A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep
Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.
Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...
A review of mulesing and other methods to control flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep
Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.
Flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep has the potential to have a major impact on the welfare of significant numbers of sheep worldwide, but particularly in Australia. The main control method used in Australia, the mulesing operation to remove folds of skin from the hindquarters of the sheep, is...
A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method
Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.
A review of welfare in cattle, sheep and pig lairages, with emphasis on stocking rates, ventilation and noise
Contributor(s):: Weeks, C. A.
Appropriate space allowances for animals are yet to be specifically determined for lairage. Space allowances that may be suitable for animals in lairage are suggested, based on reviewed studies of animals in transport, lairage and on farm. The longer animals are in lairage the more space they...
Adrenocorticotrophin-induced stress response in captive vicunas ( Vicugna vicugna ) in the Andes of Chile
Contributor(s):: Bonacic, C., Macdonald, D. W., Villouta, G.
The vicuna is mainly used in two ways: wild captured, shorn and returned to the wild; or wild captured and maintained in captivity as part of a programme of sustainable use in the Andes of South America. Farming of wild vicunas has hitherto involved no assessment of their welfare. In this study a...
Allosuckling allows growing offspring to compensate for insufficient maternal milk in farmed guanacos ( Lama guanicoe )
| Contributor(s):: Zapata, B., Correa, L., Soto-Gamboa, M., Latorre, E., Gonzalez, B. A., Ebensperger, L. A.
While allonursing, the provision of milk to non-offspring by females, involves a potential cost to their own offspring, allosuckling, the suckling from females other than their own mother may allow offspring to compensate for previous deficiencies in maternal milk. We tested this hypothesis in...
Animals' emotions: studies in sheep using appraisal theories
| Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Boissy, A., Desire, L., Greiveldinger, L.
Animal welfare concerns stem from recognition of the fact that animals can experience emotions such as pain or joy. Nevertheless, discussion of animal emotions is often considered anthropomorphic, and there is a clear need to use explanatory frameworks to understand animals' emotions. We borrowed...
Are double bunks used by indoor wintering sheep? Testing a proposal for organic farming in Norway
| Contributor(s):: Hansen, I., Lind, V.
The frequency with which ewe lambs lay on wooden surfaces at two levels, called "double bunks," was documented by video recording at 6, 11 and 18 months of age: the number in each of 4 pens (n=4) lying either on double bunks (DBs) or on the expanded metal floor (EMF) was recorded. At 6 months,...
Assessment of farmer recognition and reporting of lameness in adults in 35 lowland sheep flocks in England
| Contributor(s):: King, E. M., Green, L. E.
The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of farmer recognition and reporting of lameness in their sheep flock when compared with the prevalence of lameness observed by a researcher. Thirty-five sheep farms were visited. Farmers were asked for estimates of the prevalence of lameness in...
Assessment of sheep welfare using on-farm registrations and performance data
| Contributor(s):: Stubsjoen, S. M., Hektoen, L., Valle, P. S., Janczak, A. M., Zanella, A. J.
Farm animal welfare is a societal concern, and the need exists for scientific protocols to assess welfare. This paper describes the development of a protocol to assess the welfare of sheep (Ovis aries) and its application in 36 farms in Norway. There were two parts to the protocol; the animal-...
Assessment of unconsciousness during slaughter without stunning in lambs
| Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Llonch, P.
Associations between open-field behaviour and stress-induced hyperthermia in two breeds of sheep
| Contributor(s):: Pedernera-Romano, C., Torre, J. R. de la, Badiella, L., Manteca, X.
In sheep (Ovis aries) and other farm animals, routine husbandry procedures can cause negative emotions, such as fear, which are generally considered to reduce animal welfare. The open-field test (OFT) is the most widely used test to measure fearfulness in animals. The induction of psychological...
Attitudes towards animal use and belief in animal mind
| Contributor(s):: Knight, S., Vrij, A., Cherryman, J., Nunkoosing, K.
Animals are used by humans in many ways, yet science has paid little attention to the study of human-animal relationships (Melson 2002). In the present study, participants (n=96) completed a questionnaire on attitudes towards animal use, and individual differences were examined to determine which...
Auditing animal welfare and making practical improvements in beef-, pork- and sheep-slaughter plants
| Contributor(s):: Grandin, T.
Avoidance distance in sheep: test-retest reliability and relationship with stockmen attitude
| Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Rosa, G. de, Girolami, A., Scavone, M., Braghieri, A.
Validity and reliability of simple measures of human animal relationship, such as avoidance distance in the pen (AD), avoidance distance at the manger (ADM) and percentage of animals not accepting to be touched at the manger (ADM0), were assessed in 20 sheep farms. Validity was tested using an...
Behavior of lambs in rest pens during long-distance transport
| Contributor(s):: Krawczel, P. D., Friend, T. H., Archer, G. S.
The aim of this study was to determine how one group of lambs utilized 2 consecutive rest periods in novel environments with access to food and water that occurred during 22 hr of motor transport. The 18.5+or-0.6 kg lambs (n=15) were transported for 8 hr and then unloaded for a 6-hr rest period....
Behaviour of growing lambs housed on straw or woodchip bedding materials and their preference for floor type
| Contributor(s):: Wolf, B. T., Molloy, H. R. B., Trayte, M. J., Rose, M. T.
Straw is widely used as a bedding material for housed sheep, but alternatives are needed in regions where straw is expensive or in short supply. The aim of this work was to compare time budgets, growth and food intake of growing, finishing lambs housed on either woodchip or straw bedding...
Behavioural and physiological consequences of capture for shearing of vicunas in Argentina
| Contributor(s):: Arzamendia, Y., Bonacic, C., Vila, B.
Behavioural, physical and physiological responses of Argentinean vicunas to capture, handling and shearing were studied for the first time. The research was undertaken in a study area of 2414 ha with a mean density of 12-40 vicunas/km2. Captures were conducted on groups of wild vicunas that had...
Behavioural reactivity of ewes and lambs during partial and total social isolation
| Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Matthews, L. R., Messori, S., Vulpiani, M. P., Ferri, N.
This work investigated the differences in the reactivity of Sarda (primiparous n=18, multiparous n=17) and Dorset (multiparous n=8) breeds of sheep and their singleton lambs to two challenging test situations involving a mother-lamb partial separation test and an isolation test. Non-parametric...
Can emotional reactivity predict stress responses at slaughter in sheep?
| Contributor(s):: Deiss, V., Temple, D., Ligout, S., Racine, C., Bouix, J., Terlouw, C., Boissy, A.
The slaughter period is very complex and may represent different types of stress for the animal. The way and extent animals react to these stress factors depend on their individual emotional reactivity. The objective of the present study was to determine in sheep relationships between reactivity...