A Review of the Types of Training Aids Used for Canine Detection Training
Contributor(s):: Alison Simon, Lucia Lazarowski, Melissa Singletary, Jason Barrow, Kelly Van Arsdale, Thomas Angle, Paul Waggoner, Kathleen Giles
The canine detection community is a diverse one, ranging from scientific fields such as behavior, genetics, veterinary medicine, chemistry, and biology to applications in law enforcement, military, medicine, and agricultural/environmental detection. This diversity has allowed for a flourishing...
Editorial: Canine Olfactory Detection
| Contributor(s):: Claire Guest, Cynthia M. Otto
Factors Influencing the Movement of Livestock Guardian Dogs in the Edwards Plateau of Texas: Implications for Efficacy, Behavior, and Territoriality
| Contributor(s):: John M. Tomeček, Justin T. French, John W. Walker, Nova J. Silvy, Nicholas A. Bromen
Livestock guardian dog (Canis lupus familiaris; LGD) breeds of domestic dog worldwide provide a degree of control over predation losses. The application of LGDs as a wildlife damage management tool evolved as a cultural practice in the Old World. In the 1970s, this tool emerged in North...
Changes in Pulse Rate, Respiratory Rate and Rectal Temperature in Working Dogs before and after Three Different Field Trials
| Contributor(s):: Mirella Lopedote, Simona Valentini, Vincenzo Musella, Jose Manuel Vilar, Giuseppe Spinella
Physiological changes (pulse rate, respiratory rate and rectal temperature) induced by exercise are usually studied as physical fitness indices. The aim of this study was to investigate how these physiological parameters could be modified in a group of trained working dogs during three...
Using Training Techniques | Ryan Matthews | TEDxAlmansorPark
| Contributor(s):: Ryan Matthews
From elite Army working dog handler to celebrity dog trainer to several near-death experiences, Ryan Matthews discovered that applying his dog training methodology, RTCR, helped him bridge the gap from extensive trauma to a joyous, fulfilling life. Ryan Matthews invites you into the mind of a...
Understanding the Attitudes of Communities to the Social, Economic, and Cultural Importance of Working Donkeys in Rural, Peri-urban, and Urban Areas of Ethiopia
| Contributor(s):: Martha Geiger, Jo Hockenhull, Henry Buller, Gebre Tefera Engida, Mulugeta Getachew, Faith Adelaide Burden, Helen Rebecca Whay
Working donkeys (Equus africanus asinus) are vital to the development and support of people’s livelihoods in rural, peri-urban, and urban areas of Ethiopia. However, despite their critical role in providing transport, food security, and income generation to some of the poorest and most...
Methodological Considerations in Canine Olfactory Detection Research
| Contributor(s):: Lucia Lazarowski, Sarah Krichbaum, Lauryn E. DeGreeff, Alison Simon, Melissa Singletary, Craig Angle, L. Paul Waggoner
Dogs are increasingly used in a wide range of detection tasks including explosives, narcotics, medical, and wildlife detection. Research on detection dog performance is important to understand olfactory capabilities, behavioral characteristics, improve training, expand deployment practices, and...
Pre- and Post-Race Intestinal Microbiota in Long-Distance Sled Dogs and Associations with Performance
| Contributor(s):: Kristoffer Relling Tysnes, Inga Leena Angell, Iselin Fjellanger, Sigrid Drageset Larsen, Silje Rebekka Søfteland, Lucy J. Robertson, Ellen Skancke, Knut Rudi
Although our understanding of the role of the gut microbiota in different diseases is improving, our knowledge regarding how the gut microbiota affects functioning in healthy individuals is still limited. Here, we hypothesize that the gut microbiota could be associated with sled dog...
A Randomized Cross-Over Field Study of Pre-Hydration Strategies in Dogs Tracking in Hot Environments
| Contributor(s):: Greta M. Niedermeyer, Elizabeth Hare, Leslie K. Brunker, Richard A. Berk, Kathleen M. Kelsey, Tracy A. Darling, Jess L. Nord, Kasey K. Schmidt, Cynthia M. Otto
The objective of this study was to evaluate 4 pre-exercise hydration strategies (oral water, chicken-flavored water, chicken-flavored oral electrolyte solution, and subcutaneous electrolyte solution) in working dogs conducting rigorous tracking operations in hot and arid conditions. In a...
Assistance dog selection and performance assessment methods using behavioural and physiological tools and devices
| Contributor(s):: Marcato, Marinara, Kenny, Jennifer, O’Riordan, Ruth, O’Mahony, Conor, O’Flynn, Brendan, Galvin, Paul
Effect of Handler Knowledge of the Detection Task on Canine Search Behavior and Performance
| Contributor(s):: Mallory T. DeChant, Cameron Ford, Nathaniel J. Hall
Detection dogs are commonly trained and tested under conditions in which the handler or the evaluator knows the true presence or absence of a target odor. Previous research has demonstrated that when handlers are deceived and led to believe that a target odor is present, more false alerts...
Dog behaviour prediction testing
| Contributor(s):: Florian, M., Kottferova, J.
Breed group differences in the unsolvable problem task: Herding dogs prefer their owner, while solitary hunting dogs seek stranger proximity
| Contributor(s):: Van Poucke, Enya, Höglin, Amanda, Jensen, Per, Roth, Lina S. V.
The communicating skills of dogs are well documented and especially their contact-seeking behaviours towards humans. The aim of this study was to use the unsolvable problem paradigm to investigate differences between breed groups in their contact-seeking behaviours towards their owner and a...
Routine Decontamination of Surfaces Relevant to Working Dogs: Neutralization of Superficial Coronavirus Contamination
| Contributor(s):: Grady, Sarah L., Sebeck, Natalie M., Theodore, Mellisa, Meidenbauer, Karen L.
Given the increased deployment of working dogs to settings with pathogenic biological agents, a safe, effective, and logistically feasible surface decontamination protocol is essential to protect both the animals and their human handlers. Our group previously found that superficial...
The tail wagging the dog: positive attitude towards livestock guarding dogs do not mitigate pastoralists' opinions of wolves or grizzly bears
| Contributor(s):: Daniel Kinka, Julie K. Young
While the re-establishment of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) and wolves (Canis lupus) in the American West marks a success for conservation, it has been contentious among pastoralists. Coincidentally, livestock guarding dogs (LGDs; Canis familiaris) have been widely adopted by producers of...
Increased Rider Weight Did Not Induce Changes in Behavior and Physiological Parameters in Horses
| Contributor(s):: JanneWinther Christensen, Suzie Bathellier, Marie Rhodin, Rupert Palme, Mette Uldahl
Recent studies have reported significant alterations in horse physiological and gait parameters when exposed to increased rider weight during moderate to high intensity exercise. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of increased rider weight (+15% and +25% of the regular rider’s...
Determining the Relationship Between Mean Paraspinal Muscle Area Ratios and Percent Inter-Vertebral Foraminal Area Change in Flexion Versus Extension Positions of Military Working Dogs Using Computed Tomography
| Contributor(s):: Krystina Lynn Rowland
Core (paraspinal) muscle strengthening exercises are increasingly applied as methods for management of lower back pain in military working dogs. However, more evidence-based studies are needed to justify these methods. A previous publication correlated increased flexion/extension changes in...
Maladaptation in feral and domesticated animals
| Contributor(s):: Eben Gering, Darren Incorvaia, Rie Henriksen, Dominic Wright, Thomas Getty
Selection regimes and population structures can be powerfully changed by domestication and feralization, and these changes can modulate animal fitness in both captive and natural environments. In this review, we synthesize recent studies of these two processes and consider their impacts on...
Computed Tomographic Measures of Funnel-Shaped Lumbar Vertebral Canal and Articular Process Dysplasia Malformations Differ Between German Shepherd and Belgian Malinois Military Working Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Constance J. Dragicevich, Jeryl C. Jones, William Bridges, Heather Dunn
Researchers who study the selection and breeding program criteria for military working dogs aim to help maximize the years of active duty service. Computed tomographic (CT) quantitative phenotyping has been previously described as a method for supporting these research studies. Funnel-shaped...
Intra-articular Injections With Either Triamcinolone Hexacetonide, Stanozolol, Hylan G-F 20, or a Platelet Concentrate Improve Clinical Signs in Police Working Dogs With Bilateral Hip Osteoarthritis
| Contributor(s):: João C. Alves, Ana Santos, Patrícia Jorge, Catarina Lavrador, L. Miguel Carreira
Objectives: To compare the effect of intra-articular treatment with triamcinolone hexacetonide (TH), stanozolol, hyaluronan, and a platelet concentrate in police working dogs with bilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA). Study Design: Prospective, longitudinal, double-blinded, negative controlled...