When Human-Leopard Conflict Turns Deadly: A Cross-Country Situational Analysis
| Contributor(s):: Julie S. Viollaz
Habitat destruction and pollution are two of the main causes for the decline of the planet’s biodiversity. Yet environmentalists are now recognizing that illegal wildlife killings, both poaching and retaliatory killings due to human-wildlife conflict, are perhaps the next major threat....
Efficacy of Ontario Rabies Vaccine Baits (ONRAB) against rabies infection in raccoons
| Contributor(s):: Amy Gilbert, Shylo Johnson, Nikki Walker, Chad Wickham, Alex Beath, Kurt VerCauteren
In the US, rabies lyssavirus (RABV) only circulates in wildlife species and the most significant reservoir from a public and animal health perspective is the raccoon (Procyon lotor). Management of wildlife rabies relies principally on oral rabies vaccination (ORV) strategies using vaccine-laden...
Dogs and wolves differ in their response allocation to their owner/caregiver or food in a concurrent choice procedure
| Contributor(s):: Isernia, L., Wynne, C. D. L., House, L., Feuerbacher, E. N.
Dogs and wolves both show attachment-like behaviors to their owners/caregivers, including exploring more in the presence of the owner/caregiver, and greeting the owner/caregiver more effusively after an absence. Concurrent choice studies can elucidate dogs’ and wolves’...
Human/wildlife conflict: an overlooked historical context for the UK's bovine TB problem
| Contributor(s):: Angela Cassidy
The question of whether to cull wild badgers (Meles meles) in order to control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in cattle has been deeply contentious since infections in the two species were first linked in the 1970s, and is now the subject of an escalating public controversy in the UK....
Black Bears Recolonizing Historic Ranges: Indiana Human–Bear Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Bradford J. Westrich, Emily B. McCallen, Geriann Albers
Over a century after extirpation from Indiana, USA, 2 American black bears (Ursus americanus) were confirmed in the state during the summers of 2015 and 2016. The first bear encountered a public and management agency unaccustomed to living with large carnivores, which resulted in...
Improving Human-Wildlife Interactions by Resolving Human-Wildlife Conflicts
| Contributor(s):: Terry Messmer
Hibernation Patterns of the European Hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus, at a Cornish Rescue Centre
| Contributor(s):: Kathryn E. South, Kelly Haynes, Angus C. Jackson
The European hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus, is frequently admitted to rescue centres in the UK. With many overwintering in captivity, there is cause to investigate hibernation patterns in order to inform and improve husbandry and monitoring protocols. Thirty-five hedgehogs were studied...
Toward Sustainable Conservation and Management of Human-wildlife Interactions in the Mmadinare Region of Botswana: Villagers' Perceptions on Challenges and Prospects
| Contributor(s):: Oitshepile M. Modise, Rebecca Nthogo Lekoko, Olekae Tsompi Thakadu, Masego Ayo Mpotokwane
Human–wildlife conflicts are increasing globally. The increase in conflicts has been attributed to growing human and wildlife populations and a per capita increase in the consumption of natural resources. In Botswana, conflicts between humans and elephants (Loxodonta africana) are...
Public Perceptions: Risks in Dog and Coastal Wildlife Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Ian Banatoski, Bryanna Dellaripa, Samantha Hires, Larissa Naidoo, Elizabeth Rooney
The New Zealand Department of Conservation is seeking to better manage coastal wildlife interactions as dogs become more prevalent on beaches with vulnerable wildlife. We used site assessments, surveys, and interviews to assess the public’s perceptions of dog-wildlife encounters. Since...
Corrigendum: Wildlife Ungulate Rescue and Emergency Services in the Pisa Area (Tuscany, Italy): Evaluation of a 9-Years Period (2010–2018)
| Contributor(s):: Maria Irene Pacini, Francesca Bonelli, Angela Briganti, Simonetta Citi, Stefania Perrucci, Roberto Amerigo Papini, Micaela Sgorbini
Selection for reduced fear of humans changes intra-specific social behavior in red junglefowl - implications for chicken domestication
| Contributor(s):: Gjoen, J., Jensen, P.
Cooperative Conservation to Enhance Human–wildlife Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Terry A. Messmer
Multiple-use Management of Western U.S. Rangelands: Wild Horses, Wildlife, and Livestock
| Contributor(s):: Rick E. Danvir
Since 1959, the U.S. Congress has legislated the treatment and management of wild horses (Equus ferus caballus ) and burros (E. asinus ; WHB). While the legislation has ensured WHB a place as western rangeland icons, subsequent congressional actions, in response to public lobbying, have limited...
Sloth Bear Attacks on Humans in Central India: Implications for Species Conservation
| Contributor(s):: Nisha Singh, Swapnil Sonone, Nishith Dharaiya
Conflicts with wild animals are increasing as human populations grow and related anthropogenic activities encroach into wildlife habitats. A good example of this situation is the increase in conflicts between humans and sloth bears (Melursus ursinus) in India. Sloth bears are known for their...
Species Composition and Temporal Patterns of Wildlife-Vehicle Collisions in Southwest Virginia, USA
| Contributor(s):: James A. Vance, Walter H. Smith, Gabrielle L. Smith
Mitigating wildlife–vehicle collisions (WVCs) is becoming a major wildlife conservation focus, particularly in areas characterized by increased anthropogenic development. Concomitantly, wildlife managers and transportation planners need better information regarding spatiotemporal patterns...
Can the Vaquita Be Saved From Extinction?
| Contributor(s):: Gerardo Rodríguez-Quiroz, Wenceslao Valenzuela-Quiñonez, Héctor A. González-Ocampo, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio
The vaquita (Phocoena sinus) is considered the world’s most endangered marine mammal. It is the smallest member of the porpoise family endemic to the upper part of the Gulf of California. The current population is estimated at less than 30 individuals. The primary reasons for the species...
Canid vs. Canid: Insights into Coyote-Dog Encounters from Social Media
| Contributor(s):: Erin E. Boydston, Eric S. Abelson, Ari Kazanjian, Daniel T. Blumstein
While the relationship between coyotes (Canis latrans) and house cats (Felis catus) may be characterized as one between predators and their prey, coyote interactions with domestic dogs (C. lupus familiaris) appear to be more varied and may include behaviors associated with canid sociality....
Contentions at the Human-Wildlife Interface: An Analysis of Chicago's Coyote Management Plan
| Contributor(s):: Ilanah Taves
Urbanization and habitat fragmentation cause animal species to either adjust to human- dominated landscapes or suffer population loss. This paper examines the municipal challenges associated with coyotes, an animal successfully adapting to cities throughout North America. The presence of...
The Demography and Practice of Australians Caring for Native Wildlife and the Psychological, Physical and Financial Effects of Rescue, Rehabilitation and Release of Wildlife on the Welfare of Carers
| Contributor(s):: Bruce Englefield, Steve Candy, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy
The rescue, rehabilitation and release of injured and orphaned Australian wildlife is managed by over 20,000 carers, mostly voluntarily. These volunteers experience mental, physical and financial challenges that have not been researched adequately. This study collated the responses (n =...
Sustainable Safari Practices: Proximity to Wildlife, Educational Intervention and the Quality of Experience
| Contributor(s):: Ryan Devine Tarver
This research examines the perceived quality of experience for safari tourists in relation to wildlife viewing proximities and the potential of educational interventions as a management strategy to mitigate adverse impacts of safari participant crowding. Crowding emanates from the safari...