing shelter cat welfare through enrichment: A review

    | Contributor(s):: Houser, Bridgette, Vitale, Kristyn R.

    Research into cat behavior has gained more attention in recent years. As one of the world’s most popular companion animals, work in this field has potential to have wide-reaching benefits. Cats living in shelters are posed with distinct welfare concerns. Shelter cat welfare can be increased...

  19. Animal welfare measured at mink farms in Europe

    | Contributor(s):: Henriksen, Britt I. F., Møller, Steen H., Malmkvist, Jens

    Although the welfare of farm mink has been debated for decades, the status at mink farms has not previously been reported. Likewise, little is known about the variation in housing conditions and animal responses between mink farms, although relevant for identifying key opportunities and...

  20. Dog behaviours in veterinary consultations: part II. The relationship between the behaviours of dogs and their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Helsly, M., Priymenko, N., Girault, C., Duranton, C., Gaunet, F.

    Dogs synchronise their behaviour with those of their owners when confronted with an unfamiliar situation and interactions with their owners have been shown to decrease the dog's stress levels in some instances. However, whether owners may help manage dog anxiety during veterinary consultations...