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  1. Assessment of farmer recognition and reporting of lameness in adults in 35 lowland sheep flocks in England

    Contributor(s):: King, E. M., Green, L. E.

    The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of farmer recognition and reporting of lameness in their sheep flock when compared with the prevalence of lameness observed by a researcher. Thirty-five sheep farms were visited. Farmers were asked for estimates of the prevalence of lameness in...

  2. Assessment of sheep welfare using on-farm registrations and performance data

    Contributor(s):: Stubsjoen, S. M., Hektoen, L., Valle, P. S., Janczak, A. M., Zanella, A. J.

    Farm animal welfare is a societal concern, and the need exists for scientific protocols to assess welfare. This paper describes the development of a protocol to assess the welfare of sheep (Ovis aries) and its application in 36 farms in Norway. There were two parts to the protocol; the animal-...

  3. Associations between open-field behaviour and stress-induced hyperthermia in two breeds of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Pedernera-Romano, C., Torre, J. R. de la, Badiella, L., Manteca, X.

    In sheep (Ovis aries) and other farm animals, routine husbandry procedures can cause negative emotions, such as fear, which are generally considered to reduce animal welfare. The open-field test (OFT) is the most widely used test to measure fearfulness in animals. The induction of psychological...

  4. Cognitive sciences to relate ear postures to emotions in sheep. (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Boissy, A., Aubert, A., Desire, L., Greiveldinger, L., Delval, E., Veissier, I.

    Emotions are now largely recognised as a core element in animal welfare issues. However, convenient indicators to reliably infer emotions are still needed. As such, the availability of behavioural postures analogous to facial expressions in humans would be extremely valuable for animal studies of...

  5. Genetic parameters for birth difficulty, lamb vigour and lamb sucking ability in Suffolk sheep

    Contributor(s):: Macfarlane, J. M., Matheson, S. M., Dwyer, C. M.

    This study investigates the genetic basis of lamb vigour (defined as neonatal lamb activity and sucking ability) and lambing difficulty as potential traits to be included in selection programmes to improve ewe and lamb welfare. Scores for lamb birth difficulty, vigour and sucking ability were...

  6. Genotype rather than non-genetic behavioural transmission determines the temperament of Merino lambs

    Contributor(s):: Bickell, S., Poindron, P., Nowak, R., Chadwick, A., Ferguson, D., Blache, D.

    Merino ewes have been selected, over 18 generations, for calm (C) or nervous (N) temperament using an arena test and an isolation box test. We investigated the relative contributions of genotype versus the post-partum behaviour of the dam on the temperament of the lambs using a cross-fostering...

  7. Selection for easier managed sheep

    Contributor(s):: Conington, J., Collins, J., Dwyer, C.

    Current alterations in the farm environment, such as a reduced number of farm workers, may mean that sheep genotypes that are highly dependent on man for nutritional and reproductive success will experience poorer welfare within that environment. In the past 30 years, average flock size has...

  8. Self-evaluation of animal welfare by the farmer: a report of application on Austrian cattle farms

    Contributor(s):: Ofner, E., Schmid, E., Schrock, E., Troxler, J., Hausleitner, A.

    It is not sufficient to merely publish regulations and strictly control them to improve the living conditions of farm animals. The farmer must receive precise information, understand the individual measures and be able to act with personal responsibility. A new animal welfare law has been in...

  9. Stakeholders' assessment of welfare indicators for sheep and cattle exported by sea from Australia

    Contributor(s):: Pines, M. K., Petherick, J. C., Gaughan, J. B., Phillips, C. J. C.

    An adaptive conjoint analysis was used to evaluate stakeholders' opinion of welfare indicators for ship-transported sheep and cattle, both onboard and in pre-export depots. In consultations with two nominees of each identified stakeholder group (government officials, animal welfare...

  10. The physiological impact of wool-harvesting procedures in vicunas ( Vicugna vicugna )

    Contributor(s):: Bonacic, C., Macdonald, D. W.

    A current programme of wildlife utilization in the Andean region involves the capture of wild vicunas, their shearing, transport and, in some cases, captive farming. The effects of these interventions on the physiology, and thus welfare, of wild vicunas are unknown. As a first step to quantifying...

  11. The use of a hand-held algometer as a method to measure mechanical nociceptive thresholds in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S., Zanella, A. J.

    The aim of this study was to explore the use of a hand-held algometer for the measurement of mechanical nociceptive thresholds (MNT) in sheep (Ovis aries). Twelve ewes were tested over three consecutive days by two operators, and MNTs were measured over six predetermined sites on both forelimbs...

  12. The welfare of farmed foxes Vulpes vulpes and Alopex lagopus in relation to housing and management: a review

    Contributor(s):: Nimon, A. J., Broom, D. M.

  13. Why are sheep lame? Temporal associations between severity of foot lesions and severity of lameness in 60 sheep

    Contributor(s):: Kaler, J., George, T. R. N., Green, L. E.

    We investigated the temporal associations between the severity of foot lesions caused by footrot (FR) and the severity of lameness in sheep. Sixty sheep from one farm were monitored for five weeks. The locomotion of each sheep was scored once each week using a validated numerical rating scale of...