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  1. Preparing The Yucatan Black Howler Monkey for Its Return to The Wild: An Assessment of Wildtracks' Approach to Rehabilitation and Reintroduction

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Blanca Ponce

    Nearly half of non-human primates are in danger of extinction due to the negative impact of anthropogenic activities. Among the species most negatively affected is the family Atelidae (Di Fiore, Link, & Campbell, 2011). For this reason, non-human primates remain a central focus in global...

  2. Social Interactions in Zoo-Housed Elephants: Factors Affecting Social Relationships

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ellen Williams, Anne Carter, Carol Hall, Samantha Bremner-Harrison

    Elephants have complex social systems that are predominantly driven by ecological factors in situ. Within zoos, elephants are held in relatively static social groups and the factors observed driving social relationships in the wild are largely absent. Little research has investigated the effect...

  3. Evaluating Trophic Rewilding as a Conservation Technique

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aaron Sieve

    The focus for this paper is to define specifically trophic rewilding, determine its efficacy as a conservation technique, and explore ways to lessen one of its key limitations. Trophic rewilding is the conservation technique whereby an extirpated keystone species or ecosystem engineer is...

  4. A zoo animal's neighbourhood: how conspecific neighbours impact welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Whitham, J. C., Miller, L. J.

  5. Efficacy of an interactive apparatus as environmental enrichment for common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

    | Contributor(s):: Lauderdale, L. K., Miller, L. J.

  6. Relationship between behavioural diversity and faecal glucocorticoid metabolites: a case study with cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus)

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, L. J., Pisacane, C. B., Vicino, G. A.

  7. Behavioral Research on Captive Animals: Scientific and Ethical Concerns

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kimberley Jayne, Adam See

    The first half of this chapter focuses exclusively on animals that are used in laboratory behavioral research to model wild behavior, what is typically involved, problems associated with this practice, and how behavioral research has revealed scientific problems in the animal model. The second...

  8. The Effectiveness Of Visits To Dickerson Park Zoo On Guests' Conservation Mindedness And Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah K. Foster

    Today, there are more than 10,000 zoos worldwide that provide the public with opportunities to observe and learn about endangered and threatened species from ecosystems all over the world. Through direct and emotional interactions with wildlife at zoos, more than 600 million guests a year have...

  9. A Protocol for the Ethical Assessment of Wild Animal–Visitor Interactions (AVIP) Evaluating Animal Welfare, Education, and Conservation Outcomes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara de Mori, Linda Ferrante, Daniela Florio, Elisabetta Macchi, Ilaria Pollastri, Simona Normando

    Due to the popularity of wild animal–visitor interactions (AVIs), there is a need for an ethical assessment of their impact on animal welfare, education, and conservation. The protocol presented in this study is designed to evaluate such interactions on an integrated level, using a...

  10. Eastern Grey Kangaroo (Macropus giganteus) Vigilance Behaviour Varies between Human-Modified and Natural Environments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Georgina Hume, Elizabeth Brunton, Scott Burnett

    Rapid increases in urban land use extent across the globe are creating challenges for many wildlife species. Urban landscapes present a novel environment for many species, yet our understanding of wildlife behavioural adaptations to urban environments is still poor. This study compared the...

  11. Potential Impact of Construction Noise on Selected Zoo Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Richard Jakob-Hoff, Michael Kingan, Chiaki Fenemore, Gian Schmid, John F. Cockrem, Amanda Crackle, Emily Van Bemmel, Rebecca Connor, Kris Descovich

    In anticipation of a major construction project in an urban New Zealand zoo, a study was initiated to assess the response to construction noise of selected animal species (elephant, giraffe, emu and alligator) previously observed to be sensitive to this kind of noise. The overall aim was to...

  12. Captive Wildlife at a Crossroads – Sanctuaries, Accreditation, and Humane-Washing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Delcianna J. Winders

    We are living through a pivotal moment for captive wild animals in the United States, with increased attention to their wellbeing and major changes by businesses as a result. At the same time, a desire to get up close with wild animals persists and may even be on the rise. These two concurrent...

  13. Non-Invasive Assessment of Physiological Stress in Captive Asian Elephants

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vinod Kumar, Muthulingam Pradheeps, Adiseshu Kokkiligadda, Rajashekhar Niyogi, Govindhaswamy Umapathy

    Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) populations, both in the wild and in captivity, have been continually declining over the decades. The present study examined the physiological stress response of captive Asian elephants in relation to body condition score and different working conditions. A...

  14. The urban forest project as an extension of landscape immersion and a way to support community engagement in the Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yulia Nurliani Lukito

    This article examines necessary elements to be considered in designing urban forest at the Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta, as part of increasing the role of the zoo to educate people on animals and their habitats. The purpose of the community project conducted by the Architectural Team from the...

  15. Effects of Visitors and Enrichments on Behavior of Captive Red Wolves' (Canis rufus) at the Great Plains Zoo, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kylee S. Shotkoski

    Red wolves (Canis rufus) are the first animals to maintain a wild population from captive, released individuals. A captive breeding program for red wolves was started before complete extirpation, and 4 breeding pairs were released in Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge (North Carolina) in...

  16. Effects of Regulating Visitor Viewing Proximity and the Intensity of Visitor Behaviour on Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor) Behaviour and Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Samantha J. Chiew, Kym L. Butler, Sally L. Sherwen, Grahame J. Coleman, Kerry V. Fanson, Paul H. Hemsworth

    We examined the effects of regulating the viewing proximity of visitors and the intensity of visitor behaviour on behaviours indicative of fear and stress physiology of 15 zoo-housed little penguins (Eudyptula minor). A 2 × 2 factorial fully randomised design was used to examine the...

  17. A Global Review of Animal–Visitor Interactions in Modern Zoos and Aquariums and Their Implications for Wild Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Neil D’Cruze, Sophie Khan, Gemma Carder, David Megson, Emma Coulthard, John Norrey, Georgina Groves

    We provide an initial insight into the occurrence and characteristics of animal-visitor interactions (AVIs) involving captive wild animals within zoos and aquaria. Using information provided online via official public websites of modern zoos and aquaria, we found that AVIs were provided by the...

  18. Elephants of the Pink City, Jaipur, India: A Study of the Captive Elephant Welfare and Management Practice in Ex-Situ Environmental Conditions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ayan Sasmal

    Although the arid Rajasthan desert is far from native elephant habitat, captive elephants (Elephas maximus) are managed by some private owners in Jaipur. The semi-arid Jaipur experiences a very hot summer and an extreme cold winter. Along with this, improper management practice and tremendous...

  19. Looking for Visitor's Effect in Sanctuaries: Implications of Guided Visitor Groups on the Behavior of the Chimpanzees at Fundació Mona

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jana López-Álvarez, Yaiza Sanjorge, Sara Soloaga, Dietmar Crailsheim, Miquel Llorente

    The question of ‘if and how captive primates are affected by visitors’ has gained increasing attention over the last decades. Although the majority reported undesirable effects on behavior and wellbeing, many studies reported contradicting results. Most of these studies were...

  20. Comparative Personality Traits Assessment of Three Species of Communally Housed Captive Penguins

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giovanni Quintavalle Pastorino, Richard Preziosi, Massimo Faustini, Giulio Curone, Mariangela Albertini, Dawn Nicoll, Lorna Moffat, Romain Pizzi, Silvia Mazzola

    Understanding animal personalities has notable implications in the ecology and evolution of animal behavior, but personality studies can also be useful in optimizing animal management, with the aim of improving health and well-being, and optimizing reproductive success, a fundamental factor in...