Confessions of a Wildlife Filmmaker | Chris Palmer | TEDxAmericanUniversity
| Contributor(s):: Chris Palmer
Television networks like Discovery, Animal Planet, National Geographic, and the History Channel are failing to put conservation, education, and animal welfare ahead of ratings and profits when producing and airing films on wildlife. I believe it's time for wildlife filmmaking to move in a...
Türk kültür tarihinde at ve kurt
| Contributor(s):: Yunus Emre Seyis
Bu çalışma, özellikle Genel Türk Tarihinden temel alınarak Türklerin yaşayışlarında, inançlarında ve kültürlerinde hayvanların etkisi ve üslubunu araştırmaktır. Bu bağlamda mevcut dönemi anlatan destan, efsane gibi edebi anlatılar olmak...
Attitudes of wildlife park visitors towards returning wildlife species: An analysis of patterns and correlates
| Contributor(s):: Ostermann-Miyashita, Emu-Felicitas, Pernat, Nadja, Koenig, Hannes J., Hemminger, Karoline, Gandl, Nina, Bellingrath-Kimura, Sonoko Dorothea, Hibler, Sophia, Kiffner, Christian
Wolf Media Coverage in the Region of Castilla y León (Spain): Variations over Time and in Two Contrasting Socio-Ecological Settings
| Contributor(s):: Miguel Delibes-Mateos
People’s attitudes towards large carnivores, and thus public support for their conservation, can be influenced by how these species are framed in the media. Therefore, assessing media coverage of large carnivores is of particular interest for their coexistence with humans. I used content...
Unnatural Pumas and Domestic Foxes: Relations with Protected Predators and Conspiratorial Rumours in Southern Chile
| Contributor(s):: Benavides, P., Caviedes, J.
Environmentalities of coexistence with wolves in the Cantabrian Mountains of Spain
| Contributor(s):: Marino, A., Blanco, J. C., Cortes-Vazquez, J. A., Lopez-Bao, J. V., Bosch, A. P., Durant, S. M.
Coexistence between humans and large carnivores is mediated by diverse values and interactions. We focus on four sites in the Cantabrian Mountains of Spain with a history of continuous wolf presence to examine how perceptions of coexistence vary across contexts. We conducted semi-structured and...
Assessment of Attachment Behavior to Human Caregivers in Wolf Pups (Canis lupus lupus)
| Contributor(s):: Nathaniel J. Hall, Kathryn Lord, Anne-‐Marie K. Arnold, Clive D.L. Wynne, Monique A.R. Udell
Previous research suggested that 16-‐week old dog pups, but not wolf pups, show attachment behaviour to a human caregiver. Attachment to a caregiver in dog pups has been demonstrated by differential responding to a caregiver compared to a stranger in the Ainsworth Strange...
Intraspecific Motor and Emotional Alignment in Dogs and Wolves: The Basic Building Blocks of Dog–Human Affective Connectedness
| Contributor(s):: Elisabetta Palagi, Giada Cordoni
Involuntary synchronization occurs when individuals perform the same motor action patterns during a very short time lapse. This phenomenon serves an important adaptive value for animals permitting them to socially align with group fellows thus increasing integration and fitness benefits. Rapid...
Cooperative Communication with Humans Evolved to Emerge Early in Domestic Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Hannah Salomons, Kyle C.M. Smith, Megan Callahan-Beckel, Margaret Callahan, Kerinne Levy, Brenda S. Kennedy, Emily E. Bray, Gitanjali E. Gnanadesikan, Daniel J. Horschler, Margaret Gruen, Jingzhi Tan, Philip White, Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Evan L. MacLean, Brian Hare
Although we know that dogs evolved from wolves, it remains unclear how domestication affected dog cognition. One hypothesis suggests dog domestication altered social maturation by a process of selecting for an attraction to humans.1, 2, 3 Under this account, dogs became more...
The Perceptions of Michigan Hunters Regarding Wolves (Canis Lupus) and the ldea of a Wolf-Hunt as a Management Option
| Contributor(s):: Zachary A. Merrill
Gray wolves (Canis lupus) are an important keystone species in mixed forest ecosystems throughout the Great Lakes region. Due to wolves being placed on the Endangered Species List in 1974, the wolf population of Michigan has increased from near extinction in 1974 to greater than 650 in 2013....
Breed group differences in the unsolvable problem task: Herding dogs prefer their owner, while solitary hunting dogs seek stranger proximity
| Contributor(s):: Van Poucke, Enya, Höglin, Amanda, Jensen, Per, Roth, Lina S. V.
The communicating skills of dogs are well documented and especially their contact-seeking behaviours towards humans. The aim of this study was to use the unsolvable problem paradigm to investigate differences between breed groups in their contact-seeking behaviours towards their owner and a...
The tail wagging the dog: positive attitude towards livestock guarding dogs do not mitigate pastoralists' opinions of wolves or grizzly bears
| Contributor(s):: Daniel Kinka, Julie K. Young
While the re-establishment of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) and wolves (Canis lupus) in the American West marks a success for conservation, it has been contentious among pastoralists. Coincidentally, livestock guarding dogs (LGDs; Canis familiaris) have been widely adopted by producers of...
Dogs and wolves differ in their response allocation to their owner/caregiver or food in a concurrent choice procedure
| Contributor(s):: Isernia, L., Wynne, C. D. L., House, L., Feuerbacher, E. N.
Dogs and wolves both show attachment-like behaviors to their owners/caregivers, including exploring more in the presence of the owner/caregiver, and greeting the owner/caregiver more effusively after an absence. Concurrent choice studies can elucidate dogs’ and wolves’...
Back to the Future: A Glance Over Wolf Social Behavior to Understand Dog–Human Relationship
| Contributor(s):: Giada Cordoni, Elisabetta Palagi
This review focuses on wolf sociobiology to delineate the traits of cooperative baggage driven by natural selection (wolf-wolf cooperation) and better understand the changes obtained by artificial selection (dog-human cooperation). We selected some behaviors of the dog’s...
Human Induced Rotation and Reorganization of the Brain of Domestic Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Taryn Roberts, Paul McGreevy, Michael Valenzuela
Domestic dogs exhibit an extraordinary degree of morphological diversity. Such breed-to-breed variability applies equally to the canine skull, however little is known about whether this translates to systematic differences in cerebral organization. By looking at the paramedian sagittal magnetic...
Status and Magnitude of Grey Wolf Conflict with Pastoral Communities in the Foothills of the Hindu Kush Region of Pakistan
| Contributor(s):: Tauheed Ullah Khan, Xiaofeng Luan, Shahid Ahmad, Abdul Mannan, Waqif Khan, Abdul Aziz Khan, Barkat Ullah Khan, Emad Ud Din, Suman Bhattarai, Sher Shah, Sajjad Saeed, Ummay Amara
Pastoralist–wolf conflict over livestock depredation is the main factor affecting conservation of grey wolf worldwide. Very limited research has been carried out to evaluate the pattern and nature of livestock depredation by wolf. This study aims to determine the status and nature of...
Is livestock husbandry more stressing than other anthropic activities to wild carnivores?
| Contributor(s):: Arzabe, Ariel A., Retamal, Patricio, Simonetti, Javier A.
Land use changes and associated human activities modify environmental conditions for wild carnivores. Livestock husbandry among them is regarded a major threat to wild carnivores due to their persecution and retaliatory hunt for preying upon livestock albeit other land use changes could also...
Ballot Measures and Subversion of Direct Democracy: Initiatives to Outlaw Aerial Wolf Killing in Alaska
| Contributor(s):: Simon, Alexander, Clark, Steven C.
Activists often utilize ballot measures to protect wildlife. However, state executive branches may employ a variety of means to subvert direct democracy. We examine some of these tactics via a case study of two nearly identical ballot initiatives that were intended to outlaw the aerial killing of...
Effects of Visitors and Enrichments on Behavior of Captive Red Wolves' (Canis rufus) at the Great Plains Zoo, Sioux Falls, South Dakota
| Contributor(s):: Kylee S. Shotkoski
Red wolves (Canis rufus) are the first animals to maintain a wild population from captive, released individuals. A captive breeding program for red wolves was started before complete extirpation, and 4 breeding pairs were released in Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge (North Carolina) in...
Analysis of tooth mark patterns on bone remains caused by wolves (Canis lupus) and domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) for taxonomic identification: A scoping review focused on their value as a forensic tool
| Contributor(s):: Toledo González, Víctor, Ortega Ojeda, Fernando, Fonseca, Gabriel M., García-Ruiz, Carmen, Pérez-Lloret, Pilar
The interaction between canids and humans is not free of conflicts. In Europe, wolf and dog attacks on domestic animals cause social and financial damages. Governments spend significant sums in compensation payments. Some of the allegations of wolf attacks on livestock may be false or difficult...