Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation
Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.
This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...
Filial attachment in sheep: similarities and differences between ewe-lamb and human-lamb relationships
Contributor(s):: Nowak, R., Boivin, X.
Animals develop relationships with intra- and interspecific partners, including humans. In some cases this can lead to strong emotional bonds indicating the existence of attachment. The sheep is well known to develop various forms of social attachment (mothers towards young, lambs towards...
Space allowance during gestation and early maternal separation: effects on the fear response and social motivation of lambs
Contributor(s):: Averos, X., Marchewka, J., Beltran de Heredia, I., Zanella, A. J., Ruiz, R., Estevez, I.
A common prenatal stressor in lambs is early maternal separation, which may be aggravated by spatial restriction of ewes during pregnancy. They may influence lambs' development and coping abilities. The aim of this study was to determine how space allowance provided to ewes during pregnancy and...
Evaluation of microwave energy as a humane stunning technique based on electroencephalography (EEG) of anaesthetised cattle
Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Cakebread, P. L., Mellor, D. J., Johnson, C. B.
Humane slaughter implies that an animal experiences minimal pain and distress before it is killed. Stunning is commonly used to induce insensibility but can lead to variable results or be considered unsatisfactory by some religious groups. Microwave energy can induce insensibility in rats, and...
Behavior of lambs in rest pens during long-distance transport
Contributor(s):: Krawczel, P. D., Friend, T. H., Archer, G. S.
The aim of this study was to determine how one group of lambs utilized 2 consecutive rest periods in novel environments with access to food and water that occurred during 22 hr of motor transport. The 18.5+or-0.6 kg lambs (n=15) were transported for 8 hr and then unloaded for a 6-hr rest period....
Determination of sheep learning responses to a directional audio cue
Contributor(s):: Morris, J. E., Fisher, A. D., Doyle, R. E., Bush, R. D.
There are scientific opinions that a nonhuman animal cannot feel emotions, and, hence, positive experiences, without being cognitive. Therefore, determining an animal's cognitive capacity can be useful in supporting the existence of emotions. Research shows that sheep can perform tasks based on...
Livestock vehicle accidents in Spain: causes, consequences, and effects on animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Sepulveda, W. S., Villarroel, M., Maria, G. A.
Livestock vehicle accidents are rare but involve significant economic, human, and nonhuman farm animal losses. This study obtained information on the characteristics of accidents, the animals involved, and injuries to humans from newspaper reports about livestock vehicle accidents in Spain from...
A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep
Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.
Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...
Welfare by the ear: comparing relative durations and frequencies of ear postures by using an automated tracking system in sheep
Contributor(s):: Vogeli, S., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.
Given the increased interest in animal emotional reactions for assessing welfare, indicators for such reactions are sought. Ear postures and movements have been found to be promising indicators of emotional states in sheep and other animals. The manual recording of ear postures, however, is very...
Hefting onto place: intersecting lives of humans and sheep on Scottish hills landscape
Contributor(s):: Gray, J.
This paper analyzes the phenomenon called hefting of sheep onto the landscape of hill sheep farms in the Scottish Borders. It is based upon data collected during extended periods of ethnographic fieldwork beginning in 1981 and continuing to the present. Hefting is the term used by sheep farmers...
Electromagnetic induction of insensibility in animals: a review
Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.
Human-animal relationships at sheep and cattle abattoirs
Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., Rice, M., Hemsworth, P. H.
Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids
Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.
Observing lame sheep: evaluating test agreement between group-level and individual animal methods of assessment
Contributor(s):: Phythian, C. J., Cripps, P. C., Grove-White, D., Jones, P. H., Michalopoulou, E., Duncan, J. S.
Preliminary investigations into the use of microwave energy for reversible stunning of sheep
Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Keates, H., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.
The human-animal interface of domestic livestock management and production and its relationship to brucellosis in the country of Georgia 2010: a rapid assessment analysis
Contributor(s):: Havas, K. A., Ramishvili, M., Navdarashvili, A., Imnadze, P., Salman, M.
The use of quantitative risk assessment to assess lifetime welfare outcomes for breech strike and mulesing management options in Merino sheep
Contributor(s):: Fisher, A. D., Giraudo, A., Martin, P. A. J., Paton, M. W.
A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method
Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.
Assessment of unconsciousness during slaughter without stunning in lambs
Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Llonch, P.
Auditing animal welfare and making practical improvements in beef-, pork- and sheep-slaughter plants
Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.