The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
The impact of streetlights on an aquatic invasive species: artificial light at night alters signal crayfish behaviour
Contributor(s):: Thomas, John Rhidian, James, Joanna, Newman, Rhian Claire, Riley, William D., Griffiths, Siân W., Cable, Jo
Artificial light at night (ALAN) can significantly alter the behaviour, communication and orientation of animals, and will potentially interact with other stressors to affect biodiversity. Invasive, non-native species are one of the largest threats to freshwater biodiversity; however, the impact...
The Intentionality of Plover Cognitive States
Contributor(s):: Stieg, Chuck
The Ethical Disconnect of the Circus: Humanity's acceptance of Performing Elephants
Contributor(s):: Jaynes, Mike
The effects of radar on avian behavior: implications for wildlife management at airports
Contributor(s):: Sheridan, E., Randolet, J., DeVault, T. L., Seamans, T. W., Blackwell, B. F., Fernandez-Juricic, E.
Airports often contain foraging, breeding, and roosting resources for wildlife. Airports also have different types of radars to assist with air traffic control, monitoring weather, and tracking wildlife that could become a risk for collision with aircraft. The effect of radar electromagnetic...
Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study
Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.
Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...
Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia
Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.
Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...
Behavior of feral horses in response to culling and GnRH immunocontraception
Contributor(s):: Ransom, J. I., Powers, J. G., Garbe, H. M., Oehler, M. W., Sr., Nett, T. M., Baker, D. L.
Wildlife management actions can alter fundamental behaviors of individuals and groups, which may directly impact their life history parameters in unforeseen ways. This is especially true for highly social animals because changes in one individual's behavior can cascade throughout its social...
A potential metric of the attractiveness of bird song to humans
Contributor(s):: Blackburn, T. M., Su, Shan, Cassey, P.
The prevalence of passerines (mostly oscines, or songbirds) in international bird trade suggests that the possession or production of a song that is attractive or desirable to people may contribute to the likelihood of a species being traded. Testing this is difficult because we lack a general...
Contributor(s):: Russell, Helen Ross
The role, size, and effectiveness of safety zones for creating refuges for white-tailed deer
Contributor(s):: Bowman, J. L.
Lead-free, high-powered rifle bullets and their applicability in wildlife management
Contributor(s):: Caudell, J. N., Stopak, Wolf, P. C.
Wildlife management professionals need to redefine the terms: lethal control, nonlethal control, and live trap
Contributor(s):: Vantassel, S. M.
Latitudinal variation in diet and patterns of human interaction in the marine otter
Contributor(s):: Mangel, J. C., Whitty, T., Medina-Vogel, G., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Caceres, C., Godley, B. J.
The marine otter (Lontra felina) inhabits patches of rocky coastline from central Peru to southern Chile and is classified as Endangered by the IUCN. Given the limited information available about the species, we set out to assess marine otter diet with a view to detecting latitudinal differences,...
Interactions between visitors and Formosan macaques ( Macaca cyclopis ) at Shou-Shan Nature Park, Taiwan
Contributor(s):: Hsu, M. J., Kao, ChienChing, Agoramoorthy, G.
Ecotourism involving feeding wildlife has raised public attention and is a controversial issue, especially concerning nonhuman primates. Between July 2002 and April 2005, the behavior of monkeys and tourists was collected through scan samplings, focal samplings and behavior samplings at the...
The efficacy of collar-mounted devices in reducing the rate of predation of wildlife by domestic cats
Contributor(s):: Nelson, S. H., Evans, A. D., Bradbury, R. B.
Volunteer cat owners from across the UK were recruited to take part in two trials designed to test the efficacy of collar-mounted warning devices in reducing cat predation rates of native wildlife. Cats equipped with a bell returned 34% fewer mammals and 41% fewer birds than those with a plain...
Quantifying human disturbance on antipredator behavior and flush initiation distance in yellow-bellied marmots
Contributor(s):: Li, ChunWang, Monclus, R., Maul, T. L., Jiang, ZhiGang, Blumstein, D. T.
Human disturbance may differentially affect the behavior of wild animals and such behavioral perturbations may have fitness consequences. To understand the effects of specific types of human disturbance on antipredator behavior, a behavior whose performance enhances survival, we studied...
Feral pigs in Hawai'i: using behavior and ecology to refine control techniques
Contributor(s):: Nogueira, S. S. da C., Nogueira Filho, S. L. G., Bassford, M., Silvius, K., Fragoso, J. M. V.
Early Polynesians settlers were the first to introduce pigs to the Hawaiian Islands. Later Captain Cook brought European pigs during his first voyage to Hawai'i. Many other importations have followed. Animals from these introductions became feral and dispersed throughout the islands. Free-ranging...
Protecting egg prey from Carrion Crows: the potential of aversive conditioning
Contributor(s):: Cox, R., Baker, S. E., Macdonald, D. W., Berdoy, M.
Carrion Crows, Corvus corone, are held responsible for taking the eggs and chicks of many bird species. In areas of conservation significance, intervention may be required. Traditionally, managers have attempted to control predation by killing predators, but this may not be the most effective or...