Hibernation Patterns of the European Hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus, at a Cornish Rescue Centre
| Contributor(s):: Kathryn E. South, Kelly Haynes, Angus C. Jackson
The European hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus, is frequently admitted to rescue centres in the UK. With many overwintering in captivity, there is cause to investigate hibernation patterns in order to inform and improve husbandry and monitoring protocols. Thirty-five hedgehogs were studied...
Survival rates o f cat-attacked birds admitted to RSPCA wildlife centres in the UK: implications for cat owners and wildlife rehabilitators
| Contributor(s):: Baker, P. J., Thompson, R., Grogan, A.
Assessment of Welfare in Zoo Animals: Towards Optimum Quality of Life
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| Contributor(s):: Sarah Wolfensohn, Justine Shotton, Hannah Bowley, Sian Davies, Sarah Thompson, William S. M. Justice
Maintaining a high standard of animal welfare is essential in zoos, and methods of animal welfare assessment should aim to evaluate positive as well as negative states. The indicators that are useful in assessing these are discussed as there is huge variability in the available information...
Should the Endangered Status of the Giant Panda Really Be Reduced? The Case of Giant Panda Conservation in Sichuan, China
| Contributor(s):: Ben Ma, Shuo Lei, Qin Qing, Yali Wen
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) reduced the threat status of the giant panda from “endangered” to “vulnerable” in September 2016. In this study, we analyzed current practices for giant panda conservation at regional and local environmental...
A Cultural Conscience for Conservation
| Contributor(s):: Caroline Good, Dawn Burnham, David W Macdonald
On 2 July 2015, the killing of a lion nicknamed “Cecil” prompted the largest global reaction in the history of wildlife conservation. In response to this, it is propitious to consider the ways in which this moment can be developed into a financial movement to transform the...
The Ethics of the Ecology of Fear against the Nonspeciesist Paradigm: A Shift in the Aims of Intervention in Nature
| Contributor(s):: Horta, Oscar
Extinction Risk and Conservation of the World's Sharks and Rays
| Contributor(s):: Nicholas K. Dulvy, Sarah L. Fowler, John A. Musick, Rachel D. Cavanagh, Peter M. Kyne, Lucy R. Harrison, John K. Carlson, Lindsay N.K. Davidson, Sonja V. Fordham, Malcolm P. Francis, Caroline M. Pollock, Colin A. Simpfendorfer, George H. Burgess, Kent E. Carpenter, Leonard J.V. Compagno, David A. Ebert, Claudine Gibson, Michelle R. Heupel, Suzanne R. Livingstone, Jonnell C. Sanciangco, John D. Stevens, Sarah Valenti, William T. White
The rapid expansion of human activities threatens ocean-wide biodiversity. Numerous marine animal populations have declined, yet it remains unclear whether these trends are symptomatic of a chronic accumulation of global marine extinction risk. We present the first systematic analysis of threat...
Effects of Ocean Recreational Users on Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Santa Monica Bay, California
| Contributor(s):: Amber D. Fandel, Maddalena Bearzi, Taylor C. Cook
Coastal bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) have been observed in proximity to swimmers, kayakers, stand-up paddle boarders and surfers along near-shore corridors in the Santa Monica Bay, California. From 1997 to 2012, a total of 220 coastal boat-based focal follows of dolphin schools were...
A Hypothetical Engagement: GATT Article XX(a) and Indonesia's FATWA Against Trade in Endangered Species
| Contributor(s):: Lisa M. Meissner
The greatest recognized threat facing biodiversity conservation today is habitat destruction. Other threats include but are not limited to global climate change, encroachment, illegal wildlife trafficking, and overexploitation through intensive agricultural and commercial uses. Although wildlife...
Exemption Process under the Endangered Species Act: How the God Squad Works and Why
| Contributor(s):: des Rosiers
Suppose the long-snouted ferret, native to the state of Jefferson, is nearing extinction. This species of ferret lives in the high plains region and can only survive in this environment. Only 1,000 breeding adults survive. Suppose further that the high plains of Jefferson are...
The Role of Hybridization and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service Biologists' Discretion in the Implementation of the Endangered Species Act
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer F. Lind-riehl
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) requires that the “best available scientific and commercial data” be used to enable the protection of critically imperiled species from extinction and preserve biodiversity. However, the ESA does not provide specific guidance on how to apply this...
The Risk of Extinction: A Risk Analysis of the Endangered Species Act as Compared to CITES
| Contributor(s):: David Favre
Life for any individual is a series of risk assessments. The continued existence of a particular species depends on the sum total of the risks or rewards realized by the actions of each individual member plus the sum total of the risks or rewards imposed upon that species by...
The African Elephant and The United States' Effect on The Survival of The Species
| Contributor(s):: Laurel Mcneill
Initially, this paper will explore the major conditions affecting African elephant populations, the deleterious relationship between these animals and humans, and what is necessary to strike a balance for successful coexistence. The focus will then move towards an examination of the federal...
Human Activity Differentially Redistributes Large Mammals in the Canadian Rockies National Parks
| Contributor(s):: James Kimo Rogala, Mark Hebblewhite, Jesse Whittington, Cliff A. White, Jenny Coleshill, Marco Musiani
National parks are important for conservation of species such as wolves (Canis lupus) and elk (Cervus canadensis). However, topography, vegetation conditions, and anthropogenic infrastructure within parks may limit available habitat. Human activity on trails and roads may lead to indirect habitat...
Countering Brutality to Wildlife, Relationism and Ethics: Conservation, Welfare and the 'Ecoversity'
| Contributor(s):: Steve Garlick, Julie Matthews, Jennifer Carter
Wildlife objectification and cruelty are everyday aspects of Australian society that eschew values of human kindness, empathy, and an understanding of the uniqueness and importance of non-human life in the natural world. Fostered by institutional failure, greed and selfishness, and the worst...
Community-based monitoring of tigers in Nepal
| Contributor(s):: Teri Allendorf, Bhim Gurung, J. L. David Smith
Local citizens recruited and trained as bagh heralu (“tiger watchers”) helped us to collect information on the distribution of tiger throughout the Tarai of Nepal. While the ultimate goal of the bagh heralu program was to map the current metapopulation of tigers in Nepal and to determine extent...
Behavioural testing of dogs in animal shelters to predict problem behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Borg, J. A. M. van der, Netto, W. J., Planta, D. J. U.
Although new homes can be found for dogs in animal shelters, many returned. This is due partly to a poor 'match' between dog and new owner. A better prediction of problem behaviour could improve the matching procedure. A set of tests was developed to test four problem-related behavioural...
Reversing Extinction: Restoration and Resurrection in the Pleistocene Rewilding Projects
| Contributor(s):: Chrulew, Matthew