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  1. The Importance of Evaluating Positive Welfare Characteristics and Temperament in Working Therapy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, S. L., Serpell, J. A., Dalton, K. R., Waite, K. B., Morris, D. O., Redding, L. E., Dreschel, N. A., Davis, M. F.

    To date, investigations of the welfare of therapy dogs have focused largely on examining physiological and behavioral measures that could indicate if the animal is experiencing stress or distress. However, this approach does not fully address the definition of welfare which is often described as...

  2. The Neurobiology of Behavior and Its Applicability for Animal Welfare: A Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Coria-Avila, Genaro A., Pfaus, James G., Orihuela, Agustín, Domínguez-Oliva, Adriana, José-Pérez, Nancy, Hernández, Laura Astrid, Mota-Rojas, Daniel

    Understanding the foundations of the neurobiology of behavior and well-being can help us better achieve animal welfare. Behavior is the expression of several physiological, endocrine, motor and emotional responses that are coordinated by the central nervous system from the processing of internal...

  3. Assessing the Visitor and Animal Outcomes of a Zoo Encounter and Guided Tour Program with Ambassador Cheetahs

    | Contributor(s):: Whitehouse-Tedd, Katherine M., Lozano-Martinez, Jairo, Reeves, Jessica, Page, Mollie, Martin, Jaime H., Prozesky, Heidi

    Research into the effectiveness of zoo Ambassador Animal Programs (AAPs) has typically investigated human or animal factors separately. This study took a multi-dimensional approach and aimed primarily to (1) determine whether change in visitor knowledge was influenced by the type of experience...

  4. Elephants in Nepal: Correlating disease, tourism, and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Szydlowski, Michelle

    Asian elephants and humans have long shared their lives, but recent changes in human perspectives on animal use have created ripples through the small country of Nepal. Captive elephants are caught in the crossfire between local communities, elephant owners, mahouts, and NGOs in debates over...

  5. Bark to the future: The welfare of domestic dogs during interaction with a positively reinforcing artificial agent

    | Contributor(s):: Shaw, Nicky, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Riley, Lisa M.

    Domestic pet dogs typically spend a large amount of time inside the home environment, including hours alone. An audio/food dispensing automated device (an artificial agent, hereafter agent) was evaluated for enrichment potential. The agent issued owner-spoken verbal cues to dogs, and food rewards...

  6. Evaluation of the time-activity budgets of captive ducks (Anatidae) compared to wild counterparts

    | Contributor(s):: Rose, Paul, Roper, Amelia, Banks, Sophie, Giorgio, Chris, Timms, Milla, Vaughan, Phoebe, Hatch, Steven, Halpin, Samantha, Thomas, Joe, O’Brien, Michelle

    Ducks are commonly housed in captive environments where their abilities for flight are constrained, either temporarily or permanently. The use of flight restraint in modern animal management is contentious and ethically questioned yet any associated impacts on behaviour remain poorly documented...

  7. Music for animal welfare: A critical review & conceptual framework

    | Contributor(s):: Kriengwatana, Buddhamas P., Mott, Richard, ten Cate, Carel

    Music can have powerful effects on human health and wellbeing. These findings have inspired an emerging field of research that focuses on the potential of music for animal welfare, with most studies investigating whether music can enhance overall wellbeing. However, this sole focus on discovering...

  8. Increasing shelter cat welfare through enrichment: A review

    | Contributor(s):: Houser, Bridgette, Vitale, Kristyn R.

    Research into cat behavior has gained more attention in recent years. As one of the world’s most popular companion animals, work in this field has potential to have wide-reaching benefits. Cats living in shelters are posed with distinct welfare concerns. Shelter cat welfare can be increased...

  9. Animal welfare measured at mink farms in Europe

    | Contributor(s):: Henriksen, Britt I. F., Møller, Steen H., Malmkvist, Jens

    Although the welfare of farm mink has been debated for decades, the status at mink farms has not previously been reported. Likewise, little is known about the variation in housing conditions and animal responses between mink farms, although relevant for identifying key opportunities and...

  10. Dog behaviours in veterinary consultations: part II. The relationship between the behaviours of dogs and their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Helsly, M., Priymenko, N., Girault, C., Duranton, C., Gaunet, F.

    Dogs synchronise their behaviour with those of their owners when confronted with an unfamiliar situation and interactions with their owners have been shown to decrease the dog's stress levels in some instances. However, whether owners may help manage dog anxiety during veterinary consultations...

  11. Alone but not always lonely: Social cues alleviate isolation induced behavioural stress in wild zebrafish

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel, Danita K., Bhat, Anuradha

    Social isolation has been routinely used for experimental studies on many animal model systems. Additionally, considering the recent increase in the prevalence of isolation in the human population, it has become even more imperative to understand social isolation and measures that might alleviate...

  12. Effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on the human-animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: Beaver, B. V.

    2021NAVC Clinician's BriefJanuaryFebruary48-491542-4014EnglishCited Reference Count: 2 ref.0Educational Concepts LLCTulsa, USATexas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.text

  13. Environmental Complexity: Additional Human Visual Contact Reduced Meat Chickens' Fear of Humans and Physical Items Altered Pecking Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, P. S., Hemsworth, P. H., Rault, J. L.

    Increased environmental complexity can improve animal welfare, depending on the resources provided and use by the animal. We provided chickens either with physical items that posed no biosecurity risk and were inexpensive (balls, chains, perches and rope) (P; n = 36) or additional visual human...

  14. The Use of a “Go/Go” Cognitive Bias Task and Response to a Novel Object to Assess the Effect of Housing Enrichment in Sheep (Ovis aries)

    | Contributor(s):: Stephenson, Emma, Haskell, Marie J.

  15. Occurrence of suspected zoophilia in veterinary clinical care in Marilia/SP in 2018-2019: veiled and neglected animal abuseOcorrencia de suspeitas de zoofilia no atendimento clinico medico-veterinario em Marilia/SP no periodo de 2018-2019: maus-trato

    | Contributor(s):: Polegato, E. P. dos S., Teixeira, I. B., Angeli, M. V., Paie, J. P.

  16. Why Are Octopuses Going to Be the ‘Poster Child’ for Invertebrate Welfare?

    | Contributor(s):: Mather, Jennifer

  17. Are multi-cat homes more stressful? A critical review of the evidence associated with cat group size and wellbeing

    | Contributor(s):: Finka, L. R., Foreman-Worsley, R.

  18. Insect-repelling behaviour in horses in relation to insect prevalence and access to shelters

    | Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Strøm, Christina Gudim, Nicová, Klára, de Gaillard, Clotilde Lafaige, Sandøe, Peter, Skovgård, Henrik

    2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2471055600168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2022.105560text

  19. Relinquishing owners underestimate their dog's behavioral problems: deception or lack of knowledge?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Duffy, D. L., Kruger, K. A., Watson, B., Serpell, J. A.

    Undesirable behavior is a leading cause of canine relinquishment. Relinquishing owners could provide valuable information about their dog's behavior, although the reliability of their reports has been questioned by the sheltering community. This study aimed to investigate (a) whether...

  20. The mechanics of social interactions between cats and their owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Turner, D. C.

    This is a mini review that summarizes what is known from quantitative observational studies of social interactions between domestic cats and humans in both laboratory colonies and the home setting. Only results from data that have been statistically analyzed are included; hypotheses still to be...