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  1. Discrimination of SARS-CoV-2 infected patient samples by detection dogs: A proof of concept study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Sarah A. Kane, Pat Nolan, Elikplim H. Akaho, Amalia Z. Berna, Annemarie DeAngelo, Richard A. Berk, Patricia Kaynaroglu, Victoria L. Plymouth, Ian D. Frank, Susan R. Weiss, Audrey R. Odom John, Cynthia M. Otto

    While the world awaits a widely available COVID-19 vaccine, availability of testing is limited in many regions and can be further compounded by shortages of reagents, prolonged processing time and delayed results. One approach to rapid testing is to leverage the volatile organic compound (VOC)...

  2. Public Perceptions of Australian Assistance Dogs: Happier and Better Used Than Companion Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Gibson, Paris Emmanuelle, Oliva, Jessica Lee

  3. Does benchmarking of rating scales improve ratings of search performance given by specialist search dog handlers?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, C. C. A., Rooney, N. J.

    Rating scales are widely used to rate working dog behavior and performance. Whilst behaviour scales have been extensively validated, instruments used to rate ability have usually been designed by training and practitioner organizations, and often little consideration has been given to how...

  4. The urban horse: Equestrian Traffic and Horse Husbandry in Late Medieval Cities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fabienne Meiers

    Just like cattle, sheep and pigs, horses were part of the still agrarian influenced late medieval townscapes. Written and iconographic sources as well as archaeological evidence give proof of the extensive presence of horses inside and outside the city walls and their indispensability for urban...

  5. Editorial: Our Canine Connection: The History, Benefits and Future of Human-Dog Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Strauss, E. G., McCune, S., MacLean, E., Fine, A.

    2021 Front Vet Sci 8 784491 2297-1769 (Print)2297-1769 10.3389/fvets.2021.784491 eng The Center for Urban Resilience, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, United States.School of Psychology, School of Life Sciences, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, United Kingdom.Animal Matters...

  6. The Animal Welfare Science of Working Dogs: Current Perspectives on Recent Advances and Future Directions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cobb, M. L., Otto, C. M., Fine, A. H.

    Working dogs are prevalent throughout our societies, assisting people in diverse contexts, from explosives detection and livestock herding, to therapy partners. Our scientific exploration and understanding of animal welfare have grown dramatically over the last decade. As community attitudes...

  7. Exploring the Relationship between Socio-Demographic Background and Empathy toward Nonhuman Animals in Working Horse Caretakers

    | Contributor(s):: Luna, Daniela, Vásquez, Rodrigo A., Tadich, Tamara

  8. Scent dog identification of SARS-CoV-2 infections in different body fluids

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Jendrny, Friederike Twele, Sebastian Meller, Claudia Schulz, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Albertus Dominicus Marcellinus Eras Osterhaus, Hans Ebbers, Janek Ebbers, Veronika Pilchová, Isabell Pink, Tobias Welte, Michael Peter Manns, Anahita Fathi, Marylyn Martina Addo, Christiane Ernst, Wencke Schäfer, Michael Engels, Anja Petrov, Katharina Marquart, Ulrich Schotte, Esther Schalke, Holger Andreas Volk

    Background The main strategy to contain the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic remains to implement a comprehensive testing, tracing and quarantining strategy until vaccination of the population is adequate. Scent dogs could support current testing strategies. Methods Ten dogs were trained for...

  9. Cultural "Blind Spots," Social Influence and the Welfare of Working Donkeys in Brick Kilns in Northern India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tamlin L. Watson, Laura M. Kubasiewicz, Natasha Chamberlain, Caroline Nye, Zoe Raw, Faith A. Burden

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) work across the globe to improve the welfare of working equids. Despite decades of veterinary and other interventions, welfare issues persist with equids working in brick kilns. Engagement with all stakeholders is integral to creating abiding improvements...

  10. Attitude toward Companion and Guard Dogs in Hawaii: Health and Welfare Implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lynn Morrison, Julie Ann Luiz Adrian, Marina Kelley, Johana Hill, Zachariah Tman, Dana-lynn Ko'omoa-Lange

    The island of Hawaii exhibits extremes in dog welfare ranging from dogs as family members to dogs used as commodities, either as guard or hunting dogs, with many lacking appropriate care. This study offers a preliminary exploration of people’s attitudes toward companion and noncompanion...

  11. Ecophysiology to understand elephants' crop raiding behavior.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Steve Ngama, C. Vermeulen, J. Bindelle

    Conservation science has emerged to stem the current loss of biodiversity. To be efficient in this goal it needs integrative disciplines like ecophysiology, a biological field that studies the adaptation of an organism's physiology to environmental conditions. Surprisingly few...

  12. Advancing Genetic Selection and Behavioral Genomics of Working Dogs Through Collaborative Science

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chen, F. L., Zimmermann, M., Hekman, J. P., Lord, K. A., Logan, B., Russenberger, J., Leighton, E. A., Karlsson, E. K.

    The ancient partnership between people and dogs is struggling to meet modern day needs, with demand exceeding our capacity to safely breed high-performing and healthy dogs. New statistical genetic approaches and genomic technology have the potential to revolutionize dog breeding, by...

  13. An Exploratory Study of Burial Identification Using Historic Human Remains Detection Dog Alerts and Inorganic Soil Analyses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Britt Schlosshardt

    One point at which forensic science and historical archaeology intersect, and the focus of this thesis, is using the decidedly forensic avenues of trained dogs, probing, and chemical analyses of soils, informed by archaeological survey, to locate burials. Human remains detection dogs have...

  14. Sex differences in the herding styles of working sheepdogs and their handlers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erin Kydd, Paul McGreevy

    Working sheepdog trials test the attributes of dogs as well as the dogmanship and stockmanship skills of handlers. They generally include standard elements such as outrun, lift, fetch, drive, shed, pen and single to test all facets of the work that dogs perform on a farm. While both male and...

  15. Not all dogs are equal: perception of canine welfare varies with context

    | Contributor(s):: Cobb, M. L., Lill, A., Bennett, P. C.

  16. The relationship between working horse welfare and their owners' socio-economic status

    | Contributor(s):: Lanas, R., Luna, D., Tadich, T.

  17. The relationship between working horse welfare state and their owners' empathy level and perception of equine pain

    | Contributor(s):: Luna, D., Vasquez, R. A., Yanez, J. M., Tadich, T.

  18. The ophthalmic health and refractive state of working dogs in South Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Oliveira, J. K. de, Bortolini, M., Schaller, M., Schuchmann, R. K., Moore, B. A., Montiani-Ferreira, F.

  19. The Idaho K-9 Academy

    Full-text: Available

    The Idaho K-9 Academy is a dog training program that is a part of the Snake River Animal Shelter's mission to keep dogs out of the shelter and in their homes. The program aims to help families and their pets have a better understanding of one another! We offer obedience training--basic to...

  20. Olfactory Generalization in Detector Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ariella Y. Moser, Lewis Bizo, Wendy Y. Brown

    Generalizing to target odor variations while retaining specificity against non-targets is crucial to the success of detector dogs under working conditions. As such, the importance of generalization should be considered in the formulation of effective training strategies. Research investigating...