Pheromonal enrichment in the zoo: An empirical approach with Asian elephants (Elephas maximus)
Contributor(s):: LaDue, Chase A., Schulte, Bruce A.
2021Applied Animal Behaviour Science2351052280168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2021.105228text
Understanding Organizational Trust of Zoos and Aquariums
| Contributor(s):: Shelley J. Rank, John Voiklis, Rupanwita Gupta, John R. Fraser, Kate Flinner
Zoos and aquariums (ZAs) play a pivotal role in wildlife conservation, including educating the public. Nevertheless, media depictions of ZAs that emphasize animal captivity may erode public trust. We report on the first systematic survey of organizational trust in ZAs, contrasting how people...
Initial Observation of Human-Bird VocalInteractions in a Zoological Setting
| Contributor(s):: Rébecca Kleinberger, Janet Baker, Gabriel Miller
Vocal interactions between humans and non-human animals are pervasive, but studies are often limitedto communication within species. Here, we conducted a pilot exploration of vocal interactions betweenvisitors to the San Diego Zoo Safari Park and Sampson, an 18-year-old male Hyacinth Macaw...
Human-Animal Interactions in Zoos: What Can Compassionate Conservation, Conservation Welfare and Duty of Care Tell Us about the Ethics of Interacting, and Avoiding Unintended Consequences?
| Contributor(s):: Learmonth, M. J.
All is Whale That Ends Whale? The Deficiencies in National Protection for Orca Whales in Captivity
| Contributor(s):: Hillary T. Wise
With the severity of our Earth’s climate change crisis, this article endeavors to underline the critical need for environmental reformation. It is no secret that orca whales epitomize miraculous intelligence, gentility, and strength. As overwhelming as this crisis might be, there are very...
Pros and Cons of Marine Zoological Parks According to Marine Conservationists
| Contributor(s):: Kayla L. Patama
Throughout history zoos and aquariums have satisfied a number of different, albeit to some, conflicting roles (Ballantyne, Packer, Hughes, & Dierking, 2007). In recent years, zoos and aquariums have shifted their focus on taking a proactive role in wildlife conservation and promoting...
An Animal Welfare Risk Assessment Process for Zoos
| Contributor(s):: Sally L. Sherwen, Lauren M. Hemsworth, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Amanda Embury, David J. Mellor
There is a growing interest and need for zoos to develop and implement welfare assessment tools that are practical to use and provide meaningful results that can inform management decisions. This paper presents a process that was developed to support this type of evidence-based management in...
The Different Physical and Behavioural Characteristics of Zoo Mammals That Influence Their Response to Visitors
| Contributor(s):: Marina B. Queiroz, Robert J. Young
The factors underlying the ‘zoo visit effect’ (changes in animal behaviour/physiology in response to visitor presence) are still poorly understood, despite it being widely investigated. The present study examined the effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour of 17 different species of...
Effectiveness of conservation education at the Chattanooga Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Luke Allen Black
Conservation is the central focus of many modern zoos and aquariums. These zoos incorporate guest education to facilitate a connection between zoo guests and animal conservation. I conducted a study at the Chattanooga Zoo and the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga which examined two modern...
An Examination of Intrinsic Existence Value Towards Wildlife of Columbus Zoo and Aquariums Tourists: Evaluating the Impact of Behind the Scenes Programming
| Contributor(s):: Robert Maxwell Lakes
Changes in climate and the corresponding environmental issues are major concerns facing the world today. Human consumption, which is leading the rapid depletion of the earth’s finite resources and causing a dramatic loss of biodiversity, is largely to blame (Pearson, Lowry, Dorrian, &...
It's All Happening at the Zoo: Children's Environmental Learning after School
| Contributor(s):: Jason A. Douglas, Cindi Katz
Pairing dynamic out-of-school-time (OST) programs with zoos can encourage young people's relationships with and sense of responsibility for animals and the environment. The project presented in this article, Animal Rescuers, gave the authors the opportunity to examine how such a pairing can...
Ethics and code of conduct in zoo management
| Contributor(s):: Rita Bahne
There are around 1 million wild animals living in the 10,000-12,000 zoos worldwide. They include zoological parks, biological parks, safari parks, public aquariums, bird parks, reptile parks and insectariums. Zoo tourism is both domestic and international. The purpose of this research thesis...
How Does the Presence of a Live Animal Affect the Millennial Generation's Attitudes towards Zoos and Species Conservation?
| Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Sommers
Zoos and aquariums have unique opportunities to educate the public utilizing human-animal interactions. Many zoos claim success in educating their audiences and inspiring pro-conservation outcomes, but little research exists to confirm this. Existing research focuses on family members and...
Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension
| Contributor(s):: Cole, Justine, Fraser, David
Standards and policies intended to safeguard nonhuman animal welfare, whether in zoos, farms, or laboratories, have tended to emphasize features of the physical environment. However, research has now made it clear that very different welfare outcomes are commonly seen in facilities using similar...
What Is the Future for Zoos and Aquariums?
| Contributor(s):: Kagan, Ron, Allard, Stephanie, Carter, Scott
Animal welfare concerns have plagued the professional zoo and aquarium field for decades. Societal differences remain concerning the well-being of animals, but it appears a shift is emerging. Scientific studies of animal welfare have dramatically increased, establishing that many previous...
A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People
| Contributor(s):: Martin, Rosemary Anne, Melfi, Vicky
As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human–animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...
Applying Behavioral Conditioning to Identify Anticipatory Behaviors
| Contributor(s):: Krebs, Bethany L., Torres, Erika, Chesney, Charlie, Moon, Veronica Kantoniemi, Watters, Jason V.
The ability to predict regular events can be adaptive for nonhuman animals living in an otherwise unpredictable environment. Animals may exhibit behavioral changes preceding a predictable event; such changes reflect anticipatory behavior. Anticipatory behavior is broadly defined as a...
“You Can’t Really Hug a Tiger”: Zookeepers and Their Bonds with Animals
| Contributor(s):: Birke, Lynda, Hosey, Geoff, Melfi, Vicky
Zookeepers often report strong attachment (bonds) with animals in their care. This paper reports a qualitative study of how keepers perceived these animals; the aim was to explore keepers’ experiences of bonding and how these related to the work done in zoos. Respondents were drawn from a large...
New directions for zoo animal welfare science
| Contributor(s):: Whitham, Jessica C., Wielebnowski, Nadja
In recent years, zoos and aquaria have intensified efforts to develop approaches and tools for assessing the welfare of populations and individual animals in their care. Advances made by welfare scientists conducting studies on exotic, farm, laboratory, and companion animals have led to the...
Is training zoo animals enriching?
| Contributor(s):: Melfi, Vicky
Husbandry training of zoo animals (training) has been associated with many benefits, and indisputably is a valuable tool; training facilitates movement of animals within their environment, and participation in husbandry and medical procedures. Training has also been considered to be enriching....