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  1. Companion-Animals’ Effectiveness in Managing Chronic Pain in Adult Community Members

    Contributor(s):: Bradley, Lahna, Bennett, Pauleen C.

    Therapy animals have been found to alleviate pain in healthcare settings, but companion-animal owners report greater discomfort and use more analgesics than people who do not own one or more companion animals. To investigate this anomaly, 173 adults completed an online survey that included...

  2. Scottish wildcat (Felis silvestris grampia) personality and subjective well-being: Implications for captive management

    Contributor(s):: Gartner, Marieke Cassia, Weiss, Alexander

    Research in animal personality has been increasing over the last decade, as scientists realize its importance to health outcomes. In particular, personality has sometimes been used, in conjunction with other tools, for aspects of captive management, including decreasing stress, increasing...

  3. Individual and environmental factors associated with stereotypic behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolite levels in zoo housed polar bears

    Contributor(s):: Shepherdson, David, Lewis, Karen D., Carlstead, Kathy, Bauman, Joan, Perrin, Nancy

    Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are known to exhibit repetitive pacing behaviors, usually described as stereotypic, in zoo environments. However, little quantitative information exists about the prevalence of pacing in the zoo population. Similarly, large, multi-institutional studies conducted to...

  4. Housing of female mice in a new environment and its influence on post-surgical behaviour and recovery

    Contributor(s):: Jirkof, Paulin, Cesarovic, Nikola, Rettich, Andreas, Arras, Margarete

    The transportation of mice into a new clean cage after surgery is a standard procedure but might have detrimental effects during the critical post-surgical recovery phase. To analyse the effect of post-surgical housing, female C57BL/6J mice housed in their familiar home cage or in a new...

  5. Great ape cognition and captive care: Can cognitive challenges enhance well-being?

    Contributor(s):: Clark, Fay E.

    Given the close genetic link between humans and nonhuman great apes, the well-being of the latter in captivity is understandably controversial. Behavioural signs of boredom, anxiety and stress in captive great apes have been linked to being reared in small groups or by humans, and by having a...

  6. Physiological State of Therapy Dogs during Animal-Assisted Activities in an Outpatient Setting

    Contributor(s):: Clark, S. D., Martin, F., McGowan, R. T. S., Smidt, J. M., Anderson, R., Wang, L., Turpin, T., Langenfeld-McCoy, N., Bauer, B. A., Mohabbat, A. B.

    Therapy dogs are increasingly being incorporated into numerous clinical settings. However, there are only a handful of studies that have focused on the impact of animal-assisted activity or therapy sessions on the wellbeing of the therapy dogs. Furthermore, these studies show mixed results. The...

  7. Benefits, challenges, and needs of people living with cancer and their companion dogs: An exploratory study

    Contributor(s):: Ingram, K. M., Cohen-Filipic, J.

  8. Evaluating a supported nature play programme, parents’ perspectives

    Contributor(s):: Ward, Tanya, Goldingay, Sophie, Parson, Judi

  9. The impact of fetching at night on milking parlour visitation for pasture-based dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Wildridge, Ashleigh M., Thomson, Peter C., Garcia, Sergio C., Jongman, Ellen C., Clark, Cameron E. F., Kerrisk, Kendra L.

    In most pasture-based automatic milking systems (AMS), three-way grazing (3WG) is utilised and cows that remain in a given paddock are fetched or encouraged to the milking facility (each paddock is cleared once per day). Fetching is ideally undertaken within 15 h of the opening of each pasture...

  10. The ins and outs of the litter box: A detailed ethogram of cat elimination behavior in two contrasting environments

    Contributor(s):: McGowan, Ragen T. S., Ellis, Jacklyn J., Bensky, Miles K., Martin, François

    Few studies have sought to describe cat elimination behavior in detail and much of the information presently available focuses on factors that potentially cause cats to reject a litter box. Thus, the ethograms published in the current veterinary and scientific literature largely focus on macro...

  11. Inconsistency in dairy calves’ responses to tests of fearfulness

    Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G., Atkinson, Dax, Weary, Daniel M.

    Fear is an important welfare problem for farm animals, including cattle. A variety of methods of assessing fear have been proposed, but the reliability and validity of these methods, and ways of improving these characteristics, have received little study. We conducted a series of experiments to...

  12. Happiness is positive welfare in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella)

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Waran, Natalie K., Leach, Matthew C., Morton, F. Blake, Paukner, Annika, Lonsdorf, Elizabeth, Handel, Ian, Wilson, Vanessa A. D., Brosnan, Sarah F., Weiss, Alexander

    Questionnaires that allow people who are familiar with individual animals to rate the welfare of these animals are an underutilised tool. We designed a 12-item welfare questionnaire and tested its reliability and associations with subjective well-being (SWB), locomotor stereotypy, and personality...

  13. Environmental enrichment for parrot species: Are we squawking up the wrong tree?

    Contributor(s):: Rodríguez-López, Rogelio

    Parrots are kept in zoos, homes and laboratories for conservation, companionship and research purposes. The intelligence, longevity and behaviour of parrots raise concerns for keeping them in these environments. Captive settings may limit the expression of normal behaviours and, as a consequence,...

  14. 1993 Report of the AVMA: Panel on Euthanasia

    | Contributor(s):: Edwin Andrews, B. Taylor Bennet, J. Derrell Clark, Katherine A. Houpt, Peter J. Pascoe, Gordon W. Robinson, John R. Boyce

    In 1992, at the request of the AVMA Council on Research, the Executive Board of the AVMA convened a Panel on Euthanasia to review and make necessary revisions to the fourth Panel Report, published in 1986.1 Since 1986, the panel has become aware of a need for additional information on some...

  15. Metsä ei tarvitse ihmistä, mutta ihminen tarvitsee metsää : Luonto- ja eläinavusteiset menetelmät hyvinvoinnin ja kuntoutuksen tukena

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anniina Aaramaa, Riikka Kivimäki

    Opinnäytetyömme tarkoituksena on tutkia luonto- ja eläinavusteisten menetelmien soveltuvuutta sosiaalialan yrityksissä ja vankilaympäristössä sekä lisätä luonto- ja eläinavusteisten menetelmien tunnettavuutta sosiaali- ja terveysalalla....

  16. Virikkeitä aidosta hännänheilutuksesta : Ikäihmisten kokemuksia kaverikoiratoiminnasta

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miia Vauhkonen, Oona Hirvi

    Tutkimuksen tilaajana oli Suomen Kennelliitto, joka on perustettu vuonna 1889. Suomen Kennelliitto on koirajärjestö, joka järjestää muun muassa kaverikoiratoimintaa. Kaverikoira-nimike patentoitiin vuonna 2005 ja sitä saavat käyttää vain Kennelliiton...

  17. Toward a New Framework for Understanding Human–Wild Animal Relations: PROD

    | Contributor(s):: Waldhorn, Daniela R.

  18. Training Dogs to Feel Good: Embodying Well-being in Multispecies Relations

    | Contributor(s):: Porter, N.

  19. Effect of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Patients in the Department of Long-Term Care: A Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Machova, K., Prochazkova, R., Eretova, P., Svobodova, I., Kotik, I.

  20. Legitimizing leisure experiences as emotional work: A post‐humanist approach to gendered equine encounters

    | Contributor(s):: Finkel, Rebecca, Danby, Paula