Comparison of Halal slaughter with captive bolt stunning and neck cutting in cattle: exsanguination and quality parameters
Contributor(s):: Anil, M. H., Yesildere, T., Aksu, H., Matur, E., McKinstry, J. L., Weaver, H. R., Erdogan, O., Hughes, S., Mason, C.
Housing induced mood modulates reactions to emotional stimuli in sheep
Contributor(s):: Reefmann, N., Muehlemann, T., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.
Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep
Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.
Interactions between profit and welfare on extensive sheep farms
Contributor(s):: Stott, A. W., Ahmadi, B. V., Dwyer, C. M., Kupiec, B., Morgan-Davies, C., Milne, C. E., Ringrose, S., Goddard, P., Phillips, K., Waterhouse, A.
Preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of captive-bolt guns as a killing method without exsanguination for horned and unhorned sheep
Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Ridler, A. L., Lamb, C. R., Williams, A., Giles, S., Gregory, N. G.
Reducing mother-young separation distress by inducing ewes into oestrus at the day of weaning
Contributor(s):: Perez-Leon, I., Orihuela, A., Lidfors, L., Aguirre, V.
Social transmission of physiological and behavioural responses to castration in suckling Merino lambs
Contributor(s):: Colditz, I. G., Paull, D. R., Lee, C.
The effect of stun duration and level of applied current on stun and meat quality of electrically stunned lambs under commercial conditions
Contributor(s):: Berg, C., Nordensten, C., Hultgren, J., Algers, B.
Avoidance distance in sheep: test-retest reliability and relationship with stockmen attitude
Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Rosa, G. de, Girolami, A., Scavone, M., Braghieri, A.
Validity and reliability of simple measures of human animal relationship, such as avoidance distance in the pen (AD), avoidance distance at the manger (ADM) and percentage of animals not accepting to be touched at the manger (ADM0), were assessed in 20 sheep farms. Validity was tested using an...
Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control
Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.
This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...
Farmer's response to societal concerns about farm animal welfare: the case of mulesing
Contributor(s):: Wells, A. E. D., Sneddon, J., Lee, J. A., Blache, D.
The study explored the motivations behind Australian wool producers' intentions regarding mulesing; a surgical procedure that will be voluntarily phased out after 2010, following retailer boycotts led by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. Telephone interviews were conducted with 22 West...
Behaviour of growing lambs housed on straw or woodchip bedding materials and their preference for floor type
Contributor(s):: Wolf, B. T., Molloy, H. R. B., Trayte, M. J., Rose, M. T.
Straw is widely used as a bedding material for housed sheep, but alternatives are needed in regions where straw is expensive or in short supply. The aim of this work was to compare time budgets, growth and food intake of growing, finishing lambs housed on either woodchip or straw bedding...
Ear and tail postures as indicators of emotional valence in sheep. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Reefmann, N., Kaszas, F. B., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.
To date, most studies on animal emotions have focused on the assessment of negative emotional states, and there is a lack of approaches to characterising positive emotional states. The aim of this investigation was to measure differences in ear and tail postures in sheep exposed to situations...
Effects of social behaviour on the spatial distribution of sheep grazing a complex vegetation mosaic
Contributor(s):: Sibbald, A. M., Oom, S. P., Hooper, R. J., Anderson, R. M.
In complex environments, the spatial distribution of preferred food types will be a major factor influencing the distribution of foraging animals. However, in highly social animals, such as sheep, social interactions may modify foraging behaviour and hence influence both where animals feed and...
Feeding behaviour of sheep on shrubs in response to contrasting herbaceous cover in rangelands dominated by Cytisus scoparius L
Contributor(s):: Pontes, L. da S., Agreil, C., Magda, D., Gleizes, B., Fritz, H.
The foraging responses of ewes faced with a diversity of feed items and their effects on broom (Cytisus scoparius L.) consumption were examined. The experiment was conducted on a farm in the autumn with ewes (n=33) grazing three small paddocks (0.44 ha on average, for at least 10 days each)...
Feeding, resting and social behaviour in ewes housed in two different group sizes
Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, G. H. M., Andersen, I. L., Berg, S., Boe, K. E.
The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effects of increased group size on eating- and resting behaviour, aggression and feed intake in housed ewes. During an initial period of 14 days 36 adult (2-6 years old) ewes of the domestic Norwegian Dala breed were divided into four groups of 9....
How does the method used to feed lambs modulate their affinity to their human caregiver?
Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Veissier, I., Boivin, X.
Feeding young mammals is often used as a way to increase their affinity to their human caregiver. However, feeding is not always necessary, which raises questions as to the feeding method used (bottle, bucket) and to the importance of contacts surrounding feeding compared to an absence of human...
Influence of maternal undernutrition on the behaviour of juvenile lambs
Contributor(s):: Simitzis, P. E., Charismiadou, M. A., Kotsampasi, B., Papadomichelakis, G., Christopoulou, E. P., Papavlasopoulou, E. K., Deligeorgis, S. G.
The objective of the present experiment was to determine the implications of prenatal undernutrition on the behaviour of juvenile lambs. Dams of one group (C) were fed 100% of the recommended requirements throughout pregnancy, while those of two other groups were fed 50% of the control nutrient...
Preventing physical interactions between parturient ewes and their neonate differentially impairs the development of maternal responsiveness and selectivity depending on maternal experience
Contributor(s):: Otal, J., Levy, F., Cornilleau, F., Moussu, C., Keller, M., Poindron, P.
The present study investigated whether deprivation of nursing or of any physical interaction with the lamb impairs the onset of maternal responsiveness and the establishment of selectivity in primiparous and multiparous ewes. Just after parturition, ewes could interact freely with their lamb, or...
Sheep lose balance, slip and fall less when loosely packed in transit where they stand close to but not touching their neighbours
Contributor(s):: Jones, T. A., Waitt, C., Dawkins, M. S.
There are two opposing views about the space required for sheep in transit. One is that they should be transported at low space (high stocking density) and avoid slipping or falling by bracing themselves against each other. The other is that they should be transported at high space (low stocking...