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All Categories (61-80 of 80)

  1. Behavioural and physical effects of flooring on piglets and sows

    Contributor(s):: Gravas, L.

    The effects of three floor surfaces of farrowing pens (concrete, epoxy-painted concrete and floor covered with rubber mat) on the behaviour of sows and piglets and the physical effect on the front legs of piglets were studied during the first 3-4 weeks of the piglets' life. Analysis of data...

  2. Behavioural responses of juvenile Steller sea lions to hot-iron branding

    Contributor(s):: Walker, K. A., Mellish, J. A. E., Weary, D. M.

    Here we present the first data showing the post-branding behavioural responses in a marine mammal. Eleven captive juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) were observed for 3 days before and 3 days after hot-iron branding. Four of six monitored behaviours changed significantly after...

  3. Effects of space allowance on the welfare of dry sows kept in dynamic groups and fed with an electronic sow feeder

    Contributor(s):: Remience, V., Wavreille, J., Canart, B., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Prunier, A., Bartiaux-Thill, N., Nicks, B., Vandenheede, M.

    The minimal legal space allowance for grouped pregnant sows in the EU is 2.25 m2/sow. The effect of higher space per animal on agonistic behaviour and social stress of animals living in dynamic groups is not known. Two groups of 34 pregnant Belgian Landrace sows were housed in two pens of...

  4. Clinical ethology in food animal practice

    Contributor(s):: Luescher, U. A., Friendship, R. M., Lissemore, K. D., McKeown, D. B.

  5. Group housing of adult silver fox ( Vulpes vulpes ) vixens in autumn: agonistic behaviour during the first days subsequent to mixing

    Contributor(s):: Hovland, A. L., Akre, A. K., Bakken, M.

    Due to farmed foxes' (Vulpes vulpes) social flexibility and possible motivation for intraspecific contact, group housing may act as an alternative housing procedure. Because initial social contact between silver foxes usually involves agonistic displays as a part of foxes' social dominance...

  6. Long-distance transport of pregnant heifers by truck

    Contributor(s):: Lambooy, E., Hulsegge, B.

  7. Effects of housing on social preference and behaviour in male golden hamsters ( Mesocricetus auratus )

    Contributor(s):: Arnold, C. E., Estep, D. Q.

  8. Relationships between behaviour and health in working horses, donkeys, and mules in developing countries

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Dennison, T. L., Whay, H. R.

    Recent studies raise serious welfare concerns regarding the estimated 93.6 million horses, donkeys and mules in developing countries. Most equids are used for work in poor communities, and are commonly afflicted with wounds, poor body condition, respiratory diseases, parasites, dental problems,...

  9. The effects of resource distribution on behaviour in pair housed silver fox vixens ( Vulpes vulpes ) subsequent to mixing

    Contributor(s):: Akre, A. K., Hovland, A. L., Bakken, M.

    In nature, the way essential resources are distributed is recognized as a potentially important factor influencing the frequency of aggressive interactions between animals. This knowledge is rarely taken into consideration when designing housing environments for social groups of farm animals....

  10. A cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors for foot lesions and abnormal posture in lactating sows on commercial farms in England

    Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.

    A cross-sectional study of lactating sows in 71 commercial pig herds in England was carried out to estimate the prevalence of foot lesions and abnormal posture and investigate the associated risks. Observational data were collected on the standing posture, lesions on the hind left foot, and the...

  11. Frequency of nose and tail injuries in cattle and water buffalo at livestock markets in Bangladesh

    Contributor(s):: Alam, M. R., Gregory, N. G., Uddin, M. S., Jabbar, M. A., Chowdhury, S., Debnath, N. C.

    A total of 560 cattle and water buffalo were examined at livestock markets in Bangladesh. The aim was to assess the frequency of nose and tail injuries that could have occurred during handling and transport. The frequency of nose piercing was 64

  12. Influence of social status on the welfare of growing pigs housed in barren and enriched environments

    Contributor(s):: O'Connell, N. E., Beattie, V. E., Moss, B. W.

    One hundred and twenty-eight pigs were reared in barren or enriched environments from birth to slaughter at 21 weeks of age. Pigs remained as litter-mate groups until 8 weeks of age when they were mixed into groups of eight animals. These groups were balanced for gender and weight and contained...

  13. Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalences of certain results

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Pritchard, J. C., Whay, H. R.

    Welfare issues relevant to equids working in developing countries may differ greatly to those of sport and companion equids in developed countries. In this study, we test the observer reliability of a working equine welfare assessment, demonstrating how prevalence of certain observations reduces...

  14. Testing different methods to evaluate pig welfare on farm

    Contributor(s):: Courboulay, V., Foubert, C.

    Feasibility and validity of protocols used to assess welfare were evaluated in two fattening rooms in twenty farms, chosen according to the group size, pen shape, floor and space per animal. The two rooms contained animals at the beginning or at the end of the fattening period, respectively....

  15. The effect of method of tail docking on tail-biting behaviour and welfare of pigs

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Krebs, N., McGlone, J. J.

    The objective of this study was to explore the effects of tail docking and tail biting on pig welfare through an assessment of physiology and behaviour. In experiment 1, piglets were either tail docked using hot cautery iron (CAUT), blunt trauma cutters (BT), or their tails were left intact...

  16. The effects of selection on low mortality and brooding by a mother hen on open-field response, feather pecking and cannibalism in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Uitdehaag, K. A., Ellen, E. D., Komen, J.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of selection on low mortality in combination with brooding by a mother hen on open-field response at 5-6 weeks of age and on plumage and body condition at 42 weeks of age. Birds in the experiment were either selected for low mortality in...

  17. The external locations of harpoon wounds on minke whales taken in antarctic commercial whaling operations, 1978/79 season

    Contributor(s):: Best, P. B.

  18. Welfare assessment in 82 pig farms: effect of animal age and floor type on behaviour and injuries in fattening pigs

    Contributor(s):: Courboulay, V., Eugene, A., Delarue, E.

    A welfare assessment method was built, based on criteria related to behaviour, lesion scores and human/animal interactions, and tested thereafter in two main types of farms differing by their type of floor: either concrete, fully or partially slatted (C; n=42) or straw bedding (S; n=40)....

  19. Wounding rates in shooting foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Fox, N. C., Blay, N., Greenwood, A. G., Wise, D., Potapov, E.

    One-hundred-and-ninety-nine shooters in England, Wales and Scotland shot at fox-shaped targets in 35 shotgun regimes including .410 and 12 bore using No 6, BB or AAA shot sizes at 25, 40 or 60 yards, with open and full choke barrels, and skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled shooters. A further 16...

  20. Welfare issues with the carriage horse. (UFAW Animal Welfare Series)

    Contributor(s):: Baldwin, J.

    This chapter gives a brief overview of the urban carriage horse industry in the larger US cities. Common health problems in carriage horses and health regulations are described. Moreover, some relevant welfare issues are outlined.