Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs
Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.
Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...
An ounce of prevention: Quantifying the effects of non-lethal tools on wolf behavior
Contributor(s):: Much, Rebecca M., Breck, Stewart W., Lance, Nathan J., Callahan, Peggy
Human-carnivore conflict is presently on the rise as human populations continue to grow and carnivore conservation efforts gain precedence. The behaviors exhibited by carnivores that cause conflict are often learned; therefore, reducing learning potential though the use of non-lethal tools is...
Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area
| Contributor(s):: Krithi K. Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Ruth DeFries, Natasha Ballal
Mitigating crop and livestock loss to wildlife and improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas. The lack of rigorously collected spatial data poses a challenge to management efforts to...
What Your Dog Can Teach You About Aliens | Arik Kershenbaum | TEDxCambridgeUniversity
| Contributor(s):: Arik Kershenbaum
Animal communication on Earth shows us fundamental constraints on language that would also apply on any other planet. Dr Arik Kershenbaum is a zoologist at the University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of Girton College. He researches animal communication, particularly in cooperative predators like...
Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal
The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...
Helminth Fauna in Captive European Gray Wolves (Canis lupus lupus) in Germany
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Johanna Daniela Bindke, Andrea Springer, Michael Böer, Christina Strube
Captive as well as free-ranging wolves, which are currently recolonizing Germany, may harbor a variety of gastrointestinal parasites. This study investigated endoparasites in captive European gray wolves (Canis lupus lupus) using coproscopical methods. Fecal samples were collected monthly...
How Wolves Turned into Dogs and How Dogs Are Valuable in Meeting Human Social Needs
| Contributor(s):: Kurt Kotrschal
A wealth of recent behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic results allows us to draw a new, comprehensive picture of the human-wolf-dog relationship. Dogs originated from wolves 35,000 years ago, mainly via selection for tameness. Wolves were probably spiritual partners and hunting buddies of...
The Wolf and the Animal Lover
| Contributor(s):: Martin Drenthen
For Aristotle a true friendship can only exist between free human beings, because true friendship is based on a shared understanding of the good. Yet today, some animal philosophers argue that friendships can exist between humans and animals, maybe not in Aristotle’s sense of the word but...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
| Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
| Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
| Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
Sociability and gazing toward humans in dogs and wolves: Simple behaviors with broad implications
| Contributor(s):: Bentosela, M., Wynne, C. D., D'Orazio, M., Elgier, A., Udell, M. A.
Animal viewing in postmodern America : a case study of the Yellowstone wolf watchers
| Contributor(s):: Jo Anne Young
The purpose of this thesis is to examine the American relationship with wildlife by way of a case study of the Yellowstone wolf watchers. The American relationship with nature and animals changed at a never before seen rate during the modern era because of capitalism and industrialization. Our...
Structural variants in genes associated with human Williams-Beuren syndrome underlie stereotypical hypersociability in domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Emily Shuldiner, Ilana Janowitz Koch, Rebecca Y. Kartzinel, Andrew Hogan, Lauren Brubaker, Shelby Wanser, Daniel Stahler, Clive D. L. Wynne, Elaine A. Ostrander, Janet S. Sinsheimer, Monique A. R. Udell
Although considerable progress has been made in understanding the genetic basis of morphologic traits (for example, body size and coat color) in dogs and wolves, the genetic basis of their behavioral divergence is poorly understood. An integrative approach using both behavioral and genetic data...
Wolves in human-dominated landscapes of Northwestern Iberian Peninsula
| Contributor(s):: Luis Llaneza Rodriguez
This thesis has focused on the study of different aspects of wolf (Canis lupus) ecology to try explain its presence and persistence in human-dominated landscapes. We analyzed factors affecting the presence of the wolf in relation to the availability of food, landscape features and human...
The Dog: A Domestic Wolf to Communicate with Man: The Aggressiveness of the Dog
| Contributor(s):: Jean-Mane Giffroy
On the basis of research in archeozoology and molecular genetics, it is established that the wolf is the main ancestor of the dog and that domestication would have occurred some 14,000 or 15,000 years ago, 5,000 years before the domestication of another species. The place or places of the first...
Waiting for Wolves in Japan: An Anthropological Study of People-Wildlife Relations
| Contributor(s):: John Knight
Survey of Attitudes Toward, Conflicts With and Management Of Wolves and Bears in Rural Villages in Armenia
| Contributor(s):: Serda Ozbenian
Many studies aimed at assessing human attitudes towards and negative interactions (conflicts) with carnivores, such as wolves (Canis lupus) and bears (Ursus arctos), have been conducted throughout the world. Although villagers in Armenia have reported conflicts with these...