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  1. At Both Ends of the Leash: Preventing Service-Dog Oppression Through the Practice of Dyadic-Belonging

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Devon MacPherson-Mayor, Cheryl van Daalen-Smith

    There is a growing interest in the “use” of service-dogs to enable people with disabilities to navigate the world more independently in North American culture. On the surface, while this may appear to be progress, the question remains, for whom? While there is evidence that the...

  2. Working Dogs for Conservation

    Full-text: Available

    We train the world's best conservation detection dogs & put them to work protecting wildlife and wild places. Working Dogs for Conservation is the world’s leading conservation detection dog organization. Whether it's law enforcement, biosecurity, or ecological monitoring,...

  3. The Effect of Noseband Tightening on Horses' Behavior, Eye Temperature, and Cardiac Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Samuel Yoon, Peter White, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy

    Restrictive nosebands are common in equestrian sport. This is concerning, as recent evidence suggests that very tight nosebands can cause a physiological stress response, and may compromise welfare. The objective of the current study was to investigate relationships that noseband tightness has...

  4. All the King's Horses, All the King's Elephants: The Fates of Royal Animals in Nepal's Post-Monarchy Period

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anne Mocko, Shaunna Barnhart

    In May of 2008, Nepal’s 240-year-old monarchy was legally dissolved. In the wake of this dissolution, the new interim government sought to replace royal institutions, procedures, and ceremonies with new, parallel processes. One unexpected royal legacy that politicians needed to resolve...

  5. K-9 Catch-22: The Impossible Dilemma of Using Police Dogs in Apprehension of Suspects

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ann L. Schiavone

    In the past several years, the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania has seen two canine police dogs (K-9s) killed in the line of duty, Rocco in January 2014, and Aren in January of 2016.  Both were killed by stab wounds while attempting to apprehend suspects. The man who killed Rocco received...

  6. Scent dog identification of samples from COVID-19 patients – a pilot study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Jendrny, Claudia Schulz, Friederike Twele, Sebastian Meller, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Albertus Dominicus Marcellinus Erasmus Osterhaus, Janek Ebbers, Veronika Pilchová, Isabell Pink, Tobias Welte, Michael Peter Manns, Anahita Fathi, Christiane Ernst, Marylyn Martina Addo, Esther Schalke, Holger Andreas Volk

    Background: As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread, early, ideally real-time, identification of SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals is pivotal in interrupting infection chains. Volatile organic compounds produced during respiratory infections can cause specific scent imprints, which can be...

  7. Can dogs teach us to be more human? | Shirin Merchant | TEDxDharavi

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shirin Merchant

    Shirin Merchant is a canine evangelist. Founder of Canines Can Care, Shirin is dedicated towards canine training & counselling. She advocates the role of dogs in our society and talks about her experiences with dogs which will change your view of the man’s best friend. Shirin Merchant...

  8. Case Study: Horse Drawn Carriages in Philadelphia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bibi Khan, Michael Jones, Hamid Bertal, Regina Tendayi

    Hypothesis Horse & Carriage ride business is not sustainable. Supply & Demand: Awareness of inhumane treatment of carriage horses will lead to the decline of demand for the rides which leads to decline in revenue. This is not sustainable.

  9. Risk Factors for Transport-Related Problem Behaviors in Horses: A New Zealand Survey

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara Padalino, Chris W. Rogers, Danielle Guiver, Janis P. Bridges, Christopher B. Riley

    Transport-related problem behaviors (TRPBs) are common in horses and can cause injury to both the horses and their handlers. This study aimed to identify possible risk factors for TRPBs to inform approaches to mitigate TRPBs incidence and enhance horse welfare. An online cross-sectional survey...

  10. The Dog in the Middle Ages

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luisa Barbano

  11. Early experiences modulate stress coping in a population of German shepherd dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Wilsson, Erik, Wright, Dominic, Jensen, Per

    Early experiences may alter later behavioural expressions in animals and these differences can be consistent through adulthood. In dogs, this may have a profound impact on welfare and working ability and, it is therefore interesting to evaluate how experiences during the first weeks of life...

  12. Behaviour and experiences of dogs during the first year of life predict the outcome in a later temperament test

    | Contributor(s):: Foyer, Pernilla, Bjällerhag, Nathalie, Wilsson, Erik, Jensen, Per

    Early life experiences are known to shape the behavioural development of animals, and therefore events occurring during preadolescence and adolescence may have long-term effects. In dogs, this period of time may be important for later behaviour and thereby also the suitability of dogs for...

  13. Obedience training effects on search dog performance

    | Contributor(s):: Alexander, Michael Ben, Friend, Ted, Haug, Lore

    Competent search dogs should be accurate, reliable, and work independently, yet be responsive to handler commands. The aim of this study was to identify training factors that contribute to producing competent search dogs. Demographics, obedience training methods, the age training was initiated,...

  14. Are there differences between behavioral measurement methods? A comparison of the predictive validity of two ratings methods in a working dog program

    | Contributor(s):: Wilsson, Erik, Sinn, David L.

    Consistent behavioral variation within and between individuals is ubiquitous in all working dog populations. Most working dog programs have recognized this fact, and have subsequently attempted to quantify behavior through the use of standardized tests. Standardized tests may employ several...

  15. Assistance and Therapy Dogs Are Better Problem Solvers Than Both Trained and Untrained Family Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Cavalli, C. M., Gacsi, M., Miklosi, A., Kubinyi, E.

    When faced with unsolvable or difficult situations dogs use different behavioral strategies. If they are motivated to obtain rewards, they either try to solve the problem on their own or tend to interact with a human partner. Based on the observation that in problem situations less successful and...

  16. Radiographic Identification of Osseous Cyst- Like Lesions in the Distal Phalanx in 22 Lame Thoroughbred Horses Managed Conservatively and Their Racing Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vanessa G. Peter, Thomas A. O'Keeffe, Lewis C. R. Smith, Daniela Schweizer-Gorgas

    Reasons for performing study: To investigate the racing performance of Thoroughbred horses with osseous cyst-like lesions (OCLLs) in the distal phalanx causing lameness and treated conservatively. Objectives: To assess horses’ ability to race and perform after radiographic identification...

  17. Disaster Preparedness among Service Dog Puppy- Raisers (Human Subject Sample)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: DeYoung, S. E., Farmer, A. K., Callaro, Z., Naar, S.

    Little is known about the ways in which puppy raisers engage in disaster preparedness for their puppies (or “guide dogs in training”). The aim of this research is to understand disaster preparedness among service dog puppy raisers. A web-based survey was distributed to people...

  18. The interaction between behavioural traits and demographic and management factors in German Shepherd dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Friedrich, Juliane, Arvelius, Per, Strandberg, Erling, Polgar, Zita, Wiener, Pamela, Haskell, Marie J.

    As companion animals, a dog’s lifestyle is mainly determined by its owner. Discrepancies between the dog’s preferences and the owner’s lifestyle might lead to the occurrence of unwanted behaviours that affect both the owner-dog relationship and the dog’s welfare. The aim of this study was to...

  19. Comparing the predictive validity of behavioral codings and behavioral ratings in a working-dog breeding program

    | Contributor(s):: McGarrity, Monica E., Sinn, David L., Thomas, Scott G., Marti, C. Nathan, Gosling, Samuel D.

    Most working-dog breeding programs have a substantial interest in using behavioral assessments of their young dogs to predict their subsequent success. Different methods of measuring behavior may capture different aspects of behavior yet working-dog programs typically use only a single...

  20. Relationships between personality of human–dog dyads and performances in working tasks

    | Contributor(s):: Hoummady, Sara, Péron, Franck, Grandjean, Dominique, Cléro, Delphine, Bernard, Barbara, Titeux, Emmanuelle, Desquilbet, Loïc, Gilbert, Caroline

    Improving operational performances of working dog–human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...