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  1. Cross-species transmission potential between wild pigs, livestock, poultry, wildlife, and humans: implications for disease risk management in North America

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ryan S. Miller, Steven J. Sweeney, Chris Slootmaker, Daniel A. Grear, Paul A. Di Salvo, Deborah Kiser, Stephanie A. Shwif

    Cross-species disease transmission between wildlife, domestic animals and humans is an increasing threat to public and veterinary health. Wild pigs are increasingly a potential veterinary and public health threat. Here we investigate 84 pathogens and the host species most at risk for...

  2. Into the Animal Mind: Perceptions of Emotive and Cognitive Traits in Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Callahan, Megan M., Satterfield, Terre, Zhao, Jiaying

    As incidences of human–wildlife interaction escalate, it is useful to increase understanding of the perceptions that might underpin these interactions or explain human behavior so associated. This study sought to identify public perceptions of the animal mind across wildlife species and to...

  3. Unforeseen consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic: Increased frequency of kite-string injuries in magnificent frigatebirds (Fregata magnificens) in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Goldberg, D. W., Vanstreels, R. E. T., Alcala, M. M., Hurtado, R., Mantovani, P. F., Cunha, L. S. T., Serafini, P. P., Barbosa, A. F.

  4. Ballot Measures and Subversion of Direct Democracy: Initiatives to Outlaw Aerial Wolf Killing in Alaska

    | Contributor(s):: Simon, Alexander, Clark, Steven C.

  5. Reply to Crawford et al.: Why Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) Is an Ethical Solution for Stray Cat Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter J. Wolf, Jacquie Rand, Helen Swarbrick, Daniel D. Spehar, Jade Norris

    The recently published article, ‘A Case of Letting the Cat out of the Bag—Why Trap-Neuter-Return Is Not an Ethical Solution for Stray Cat (Felis catus) Management,’ by Crawford et al. warrants rebuttal. The case presented in the paper, opposing the initiation of TNR trials in...

  6. Lead Poisoning in Bald Eagles Admitted to Wildlife Rehabilitation Facilities in Iowa, 2004–2014

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor Yaw, Kay Neumann, Linette Bernard, Jodeane Cancilla, Terese Evans, Adam Martin-Schwarze, Bianca Zaffarano

    Eleven years (2004–2014) of bald eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus data from four independent, state and federally permitted wildlife rehabilitators in Iowa were assessed for the prevalence of elevated lead levels in blood or tissue samples. The relationship between blood lead...

  7. A Global Review of Animal–Visitor Interactions in Modern Zoos and Aquariums and Their Implications for Wild Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Neil D’Cruze, Sophie Khan, Gemma Carder, David Megson, Emma Coulthard, John Norrey, Georgina Groves

    We provide an initial insight into the occurrence and characteristics of animal-visitor interactions (AVIs) involving captive wild animals within zoos and aquaria. Using information provided online via official public websites of modern zoos and aquaria, we found that AVIs were provided by the...

  8. Human-Animal Interactions: Expressions of Wellbeing through a "Nature Language"

    | Contributor(s):: Yerbury, R. M., Lukey, S. J.

  9. Illegal Wildlife Hunting and Trade in Southern Belize: An Assessment of Impacts and Drivers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Blakely Rice

    The use of wildlife as a resource is a common practice in all countries around the world, however, illegal activities are contributing to various environmental and social altercations amongst the involved communities and individuals, both directly and indirectly. This has led to the generalized...

  10. The Ethics of Wildlife Control in Humanized Landscapes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John Hadidian, Camilla H Fox, William S Lynn

    The 21st century is witness to an unprecedented and rapid growth of human settlements, from urban centers to wilderness vacation resorts. Concurrent with this has been the growing tolerance and acceptance of many wild animals and humans for one another. This has created an expanding...

  11. “He’s so Fluffy I’m Gonna Die!” Cute Responses by Hikers to Autonomous Animals on the Appalachian Trail

    | Contributor(s):: Marx, Kate

    The Appalachian Trail is a more than 2,000-mile-long wilderness trail in the Eastern United States. Every year, aspiring long-distance hikers travel from across the US and abroad, intending to hike the entire length of the trail, which takes around 6 months to complete. Numerous species of...

  12. Do Birdwatchers Care about Bird Disturbance?

    | Contributor(s):: Weston, Michael A., Guay, Patrick-Jean, McLeod, Emily M., Miller, Kelly K.

    Little is known about how non-consumptive recreationists perceive their impacts on animals and how this relates to recreationist behavior. We surveyed attitudes and behaviors relating to bird disturbance of 179 birdwatchers who visited a world-renowned, restricted-access birdwatching destination...

  13. Effects of varying feed provision on behavioral patterns of farmed collared peccary (Mammalia, Tayassuidae)

    | Contributor(s):: Nogueira, Selene S. C., Calazans, Stella G., Costa, Thaise S. O., Peregrino, Hélderes, Nogueira-Filho, Sérgio L. G.

    Feeding enrichment regime has been widely employed as an important tool to mimic foraging behavior and improve farm animals’ welfare. Some authors have argued that creating some level of uncertainty in the animals’ environment is beneficial. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of challenge...

  14. Use of the Human Vaccine, Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette Guérin in Deer

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mitchell V. Palmer, Tyler C. Thacker

    The only vaccine ever approved for human tuberculosis was developed a century ago from an isolate of Mycobacterium bovis derived from a tuberculous cow. Initial safety and efficacy studies of an attenuated version of this isolate were conducted in cattle and other animals. In 1921 the first...

  15. Plains zebra (Equus quagga) behaviour in a restored population reveals seasonal resource limitations

    | Contributor(s):: de Vos, Charli, Leslie, Alison J., Ransom, Jason I.

    A once abundant species, plains zebra (Equus quagga), is declining across much of sub-Saharan Africa. Reintroduction efforts at Majete Wildlife Reserve, Malawi, have resulted in rapid population increases, but little is known about how such populations resemble natural populations socially or...

  16. 1993 Report of the AVMA: Panel on Euthanasia

    | Contributor(s):: Edwin Andrews, B. Taylor Bennet, J. Derrell Clark, Katherine A. Houpt, Peter J. Pascoe, Gordon W. Robinson, John R. Boyce

    In 1992, at the request of the AVMA Council on Research, the Executive Board of the AVMA convened a Panel on Euthanasia to review and make necessary revisions to the fourth Panel Report, published in 1986.1 Since 1986, the panel has become aware of a need for additional information on some...

  17. The Ties that Bind: One Health | Sharon Deem | TEDxGatewayArchSalon

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sharon Deem

    Sharon discusses the idea of One World Health - plants, animals and humans need to find a path to balance. As man disrupts the natural systems it disrupts the health of other living things which in turn cause problems that were not obviously predictable. We need to be aware of the disruptions...

  18. Captive-reared juvenile box turtles innately prefer naturalistic habitat: Implications for translocation

    | Contributor(s):: Tetzlaff, Sasha J., Sperry, Jinelle H., DeGregorio, Brett A.

    Habitat choice has broad repercussions for animals, but mechanisms influencing such choices are generally not understood. When conducting conservation translocations using captive-reared animals, elucidating mechanisms influencing habitat preference pre-release could inform rearing methods and...

  19. Ecological and Epidemiological Findings Associated with Zoonotic Rabies Outbreaks and Control in Moshi, Tanzania, 2017-2018

    | Contributor(s):: Mtui-Malamsha, N., Sallu, R., Mahiti, G. R., Mohamed, H., OleNeselle, M., Rubegwa, B., Swai, E. S., Makungu, S., Otieno, E. G., Lupindu, A. M., Komba, E., Mdegela, R., Assenga, J. A., Bernard, J., Marandu, W., Warioba, J., Makondo, Z., Chang'a, J., Mramba, F., Nonga, H., Killewo, J., Kafeero, F., Makonnen, Y. J., Rivas, A. L., Fasina, F. O.

  20. Toward a New Framework for Understanding Human–Wild Animal Relations: PROD

    | Contributor(s):: Waldhorn, Daniela R.