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  1. A Protocol for the Ethical Assessment of Wild Animal–Visitor Interactions (AVIP) Evaluating Animal Welfare, Education, and Conservation Outcomes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara de Mori, Linda Ferrante, Daniela Florio, Elisabetta Macchi, Ilaria Pollastri, Simona Normando

    Due to the popularity of wild animal–visitor interactions (AVIs), there is a need for an ethical assessment of their impact on animal welfare, education, and conservation. The protocol presented in this study is designed to evaluate such interactions on an integrated level, using a...

  2. Eastern Grey Kangaroo (Macropus giganteus) Vigilance Behaviour Varies between Human-Modified and Natural Environments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Georgina Hume, Elizabeth Brunton, Scott Burnett

    Rapid increases in urban land use extent across the globe are creating challenges for many wildlife species. Urban landscapes present a novel environment for many species, yet our understanding of wildlife behavioural adaptations to urban environments is still poor. This study compared the...

  3. Potential Impact of Construction Noise on Selected Zoo Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Richard Jakob-Hoff, Michael Kingan, Chiaki Fenemore, Gian Schmid, John F. Cockrem, Amanda Crackle, Emily Van Bemmel, Rebecca Connor, Kris Descovich

    In anticipation of a major construction project in an urban New Zealand zoo, a study was initiated to assess the response to construction noise of selected animal species (elephant, giraffe, emu and alligator) previously observed to be sensitive to this kind of noise. The overall aim was to...

  4. Captive Wildlife at a Crossroads – Sanctuaries, Accreditation, and Humane-Washing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Delcianna J. Winders

    We are living through a pivotal moment for captive wild animals in the United States, with increased attention to their wellbeing and major changes by businesses as a result. At the same time, a desire to get up close with wild animals persists and may even be on the rise. These two concurrent...

  5. Non-Invasive Assessment of Physiological Stress in Captive Asian Elephants

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vinod Kumar, Muthulingam Pradheeps, Adiseshu Kokkiligadda, Rajashekhar Niyogi, Govindhaswamy Umapathy

    Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) populations, both in the wild and in captivity, have been continually declining over the decades. The present study examined the physiological stress response of captive Asian elephants in relation to body condition score and different working conditions. A...

  6. The urban forest project as an extension of landscape immersion and a way to support community engagement in the Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yulia Nurliani Lukito

    This article examines necessary elements to be considered in designing urban forest at the Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta, as part of increasing the role of the zoo to educate people on animals and their habitats. The purpose of the community project conducted by the Architectural Team from the...

  7. Effects of Visitors and Enrichments on Behavior of Captive Red Wolves' (Canis rufus) at the Great Plains Zoo, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kylee S. Shotkoski

    Red wolves (Canis rufus) are the first animals to maintain a wild population from captive, released individuals. A captive breeding program for red wolves was started before complete extirpation, and 4 breeding pairs were released in Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge (North Carolina) in...

  8. Effects of Regulating Visitor Viewing Proximity and the Intensity of Visitor Behaviour on Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor) Behaviour and Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Samantha J. Chiew, Kym L. Butler, Sally L. Sherwen, Grahame J. Coleman, Kerry V. Fanson, Paul H. Hemsworth

    We examined the effects of regulating the viewing proximity of visitors and the intensity of visitor behaviour on behaviours indicative of fear and stress physiology of 15 zoo-housed little penguins (Eudyptula minor). A 2 × 2 factorial fully randomised design was used to examine the...

  9. A Global Review of Animal–Visitor Interactions in Modern Zoos and Aquariums and Their Implications for Wild Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Neil D’Cruze, Sophie Khan, Gemma Carder, David Megson, Emma Coulthard, John Norrey, Georgina Groves

    We provide an initial insight into the occurrence and characteristics of animal-visitor interactions (AVIs) involving captive wild animals within zoos and aquaria. Using information provided online via official public websites of modern zoos and aquaria, we found that AVIs were provided by the...

  10. Elephants of the Pink City, Jaipur, India: A Study of the Captive Elephant Welfare and Management Practice in Ex-Situ Environmental Conditions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ayan Sasmal

    Although the arid Rajasthan desert is far from native elephant habitat, captive elephants (Elephas maximus) are managed by some private owners in Jaipur. The semi-arid Jaipur experiences a very hot summer and an extreme cold winter. Along with this, improper management practice and tremendous...

  11. Looking for Visitor's Effect in Sanctuaries: Implications of Guided Visitor Groups on the Behavior of the Chimpanzees at Fundació Mona

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jana López-Álvarez, Yaiza Sanjorge, Sara Soloaga, Dietmar Crailsheim, Miquel Llorente

    The question of ‘if and how captive primates are affected by visitors’ has gained increasing attention over the last decades. Although the majority reported undesirable effects on behavior and wellbeing, many studies reported contradicting results. Most of these studies were...

  12. Comparative Personality Traits Assessment of Three Species of Communally Housed Captive Penguins

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giovanni Quintavalle Pastorino, Richard Preziosi, Massimo Faustini, Giulio Curone, Mariangela Albertini, Dawn Nicoll, Lorna Moffat, Romain Pizzi, Silvia Mazzola

    Understanding animal personalities has notable implications in the ecology and evolution of animal behavior, but personality studies can also be useful in optimizing animal management, with the aim of improving health and well-being, and optimizing reproductive success, a fundamental factor in...

  13. Pheromonal enrichment in the zoo: An empirical approach with Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)

    | Contributor(s):: LaDue, Chase A., Schulte, Bruce A.

    2021Applied Animal Behaviour Science2351052280168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2021.105228text

  14. Understanding Organizational Trust of Zoos and Aquariums

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shelley J. Rank, John Voiklis, Rupanwita Gupta, John R. Fraser, Kate Flinner

    Zoos and aquariums (ZAs) play a pivotal role in wildlife conservation, including educating the public. Nevertheless, media depictions of ZAs that emphasize animal captivity may erode public trust. We report on the first systematic survey of organizational trust in ZAs, contrasting how people...

  15. Initial Observation of Human-Bird VocalInteractions in a Zoological Setting

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rébecca Kleinberger, Janet Baker, Gabriel Miller

    Vocal interactions between humans and non-human animals are pervasive, but studies are often limitedto communication within species. Here, we conducted a pilot exploration of vocal interactions betweenvisitors to the San Diego Zoo Safari Park and Sampson, an 18-year-old male Hyacinth Macaw...

  16. Human-Animal Interactions in Zoos: What Can Compassionate Conservation, Conservation Welfare and Duty of Care Tell Us about the Ethics of Interacting, and Avoiding Unintended Consequences?

    | Contributor(s):: Learmonth, M. J.

  17. All is Whale That Ends Whale? The Deficiencies in National Protection for Orca Whales in Captivity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hillary T. Wise

    With the severity of our Earth’s climate change crisis, this article endeavors to underline the critical need for environmental reformation. It is no secret that orca whales epitomize miraculous intelligence, gentility, and strength. As overwhelming as this crisis might be, there are very...

  18. Pros and Cons of Marine Zoological Parks According to Marine Conservationists

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kayla L. Patama

    Throughout history zoos and aquariums have satisfied a number of different, albeit to some, conflicting roles (Ballantyne, Packer, Hughes, & Dierking, 2007). In recent years, zoos and aquariums have shifted their focus on taking a proactive role in wildlife conservation and promoting...

  19. An Animal Welfare Risk Assessment Process for Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sally L. Sherwen, Lauren M. Hemsworth, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Amanda Embury, David J. Mellor

    There is a growing interest and need for zoos to develop and implement welfare assessment tools that are practical to use and provide meaningful results that can inform management decisions. This paper presents a process that was developed to support this type of evidence-based management in...

  20. The Different Physical and Behavioural Characteristics of Zoo Mammals That Influence Their Response to Visitors

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marina B. Queiroz, Robert J. Young

    The factors underlying the ‘zoo visit effect’ (changes in animal behaviour/physiology in response to visitor presence) are still poorly understood, despite it being widely investigated. The present study examined the effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour of 17 different species of...