Insights about the Epidemiology of Dog Bites in a Canadian City Using a Dog Aggression Scale and Administrative Data
| Contributor(s):: Niamh Caffrey, Melanie Rock, Olivia Schmidtz, Doug Anderson, Melissa Parkinson, Sylvia L. Checkley
Dog bites are a public health concern that also implicates animal welfare, with negative outcomes such as rehoming or euthanasia for the animals responsible. Previous research has shown that the severity of dog-bite injuries reflects multiple factors, including the degree of inhibition...
Elephants of the Pink City, Jaipur, India: A Study of the Captive Elephant Welfare and Management Practice in Ex-Situ Environmental Conditions
| Contributor(s):: Ayan Sasmal
Although the arid Rajasthan desert is far from native elephant habitat, captive elephants (Elephas maximus) are managed by some private owners in Jaipur. The semi-arid Jaipur experiences a very hot summer and an extreme cold winter. Along with this, improper management practice and tremendous...
Contexts and consequences of dog bite incidents
| Contributor(s):: James Andrew Oxley, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
Dog bites are a contentious issue within the United Kingdom due to their effect on public health and increasing incidence. Despite multiple expert-led dog bite prevention schemes being available, there is limited evidence regarding the surrounding factors and likely causes of a dog bite (e.g.,...
Occurrence of Wounds in Nigerian Horses
| Contributor(s):: Agina, Onyinyechukwu A., Ihedioha, John I.
This study investigated the occurrence of wounds in Nigerian horses. The study population was 1,621 horses sold at the Obollo Afor horse lairage in Enugu State, Nigeria, during a 6-month period: 3 months of dry season and 3 months of rainy season (February–April and June–August 2012). A total of...
A Survey-Based Investigation of Human Factors Associated With Transport Related Injuries in Horses
| Contributor(s):: Barbara Padalino, Chris W. Rogers, Danielle Guiver, Kirrilly R. Thompson, Christopher B. Riley
Injuries resulting from road transport are common in horses and are a potential welfare concern, as well as, a source of economic loss. An online cross sectional survey was used to determine the prevalence of road transport related injuries to horses in New Zealand and the association of human...
Friends with malefit. The effects of keeping dogs and cats, sustaining animal-related injuries and Toxoplasma infection on health and quality of life
| Contributor(s):: Flegr, J., Preiss, M.
Housing conditions do not alter cognitive bias but affect serum cortisol, qualitative behaviour assessment and wounds on the carcass in pigs
| Contributor(s):: Carreras, Ricard, Mainau, Eva, Arroyo, Laura, Moles, Xènia, González, Joel, Bassols, Anna, Dalmau, Antoni, Faucitano, Luigi, Manteca, Xavier, Velarde, Antonio
Measures of animal emotions are essential to assess animal welfare. Recently, the cognitive bias technique has been proposed as a measure of animal affective state. This technique is based on the premise that subjects in negative affective states make more negative judgements about ambiguous...
Hes getting under my skin! Comparing the sensitivity and specificity of dermal vs subcuticular lesions as a measure of aggression in mice
| Contributor(s):: Gaskill, Brianna N., Stottler, Aurora, Pritchett-Corning, Kathleen R., Wong, Lilian K., Geronimo, Jerome, Garner, Joseph P.
Aggression is the leading cause of death in young laboratory mice, representing a major welfare issue. Many of the experimental measures used in traditional aggression research, especially those focusing on territorial aggression (e.g., resident/intruder) are poorly suited to examining dominance...
Breaking up is hard to do: Does splitting cages of mice reduce aggression?
| Contributor(s):: Blankenberger, Whitney B., Weber, Elin M., Chu, David K., Geronimo, Jerome T., Theil, Jacob, Gaskill, Brianna N., Pritchett-Corning, Kathleen, Albertelli, Megan A., Garner, Joseph P., Ahloy-Dallaire, Jamie
Injurious aggression in group housed male laboratory mice is a common welfare issue that can also negatively affect study outcomes. Often, one mouse in the cage appears unwounded, and the current standard practice is to remove this presumed aggressor. This procedure is not based on empirical...
Dell Kay Bertino
Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?
| Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.
Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...
An Investigation of the Relationship of Wound Infection and Exposure to Household Pets: A Pilot Study
| Contributor(s):: Rhodora Neu
Statement of Problem In most industrialized countries, pets are becoming a big part in households engaging and sharing human lifestyles. In fact, it is estimated that 14%-62% of pet owners allow their dogs and cats on their beds. However, pets can also carry and transmit pathogens to people...
Distribution, complications, and outcome of footpad injuries in pet and military working dogs
| Contributor(s):: Hansen, L. A., Hazenfield, K. M., Olea-Popelka, F., Smeak, D. D.
This study reports the findings of 120 traumatic pad injuries in pet and military dogs. Most dogs (68%) presented with a laceration to a thoracic limb footpad, and one-third of dogs were middle-aged castrated males. Metacarpal pads were most commonly injured. Short-term complications were noted...
A cross-sectional study of horse-related injuries in veterinary and animal science students at an Australian university
| Contributor(s):: Riley, C. B., Liddiard, J. R., Thompson, K.
Specific estimates of the risk of horse-related injury (HRI) to university students enrolled in veterinary and animal sciences have not been reported. This study aimed to determine the risk of student HRI during their university education, the nature and management of such injuries. A...
Welfare outcomes for 3- and 6-month-old beef calves in a tropical environment castrated surgically or by applying rubber rings
| Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Reid, D. J., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M.
Castration of cattle using rubber rings is becoming increasingly popular due to the perceived ease of the procedure and greater operator safety when compared with surgical castration. Few comparative studies have investigated the effects of different castration methods and calf age on welfare...
Behaviour, wounds, weight loss and adrenal weight of rabbit does as affected by semi-group housing
| Contributor(s):: Buijs, S., Maertens, L., Hermans, K., Vangeyte, J., Tuyttens, F. A. M.
Group housing is often assumed to improve the welfare of gregarious species. Whether this is actually the case depends on the advantages (e.g. more opportunity for social and locomotor behaviour) and disadvantages (e.g. increased fighting and wounding) induced by the specific housing type. We...
Transport of horses for slaughter in Iceland
| Contributor(s):: Roy, R. C., Cockram, M. S., Dohoo, I. R., Ragnarsson, S.
There is interest in the transportation of horses ( Equus caballus) to slaughter and a need to assess the welfare implications of this practice. Forty-six loads of 7-35 horses transported for 0.33 to 3.10 h to a slaughter plant in Iceland were studied. Adults and foals were transported together...
Riding home: The power of horses to heal
| Contributor(s):: Hayes, Tim
A cross-sectional epidemiological study of prevalence and severity of bit-induced oral trauma in polo ponies and race horses
| Contributor(s):: Mata, F., Johnson, C., Bishop, C.
Bit and bridle accessories improperly fitted in ridden horses can cause oral trauma such as bone spurs, commissure ulceration, and tongue lacerations. This study was used to identify, grade, and compare the types of oral traumas commonly found within polo ponies and race horses. Injuries were...
Nonprofit Charity Impacts Wounded Combat Veterans And Children Facing Adversity
| Contributor(s):: O'Brien, B.