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  1. Intra-articular Injections With Either Triamcinolone Hexacetonide, Stanozolol, Hylan G-F 20, or a Platelet Concentrate Improve Clinical Signs in Police Working Dogs With Bilateral Hip Osteoarthritis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: João C. Alves, Ana Santos, Patrícia Jorge, Catarina Lavrador, L. Miguel Carreira

    Objectives: To compare the effect of intra-articular treatment with triamcinolone hexacetonide (TH), stanozolol, hyaluronan, and a platelet concentrate in police working dogs with bilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA). Study Design: Prospective, longitudinal, double-blinded, negative controlled...

  2. Ride Utah! Resiliency-Building Horse Rides for Military Personnel and Families

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karl H. Hoopes, Makenna Osborne

    To introduce and provide equine-related activities to military personnel and their families, Utah State University Equine Extension created and implemented an effective program called Ride Utah! Equine-related activities have been shown to improve mental health and build strong family...

  3. Does the sex of the search and rescue (SAR) dog handler affect the work of the rescue team?

    | Contributor(s):: Wojtas, J., Zielinski, D., Karpinski, M.

    The handler's sex, as well as his personality and individual predispositions, may affect his suitability for work in rescue services. In addition, handler's susceptibility to stress may affect the effects of search and rescue (SAR) dog's work. The aim of the study was to analyze the salivary...

  4. Historical development of horse breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Tuncer, S. S., Kozat, S.

    This study was conducted to examine the historical development process of modern horse breeds. Horses are among the few species that have managed to become domesticated on earth. The domestication of horses took place after dogs, goats, sheep, pigs, reindeer and poultry. It is accepted that the...

  5. Discrimination of SARS-CoV-2 infected patient samples by detection dogs: A proof of concept study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Sarah A. Kane, Pat Nolan, Elikplim H. Akaho, Amalia Z. Berna, Annemarie DeAngelo, Richard A. Berk, Patricia Kaynaroglu, Victoria L. Plymouth, Ian D. Frank, Susan R. Weiss, Audrey R. Odom John, Cynthia M. Otto

    While the world awaits a widely available COVID-19 vaccine, availability of testing is limited in many regions and can be further compounded by shortages of reagents, prolonged processing time and delayed results. One approach to rapid testing is to leverage the volatile organic compound (VOC)...

  6. Public Perceptions of Australian Assistance Dogs: Happier and Better Used Than Companion Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Gibson, Paris Emmanuelle, Oliva, Jessica Lee

  7. Does benchmarking of rating scales improve ratings of search performance given by specialist search dog handlers?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, C. C. A., Rooney, N. J.

    Rating scales are widely used to rate working dog behavior and performance. Whilst behaviour scales have been extensively validated, instruments used to rate ability have usually been designed by training and practitioner organizations, and often little consideration has been given to how...

  8. Editorial: Our Canine Connection: The History, Benefits and Future of Human-Dog Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Strauss, E. G., McCune, S., MacLean, E., Fine, A.

    2021 Front Vet Sci 8 784491 2297-1769 (Print)2297-1769 10.3389/fvets.2021.784491 eng The Center for Urban Resilience, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, United States.School of Psychology, School of Life Sciences, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, United Kingdom.Animal Matters...

  9. The Animal Welfare Science of Working Dogs: Current Perspectives on Recent Advances and Future Directions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cobb, M. L., Otto, C. M., Fine, A. H.

    Working dogs are prevalent throughout our societies, assisting people in diverse contexts, from explosives detection and livestock herding, to therapy partners. Our scientific exploration and understanding of animal welfare have grown dramatically over the last decade. As community attitudes...

  10. Exploring the Relationship between Socio-Demographic Background and Empathy toward Nonhuman Animals in Working Horse Caretakers

    | Contributor(s):: Luna, Daniela, Vásquez, Rodrigo A., Tadich, Tamara

  11. Scent dog identification of SARS-CoV-2 infections in different body fluids

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Jendrny, Friederike Twele, Sebastian Meller, Claudia Schulz, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Albertus Dominicus Marcellinus Eras Osterhaus, Hans Ebbers, Janek Ebbers, Veronika Pilchová, Isabell Pink, Tobias Welte, Michael Peter Manns, Anahita Fathi, Marylyn Martina Addo, Christiane Ernst, Wencke Schäfer, Michael Engels, Anja Petrov, Katharina Marquart, Ulrich Schotte, Esther Schalke, Holger Andreas Volk

    Background The main strategy to contain the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic remains to implement a comprehensive testing, tracing and quarantining strategy until vaccination of the population is adequate. Scent dogs could support current testing strategies. Methods Ten dogs were trained for...

  12. Cultural "Blind Spots," Social Influence and the Welfare of Working Donkeys in Brick Kilns in Northern India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tamlin L. Watson, Laura M. Kubasiewicz, Natasha Chamberlain, Caroline Nye, Zoe Raw, Faith A. Burden

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) work across the globe to improve the welfare of working equids. Despite decades of veterinary and other interventions, welfare issues persist with equids working in brick kilns. Engagement with all stakeholders is integral to creating abiding improvements...

  13. Attitude toward Companion and Guard Dogs in Hawaii: Health and Welfare Implications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lynn Morrison, Julie Ann Luiz Adrian, Marina Kelley, Johana Hill, Zachariah Tman, Dana-lynn Ko'omoa-Lange

    The island of Hawaii exhibits extremes in dog welfare ranging from dogs as family members to dogs used as commodities, either as guard or hunting dogs, with many lacking appropriate care. This study offers a preliminary exploration of people’s attitudes toward companion and noncompanion...

  14. Advancing Genetic Selection and Behavioral Genomics of Working Dogs Through Collaborative Science

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chen, F. L., Zimmermann, M., Hekman, J. P., Lord, K. A., Logan, B., Russenberger, J., Leighton, E. A., Karlsson, E. K.

    The ancient partnership between people and dogs is struggling to meet modern day needs, with demand exceeding our capacity to safely breed high-performing and healthy dogs. New statistical genetic approaches and genomic technology have the potential to revolutionize dog breeding, by...

  15. Sex differences in the herding styles of working sheepdogs and their handlers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erin Kydd, Paul McGreevy

    Working sheepdog trials test the attributes of dogs as well as the dogmanship and stockmanship skills of handlers. They generally include standard elements such as outrun, lift, fetch, drive, shed, pen and single to test all facets of the work that dogs perform on a farm. While both male and...

  16. Not all dogs are equal: perception of canine welfare varies with context

    | Contributor(s):: Cobb, M. L., Lill, A., Bennett, P. C.

  17. The relationship between working horse welfare and their owners' socio-economic status

    | Contributor(s):: Lanas, R., Luna, D., Tadich, T.

  18. The relationship between working horse welfare state and their owners' empathy level and perception of equine pain

    | Contributor(s):: Luna, D., Vasquez, R. A., Yanez, J. M., Tadich, T.

  19. The ophthalmic health and refractive state of working dogs in South Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Oliveira, J. K. de, Bortolini, M., Schaller, M., Schuchmann, R. K., Moore, B. A., Montiani-Ferreira, F.

  20. Olfactory Generalization in Detector Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ariella Y. Moser, Lewis Bizo, Wendy Y. Brown

    Generalizing to target odor variations while retaining specificity against non-targets is crucial to the success of detector dogs under working conditions. As such, the importance of generalization should be considered in the formulation of effective training strategies. Research investigating...