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  1. Certification standards for aquaculture products: bringing together the values of producers and consumers in globalised organic food markets

    Contributor(s):: Bergleiter, S., Meisch, S.

    From a certifier's perspective (Naturland e.V.), this paper deals with the question of how to bring together the values of producers and consumers in globalized food markets. It is argued that growth and mainstreaming of organic food production cannot be achieved solely by ethically aware...

  2. Pond use by captive African penguins ( Spheniscus demersus) in an immersive exhibit adjacent to human bathers

    Contributor(s):: Ozella, L., Favaro, L., Carnovale, I., Pessani, D.

    Nonhuman animals in zoos are exposed to a continuous human presence, which affects their behaviors and welfare. However, little is known about what role the "visitor effect" has on penguins in captivity. The African penguin ( Spheniscus demersus) is an endangered species commonly housed in zoos...

  3. Effects of stage of gestation at mixing on aggression, injuries and stress in sows

    Contributor(s):: Stevens, B., Karlen, G. M., Morrison, R., Gonyou, H. W., Butler, K. L., Kerswell, K. J., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Confinement of breeding sows to stalls is a controversial welfare issue, and there is a worldwide move to house gestating sows in groups. We examined the effects of day of mixing following insemination on aggression, injuries and stress in sows. A total of 800 sows were used in this experiment...

  4. The camel today: assets and potentials

    Contributor(s):: Faye, B.

    Although they quantitatively only take a marginal place amongst domestic herbivores (only 0.4% of world domestic herbivores), the large camelids (dromedary and Bactrian) are present in almost all the arid lands of the old world (except in Southern Africa), a widespread area of over 35 millions km...

  5. Is Siberian reindeer herding in crisis? Living with reindeer fifteen years after the end of socialism

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, David G.

  6. The power of automated behavioural homecage technologies in characterizing disease progression in laboratory mice: a review

    Contributor(s):: Richardson, C. A.

    Behavioural changes that occur as animals become sick have been characterized in a number of species and include the less frequent occurrence of 'luxury behaviours' such as playing, grooming and socialization. 'Sickness behaviours' or behavioural changes following exposure to infectious agents,...

  7. Managing feral cats on a university's campuses: how many are there and is sterilization having an effect?

    Contributor(s):: Jones, A. L., Downs, C. T.

    Worldwide domestic and feral cat (Felis catus) numbers have increased. Concerns regarding high populations of feral cats in urban areas include wildlife predation, public nuisance, and disease. This study aimed to estimate the size of the feral cat population on 5 campuses of the University of...

  8. The effect of fine granular sand on pododermatitis in captive greater flamingos ( Phoenicopterus roseus)

    Contributor(s):: Wyss, F., Wenker, C., Hoby, S., Houwald, F. von, Schumacher, V., Doherr, M. G., Robert, N.

    Pododermatitis is a worldwide health and animal welfare problem in captive flamingos (Phoenicopteridae). Since sub-optimal substrate or flooring has been described as a factor in the development of pododermatitis in poultry and raptors, it is also suspected to play a role in flamingo foot health....

  9. Schoolchildren and one of the most unpopular animals: are they ready to protect snakes?

    Contributor(s):: Ballouard, J. M., Ajtic, R., Balint, H., Brito, J. C., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Desmonts, D., ElMouden, E., Erdogan, M., Feriche, M., Pleguezuelos, J. M., Prokop, P., Sanchez, A., Santos, X., Slimani, T., Tomovic, L., Usak, M., Zuffi, M., Bonnet, X.

  10. Representations of human-animal interactions in advertising

    Contributor(s):: Willson, J. E.

  11. World culture and animal protection

    Contributor(s):: Stone, Lora Lynne

  12. Behavioral cardiology: recognizing and addressing the profound impact of psychosocial stress on cardiovascular health

    Contributor(s):: Das, S., O'Keefe, J. H.

  13. The Horse's Tale: Narratives of Caring for/about Horses

    Contributor(s):: Birke, L., Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.

  14. Does the world need U.S. farmers even if Americans don't?

    Contributor(s):: Hendrickson, M. K., James, H. S., Jr., Heffernan, W. D.

    We consider the implications of trends in the number of U.S. farmers and food imports on the question of what role U.S. farmers have in an increasingly global agrifood system. Our discussion stems from the argument some scholars have made that American consumers can import their food more cheaply...

  15. Ethical opportunities in global agriculture, fisheries, and forestry: the role for FAO

    Contributor(s):: Macer, D. R. J., Bhardwaj, M., Maekawa, F., Niimura, Y.

    A broad range of ethical issues in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry were identified by analysis of the literature and by interviews with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) staff. Issues include: sharing access to and preserving natural resources; introduction of new technology;...

  16. Noble goals and challenging terrain: organic and fair trade coffee movements in the global marketplace

    Contributor(s):: Rice, R. A.

    An examination of the philosophies of fair-trade and organic coffee movements reveal that the philosophical underpinnings of both certified organic (CO) and fair-trade (FT) coffee run counter to the historical concerns of coffee production and trade. Data from surveys completed by 15...

  17. Patterns of injury in zoo-housed spider monkeys: a problem with males?

    Contributor(s):: Davis, N., Schaffner, C. M., Wehnelt, S.

    Aggression among wild spider monkeys is most frequently reported to occur between the sexes, with adult males directing aggression towards adult females and the aggression is normally non-injurious. After two severe instances of aggression in the group of spider monkeys housed at Chester Zoo, we...

  18. World day for laboratory animals

    Contributor(s):: Marti Kheel

    The following speech was given in Berkeley on 1997’s World Day for Laboratory Animals. Activists had been concerned for two decades with the fate of Langur monkeys at U. C. Berkeley. As of the date of this speech, the monkeys had been offered a home in a sanctuary, but it was unclear whether the...

  19. Human-animal relationships and ecocriticism: A study of the representation of animals in poetry from Malawi, Zimbabwe, and South Africa

    | Contributor(s):: Syned Dale Makani Mthatiwa

    This study analyses the manner in which animals are represented in selected poetry from Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa. It discusses the various modes of animal representation the poets draw on, and the ideological influences on their manner of animal representation. It explores the kinds of...

  20. Effects of habitat complexity on the aggressive behaviour of the American lobster ( Homarus americanus ) in captivity

    | Contributor(s):: Cenni, F., Parisi, G., Gherardi, F.

    The American lobster, Homarus americanus, is one of the most economically valuable crustacean decapods worldwide, being mostly exploited to foster the live animal industry. Lobsters are typically held in storage facilities where individuals may suffer due to the repeated combats among each other....