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  1. The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jaros, F.

    Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...

  2. The Elephant (Head) in the Room: A Critical Look at Trophy Hunting

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chelsea Batavia, Michael Paul Nelson, Chris T. Darimont, Paul C. Paquet, William J. Ripple, Arian D. Wallach

    Trophy hunting has occupied a prominent position in recent scholarly literature and popular media. In the scientific conservation literature, researchers are generally supportive of or sympathetic to its usage as a source of monetary support for conservation. Although authors at times...

  3. Space Use and Movement of Urban Bobcats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie K. Young, Julie Golla, John P. Draper, Derek Broman, Terry Blankenship, Richard Heilbrun

    Global urbanization is rapidly changing the landscape for wildlife species that must learn to persist in declining wild spacing, adapt, or risk extinction. Many mesopredators have successfully exploited urban niches, and research on these species in an urban setting offers insights into the...

  4. People -- Marine Mammal Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrew Butterworth (editor), Mark P. Simmonds (editor)

    Our relationships with marine mammals are complex. We have used them as resources, and in some places this remains the case; viewed them as competitors and culled them (again ongoing in some localities); been so captivated and intrigued by them that we have taken them into captivity for our...

  5. Illegal Wildlife Hunting and Trade in Southern Belize: An Assessment of Impacts and Drivers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Blakely Rice

    The use of wildlife as a resource is a common practice in all countries around the world, however, illegal activities are contributing to various environmental and social altercations amongst the involved communities and individuals, both directly and indirectly. This has led to the generalized...

  6. Wildlife viewing in Colorado : a review and synthesis of existing data

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jerry J. Vaske, Karen Wittmann, Tara V. Williams, Karen Hardesty, Linda Sikorowski

  7. For the Want of a Horse the Rider Was Lost

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Terry A. Messmer

    This is the editors commentary.

  8. Behavioural Plasticity by Eastern Grey Kangaroos in Response to Human Behaviour

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caitlin M. Austin, Daniel Ramp

    Sharing landscapes with humans is an increasingly fraught challenge for wildlife across the globe. While some species benefit from humans by exploiting novel opportunities (e.g., provision of resources or removal of competitors or predators), many wildlife experience harmful effects, either...

  9. An analysis of human–black bear conflict in Utah

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie Ann Miller, Tom S. Smith, Janene Auger, Hal Black, Loreen Allphin

    Conflict between black bears (Ursus americanus) and humans has occurred in Utah, but the records are largely incomplete. To document these events, the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources initiated a black bear sightings and encounters database in 2003, and we updated it. From 2003–2013,...

  10. The Behavior of Humans and Wildlife with Respect to Roads: Insights for Mitigation and Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Molly Kathryn Grace

    Road ecology is the study of how roads and wildlife interact. Traditionally, road ecologists have primarily focused on one effect of roads: roadkill. Though roadkill can have devastating effects on wildlife populations, roads have sub-lethal impacts that are gaining more and more attention from...

  11. "Crocodiles are the Souls of the Community" An Analysis of Human-Animal Relations in Northwestern Benin and its Ontological Implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sharon Merz

    In this thesis I explore human-animal relations amongst the Bebelibe of the Commune of Cobly, in the northwest of the Republic of Benin, West Africa, with a focus on how they relate to their tikedimɔmɔnte (true totem(s), literally “interdict(s)-true”). I start with an historical...

  12. Effects of human state park visitation rates on escape behavior of white-tailed deer

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicholas M. Sutton, Edward J. Heske

    State parks are typically established to preserve natural or native habitats for wildlife while simultaneously providing recreational experiences for humans. However, because of their proximity to urban centers, the level of human visitation associated with state parks may be highly variable....

  13. Proceedings of the Seventeenth Wildlife Damage Management Conference, Orange Beach, AL, February 26-March 1, 2017

    Full-text: Available

    Proceedings full document

  14. An Overview of Increasing Incidents of Bottlenose Dolphin Harassment in the Gulf of Mexico and Possible Solutions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Courtney S. Vail

    The panhandle region of the Gulf of Mexico is known by scientists, regulatory agencies and conservation organizations as a “hotbed” area of dolphin harassment. Interactions between humans and wild dolphins routinely occur through close vessel approaches or through direct contact...

  15. Do the Calls of a Bird, the Noisy Miner (Manorina melanocephala), Need Adjustment for Efficient Communication in Urban Anthropogenic Noise?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hélène Lowry, Alan Lill, Bob B. M. Wong

    Urban environments are characteristically noisy and this can pose a challenge for animals that communicate acoustically. Although evidence suggests that some birds can make acoustic adjustments that preclude masking of their signals in high-disturbance environments such as cities, studies to...

  16. A One Health message about bats increases intentions to follow public health guidance on bat rabies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hang Lu, Katherine A. McComas, Danielle E. Buttke, Sungjong Roh, Margaret A. Wild

    Since 1960, bat rabies variants have become the greatest source of human rabies deaths in the United States. Improving rabies awareness and preventing human exposure to rabid bats remains a national public health priority today. Concurrently, conservation of bats and the ecosystem benefits they...

  17. Impact of Wind Energy on Bats: a Summary of our Current Knowledge

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cris D. Hein, Michael R. Schirmacher

    Since 2003, when it was discovered that large numbers of bats were being killed at wind turbines in the eastern United States, our understanding of the impact of wind energy development on bats has increased and consistent patterns of fatality, including seasonality and species composition have...

  18. The Ethics of Human–Animal Relationships and Public Discourse: A Case Study of Lions Bred for Their Bones

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter Coals, Dawn Burnham, Andrew Loveridge, David W. Macdonald, Michael ’t Sas-Rolfes, Vivienne L. Williams, John A. Vucetich

    Conservation and natural resource management are increasingly attending the ethical elements of public decisions. Ethical considerations are challenging, in part, because they typically require accounting for the moral consideration of various human and nonhuman forms of life, whose interests...

  19. Evaluating Wildlife–Vehicle Collision Hotspots Using Kernel-Based Estimation: a Focus on the Endangered Asiatic Cheetah in Central Iran

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alireza Mohammadi, Mohammad Kaboli

    The transportation networks within and adjacent to protected areas degrade natural habitats and contribute to a higher risk of mortality through roadkill. Following years of unplanned and unsustainable road network development in Iran, the protected areas of significant biodiversity value have...

  20. Comparing Social Media Observations of Animals During a Solar Eclipse to Published Research

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert Ritson, Dustin H. Ranglack, Nate Bickford

    A wide variety of environmental stimuli can influence the behavior of animals including temperature, weather, light, lunar and seasonal cycles, seismic activity, as well as other perturbations to their circadian rhythm. Solar eclipses offer a unique opportunity to evaluate the relative...