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  1. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    Contributor(s):: Cole, Justine, Fraser, David

    Standards and policies intended to safeguard nonhuman animal welfare, whether in zoos, farms, or laboratories, have tended to emphasize features of the physical environment. However, research has now made it clear that very different welfare outcomes are commonly seen in facilities using similar...

  2. What Is the Future for Zoos and Aquariums?

    Contributor(s):: Kagan, Ron, Allard, Stephanie, Carter, Scott

    Animal welfare concerns have plagued the professional zoo and aquarium field for decades. Societal differences remain concerning the well-being of animals, but it appears a shift is emerging. Scientific studies of animal welfare have dramatically increased, establishing that many previous...

  3. A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People

    Contributor(s):: Martin, Rosemary Anne, Melfi, Vicky

    As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human–animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...

  4. Applying Behavioral Conditioning to Identify Anticipatory Behaviors

    Contributor(s):: Krebs, Bethany L., Torres, Erika, Chesney, Charlie, Moon, Veronica Kantoniemi, Watters, Jason V.

    The ability to predict regular events can be adaptive for nonhuman animals living in an otherwise unpredictable environment. Animals may exhibit behavioral changes preceding a predictable event; such changes reflect anticipatory behavior. Anticipatory behavior is broadly defined as a...

  5. “You Can’t Really Hug a Tiger”: Zookeepers and Their Bonds with Animals

    Contributor(s):: Birke, Lynda, Hosey, Geoff, Melfi, Vicky

    Zookeepers often report strong attachment (bonds) with animals in their care. This paper reports a qualitative study of how keepers perceived these animals; the aim was to explore keepers’ experiences of bonding and how these related to the work done in zoos. Respondents were drawn from a large...

  6. New directions for zoo animal welfare science

    Contributor(s):: Whitham, Jessica C., Wielebnowski, Nadja

    In recent years, zoos and aquaria have intensified efforts to develop approaches and tools for assessing the welfare of populations and individual animals in their care. Advances made by welfare scientists conducting studies on exotic, farm, laboratory, and companion animals have led to the...

  7. Is training zoo animals enriching?

    Contributor(s):: Melfi, Vicky

    Husbandry training of zoo animals (training) has been associated with many benefits, and indisputably is a valuable tool; training facilitates movement of animals within their environment, and participation in husbandry and medical procedures. Training has also been considered to be enriching....

  8. The potential of the human–animal relationship as an environmental enrichment for the welfare of zoo-housed animals

    Contributor(s):: Claxton, Anna M.

    Environmental enrichment strategies are used to improve both the physiological and psychological welfare of captive animals, which can be achieved by increasing the expression of natural behaviour and decreasing abnormal behaviours. Examples of successful environmental enrichment include the...

  9. The Effect of Behind-The-Scenes Encounters and Interactive Presentations on the Welfare of Captive Servals (Leptailurus serval)

    Contributor(s):: Acaralp-Rehnberg, L. K., Coleman, G. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Melfi, V., Fanson, K. V., Bland, I. M.

    The serval (Leptailurus serval) is a small African felid that is well represented in zoos and often serves as an animal ambassador in encounter programs with zoo visitors. The impact on serval welfare in relation to such programs has not been investigated to date, and the aim of this study was to...

  10. Anthrozoology

    Full-text: Available

    Welcome to Anthrozoology! Are you interested in learning more about the significance of animals in our lives?  The University of Windsor is the only university in Canada offering programs in human-animal interactions! If you’re interested in studying Anthrozoology, you can now get a...

  11. Visitor effects on zoo-housed Sulawesi crested macaque (Macaca nigra) behaviour: Can signs with ‘watching eyes’ requesting quietness help?

    | Contributor(s):: Dancer, Alice M. M., Burn, Charlotte C.

    Visiting public can cause changes in the behaviour of zoo-housed primates. These effects, if indicative of stress, can be of welfare concern. However, few options to mitigate visitor effects through modulating visitor behaviour have been explored. Here we evaluated the effects of visitor number...

  12. Keeper/orangutan interactions at Auckland Zoo: Communication, friendship, and ethics between species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alexandra Palmer

    This thesis is aimed at addressing debates within and beyond anthropology pertaining to humans' relationships with nonhuman great apes. Employing a hybrid methodology derived from ethnoprimatology, I use a combination of historical, ethnographic, and ethological data to examine...

  13. The Ethical Implications of Animal Institutions | Amélie D'hers | TEDxSantaClaraUniversity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amélie D’hers

    Amélie D’hers, originally from Redmond, WA, is a third year at Santa Clara University majoring in Management Information Systems in the business school with a minor in Computer Science. Starting at a young age, Amélie developed a passion for animals and surrounded...

  14. Talking about animals : studies of young children visiting zoos, a museum and a farm.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Susan Dale Tunnicliffe

    Conversations of children, between the ages of three and twelve years, and their accompanying adults were recorded at animal exhibits during visits, organised either by the school or family, to a variety of zoos in England and the USA, and to the Natural History Museum, London. The animal...

  15. "Can Tigers Tame Your Stress?" | Kevin Rose | TEDxWilmington

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marcy Wilhelm-South, Kevin Rose

    Kevin’s talk focuses on his efforts to help combat veterans turn down the stress after returning from war. Recalling his own intense anxiety from childhood, he shares his grandmother’s teachings of nature and using the five senses to feel calm. Through this connection to the natural...

  16. Evaluating changes in salivary oxytocin and cortisol following positive reinforcement training in two adult male western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)

    | Contributor(s):: Leeds, A., Good, J., Schook, M. W., Dennis, P. M., Stoinski, T. S., Willis, M. A., Lukas, K. E.

  17. The Catalyst

    Full-text: Available

    The Catalyst is a program that helps you achieve peace of mind in a very unique way. How does it work? We bring you face to face with wild animals who will mirror your stress and get you grounded. As you walk through The CATalyst refuge, with Kevin as your guide, your animal teachers will show...

  18. Loss of a Species – A Giant, Extinct | Thomas Hildebrandt | TEDxTUM

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Thomas Hildebrandt

    What happens when an animal species gets extinct? Is it due to the natural path of evolution or the thoughtless actions of humankind? Less than a century ago, hundreds of thousands of northern white rhinos roamed the landscape of Central Africa. Today, there are only three individuals left....

  19. How to Build the Best Little Zoo in the World | Sharon Matola | TEDxBelmopan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sharon Matola

    What would you do with animals left behind after a documentary project? Well, Sharon Matola started a zoo and in this talk, she tells us all about the journey. With her love for protecting our furry, feathered and scaly friends, Matola rekindles our love for these animal ambassadors. Sharon...

  20. The Visitor Effect on Zoo Animals: Implications and Opportunities for Zoo Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Hemsworth, P. H.