The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
A potential metric of the attractiveness of bird song to humans
Contributor(s):: Blackburn, T. M., Su, Shan, Cassey, P.
The prevalence of passerines (mostly oscines, or songbirds) in international bird trade suggests that the possession or production of a song that is attractive or desirable to people may contribute to the likelihood of a species being traded. Testing this is difficult because we lack a general...
A report of capture myopathy in the Tasmanian pademelon ( Thylogale billardierii)
Contributor(s):: McMahon, C. R., Wiggins, N. L., French, V., McCallum, H. I., Bowman, D.
Animal welfare and pest control: meeting both conservation and animal welfare goals. (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Littin, K. E.
Vertebrate pest control is an area where conservation and animal welfare goals can be in direct conflict. Is it possible to meet goals in both areas in one pest control operation? Vertebrate pests, including unwanted or overabundant wildlife, are controlled for many reasons related to protecting...
Behavior of feral horses in response to culling and GnRH immunocontraception
Contributor(s):: Ransom, J. I., Powers, J. G., Garbe, H. M., Oehler, M. W., Sr., Nett, T. M., Baker, D. L.
Wildlife management actions can alter fundamental behaviors of individuals and groups, which may directly impact their life history parameters in unforeseen ways. This is especially true for highly social animals because changes in one individual's behavior can cascade throughout its social...
Behavioural and corticosterone responses to capture and confinement of wild blackbirds ( Turdus merula )
Contributor(s):: Adams, N. J., Farnworth, M. J., Rickett, J., Parker, K. A., Cockrem, J. F.
Capture and temporary confinement of wild birds are integral parts of wildlife management practice and research used, for example, during translocation or reintroduction initiatives. We report here on the behavioural and stress hormone (corticosterone) responses of wild blackbirds (Turdus merula)...
Convergence of culture, ecology, and ethics: management of feral swamp buffalo in Northern Australia
Contributor(s):: Albrecht, G., McMahon, C. R., Bowman, D. M. J. S., Bradshaw, C. J. A.
This paper examines the identity of Asian swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) from different value orientations. Buffalo were introduced into Northern (Top End) Australia in the early nineteenth century. A team of transdisciplinary researchers, including an ethicist, has been engaged in field...
Countering brutality to wildlife, relationism and ethics: conservation, welfare and the 'ecoversity'. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)
Contributor(s):: Garlick, S., Matthews, J., Carter, J.
Wildlife objectification and cruelty are everyday aspects of Australian society that eschew values of human kindness, empathy, and an understanding of the uniqueness and importance of non-human life in the natural world. Fostered by institutional failure, greed and selfishness, and the worst...
Developing fish passage and protection at hydropower dams. (Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Schilt, C. R.
The development of waterways, for hydropower and other industrial uses, has substantially altered many of the freshwater habitats of the planet and this has had considerable impact upon aquatic organisms. Industrial changes in aquatic ecosystems, including hydropower development, can restrict or...
Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago
Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.
Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their implementation....
Indicators of biodiversity and conservational wildlife quality on Danish organic farms for use in farm management: a multidisciplinary approach to indicator development and testing
Contributor(s):: Noe, E., Halberg, N., Reddersen, J.
Organic farming is expected to contribute to conserving national biodiversity on farms, especially remnant, old, and undisturbed small biotopes, forests, and permanent grassland. This objective cannot rely on the legislation of organic farming solely, and to succeed, farmers need to understand...
Interactions between visitors and Formosan macaques ( Macaca cyclopis ) at Shou-Shan Nature Park, Taiwan
Contributor(s):: Hsu, M. J., Kao, ChienChing, Agoramoorthy, G.
Ecotourism involving feeding wildlife has raised public attention and is a controversial issue, especially concerning nonhuman primates. Between July 2002 and April 2005, the behavior of monkeys and tourists was collected through scan samplings, focal samplings and behavior samplings at the...
Latitudinal variation in diet and patterns of human interaction in the marine otter
Contributor(s):: Mangel, J. C., Whitty, T., Medina-Vogel, G., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Caceres, C., Godley, B. J.
The marine otter (Lontra felina) inhabits patches of rocky coastline from central Peru to southern Chile and is classified as Endangered by the IUCN. Given the limited information available about the species, we set out to assess marine otter diet with a view to detecting latitudinal differences,...
Mammal trapping: a review of animal welfare standards of killing and restraining traps
Contributor(s):: Iossa, G., Soulsbury, C. D., Harris, S.
Millions of wild mammals are trapped annually for fur, pest control and wildlife management. Ensuring the welfare of trapped individuals can only be achieved by trapping methods that meet accepted standards of animal welfare. At the international level, the assessment of mechanical properties of...
Patterns of human-coyote conflicts in the Denver Metropolitan Area
Contributor(s):: Poessel, S. A., Breck, S. W., Teel, T. L., Shwiff, S., Crooks, K. R., Angeloni, L.
Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study
Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.
Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...
Quantifying human disturbance on antipredator behavior and flush initiation distance in yellow-bellied marmots
Contributor(s):: Li, ChunWang, Monclus, R., Maul, T. L., Jiang, ZhiGang, Blumstein, D. T.
Human disturbance may differentially affect the behavior of wild animals and such behavioral perturbations may have fitness consequences. To understand the effects of specific types of human disturbance on antipredator behavior, a behavior whose performance enhances survival, we studied...
Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia
Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.
Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...
Survival, fecundity, and movements of free-roaming cats
Contributor(s):: Schmidt, P. M., Lopez, R. R., Collier, B. A.
Free-roaming cats (e.g., owned, semi-feral, and feral) impact wildlife worldwide through predation, competition, and disease transmission. Baseline ecological information necessary for population management is lacking. We radiocollared free-roaming cats (feral, n=30; semi-feral, n=14; owned,...
The Cayman Turtle Farm: why we can't have our green turtle and eat it too
Contributor(s):: D'Cruze, N., Alcock, R., Donnelly, M.
The Cayman Turtle Farm (CTF) is the only facility in the world that commercially produces green sea turtles ( Chelonia mydas) for human consumption. The CTF has operated at a significant financial loss for much of its 45 years history and is maintained by substantial Cayman Island Government...
The effects of gestagen implants on the behaviour of free-ranging female koalas
Contributor(s):: Hynes, E. F., Handasyde, K. A., Shaw, G., Renfree, M. B.
Hormonal contraception is an increasingly important management tool for control of highly abundant populations of wildlife but may have both predictable and unpredictable effects on behaviour, with consequent implications for management and animal welfare. In a study of free-ranging koalas we...