Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs
Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.
Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...
An ounce of prevention: Quantifying the effects of non-lethal tools on wolf behavior
Contributor(s):: Much, Rebecca M., Breck, Stewart W., Lance, Nathan J., Callahan, Peggy
Human-carnivore conflict is presently on the rise as human populations continue to grow and carnivore conservation efforts gain precedence. The behaviors exhibited by carnivores that cause conflict are often learned; therefore, reducing learning potential though the use of non-lethal tools is...
Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area
| Contributor(s):: Krithi K. Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Ruth DeFries, Natasha Ballal
Mitigating crop and livestock loss to wildlife and improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas. The lack of rigorously collected spatial data poses a challenge to management efforts to...
Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal
The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...
Helminth Fauna in Captive European Gray Wolves (Canis lupus lupus) in Germany
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Johanna Daniela Bindke, Andrea Springer, Michael Böer, Christina Strube
Captive as well as free-ranging wolves, which are currently recolonizing Germany, may harbor a variety of gastrointestinal parasites. This study investigated endoparasites in captive European gray wolves (Canis lupus lupus) using coproscopical methods. Fecal samples were collected monthly...
How Wolves Turned into Dogs and How Dogs Are Valuable in Meeting Human Social Needs
| Contributor(s):: Kurt Kotrschal
A wealth of recent behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic results allows us to draw a new, comprehensive picture of the human-wolf-dog relationship. Dogs originated from wolves 35,000 years ago, mainly via selection for tameness. Wolves were probably spiritual partners and hunting buddies of...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
| Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
| Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
| Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
Sociability and gazing toward humans in dogs and wolves: Simple behaviors with broad implications
| Contributor(s):: Bentosela, M., Wynne, C. D., D'Orazio, M., Elgier, A., Udell, M. A.
Structural variants in genes associated with human Williams-Beuren syndrome underlie stereotypical hypersociability in domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Emily Shuldiner, Ilana Janowitz Koch, Rebecca Y. Kartzinel, Andrew Hogan, Lauren Brubaker, Shelby Wanser, Daniel Stahler, Clive D. L. Wynne, Elaine A. Ostrander, Janet S. Sinsheimer, Monique A. R. Udell
Although considerable progress has been made in understanding the genetic basis of morphologic traits (for example, body size and coat color) in dogs and wolves, the genetic basis of their behavioral divergence is poorly understood. An integrative approach using both behavioral and genetic data...
The Dog: A Domestic Wolf to Communicate with Man: The Aggressiveness of the Dog
| Contributor(s):: Jean-Mane Giffroy
On the basis of research in archeozoology and molecular genetics, it is established that the wolf is the main ancestor of the dog and that domestication would have occurred some 14,000 or 15,000 years ago, 5,000 years before the domestication of another species. The place or places of the first...
Waiting for Wolves in Japan: An Anthropological Study of People-Wildlife Relations
| Contributor(s):: John Knight
Insights into wolf presence in human-dominated landscapes: The relative role of food availability, humans and landscape attributes
| Contributor(s):: Luis Llaneza, Jose V. Lopez-Bao, Victor Sazatornil
Aim Understanding which human or environmental factors interact to enable or to limit the occurrence and persistence of large carnivores in human-dominated landscapes is an important issue for their effective conservation, especially under the current scenario of global change where most of their...
Assessment of attachment behaviour to human caregivers in wolf pups (Canis lupus lupus)
| Contributor(s):: Nathaniel J. Hall, Kathryn Lord, Anne-Marie K. Arnold, Clive D.L. Wynne, Monique Udell
Previous research suggested that 16-week old dog pups, but not wolf pups, show attachment behaviour to a human caregiver. Attachment to a caregiver in dog pups has been demonstrated by differential responding to a caregiver compared to a stranger in the Ainsworth Strange Situation Test. We show...
Wolf Reintroduction Into Yellowstone Park
| Contributor(s):: Erin Quartley