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  1. Factors that can be used to predict release rates for wildlife casualties

    Contributor(s):: Molony, S. E., Baker, P. J., Garland, L., Cuthill, I. C., Harris, S.

    Of the wildlife casualties admitted to rehabilitation centres in England, less than half are subsequently released back into the wild. If the factors associated with survival within rehabilitation centres can be determined, they may be used to focus efforts on individuals with high chances of...

  2. Health Technology Assessment as a template for assessments in laboratory animal science with a focus on phenotyping protocols

    Contributor(s):: Thon, R., Ritskes-Hoitinga, M., Vondeling, H.

    This study introduces Health Technology Assessment (HTA) - a systematic, evidence-based, multidisciplinary approach to assessing human health technologies, aimed at supporting decision-making in health policy and clinical practice - into laboratory animal science. A conceptual presentation is...

  3. Impact of trapping and handling on Leukocyte Coping Capacity in bank voles ( Clethrionomys glareolus ) and wood mice ( Apodemus sylvaticus )

    Contributor(s):: Gelling, M., McLaren, G. W., Mathews, F., Mian, R., Macdonald, D. W.

    Small mammals are routinely live-trapped and subsequently handled for a range of ecological and behavioural studies. Despite the techniques commonly employed being potentially stressful for the individual animals involved, it has hitherto been difficult to quantify the physiological impact. Here,...

  4. Laboratory animal, pet animal, farm animal, wild animal: which gets the best deal?

    Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S., Honess, P.

    A veterinary surgeon wishing to practice in the UK promises, on admission to the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, that their "constant endeavour will be to ensure the welfare of the animals committed to [their] care" (RCVS 2006 Guide to Professional Conduct). Yet a constant dilemma is that...

  5. Mammal trapping: a review of animal welfare standards of killing and restraining traps

    Contributor(s):: Iossa, G., Soulsbury, C. D., Harris, S.

    Millions of wild mammals are trapped annually for fur, pest control and wildlife management. Ensuring the welfare of trapped individuals can only be achieved by trapping methods that meet accepted standards of animal welfare. At the international level, the assessment of mechanical properties of...

  6. Morphological changes in European goldfinches ( Carduelis carduelis ) released by bird trappers

    Contributor(s):: Dominguez, J., Vidal, M., Tapia, L.

    In Spain, several Autonomous Communities have granted licenses to capture European goldfinches (Carduelis carduelis parva) during the post-breeding period, from August to December. In Galicia (NW Spain) and other Autonomous Communities, after 5-7 months of captivity, many birds are released. We...

  7. Post-release survival of hand-reared pipistrelle bats ( Pipistrellus spp)

    Contributor(s):: Kelly, A., Goodwin, S., Grogan, A., Mathews, F.

    There is very little known about the post-release survival of hand-reared pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus spp). We radio-tracked 12 pipistrelle bats, hand-reared and released under three different protocols: (i) limited pre-release flight training and over-wintering (n=5); (ii) prolonged...

  8. Post-release survival of hand-reared tawny owls ( Strix aluco ) based on radio-tracking and leg-band return data

    Contributor(s):: Leighton, K., Chilvers, D., Charles, A., Kelly, A.

    The post-release survival of hand-reared tawny owls (Strix aluco) was measured using radio-tracking and leg-band return data. Of 16 birds fitted with 2.4 g radiotelemetry tags, two shed their tags after four and nine days, respectively and one bird was recovered and the tag removed. The remaining...

  9. Serum cortisol in California sea lion pups ( Zalophus californianus californianus )

    Contributor(s):: Pedernera-Romano, C., Aurioles-Gamboa, D., Valdez, R. A., Brousset, D. M., Romano, M. C., Galindo, F.

    Marine ecosystems are exposed to a wide variety of factors that may produce disturbances in their structure and functioning. The Gulf of California supports fisheries, tourism, intensive agriculture, mining, and more recently, shrimp aquaculture. Under such conditions, animals are forced to cope...

  10. Social behaviour of collared peccaries ( Pecari tajacu ) under three space allowances

    Contributor(s):: Nogueira, S. S. da C., Silva, M. G., Dias, C. T. dos S., Pompeia, S., Cetra, M., Nogueira Filho, S. L. G.

    Captive breeding of peccaries is on the increase in neotropical countries. Few studies, however, have reported behavioural responses of wild animals under farmed conditions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of space allowance on the occurrence of social behaviour...

  11. Song development in birds: the role of early experience and its potential effect on rehabilitation success

    Contributor(s):: Spencer, K. A., Harris, S., Baker, P. J., Cuthill, I. C.

    Environmental conditions during the early life stages of birds can have significant effects on the quality of sexual signals in adulthood, especially song, and these ultimately have consequences for breeding success and fitness. This has wide-ranging implications for the rehabilitation protocols...

  12. Survival and adaptation of a released group of confiscated capuchin monkeys

    Contributor(s):: Suarez, C. E., Gamboa, E. M., Claver, P., Nassar-Montoya, F.

    One commonly used method of managing confiscated wild primates in Latin American countries is to release rehabilitated individuals back to their natural habitats. However, little information has been collected from confiscated animal releases, so no clear guidelines have been developed to measure...

  13. Toward a synthesis of conservation and animal welfare science. (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Fraser, D.

    Conservation biology and animal welfare science are multidisciplinary fields of research that address social concerns about animals. Conservation biology focuses on wild animals, works at the level of populations, ecological systems and genetic types, and deals with threats to biodiversity and...

  14. Welfare of badgers ( Meles meles ) subjected to culling: development and evaluation of a closed season

    Contributor(s):: Woodroffe, R., Bourne, F. J., Cheeseman, C. L., Cox, D. R., Donnelly, C. A., Gettinby, G., McInerney, J. P., Morrison, W. I.

    For the past 25 years, European badgers (Meles meles) have been subject to culling in Britain in attempts to limit the spread of tuberculosis (TB) to cattle. As part of a far-reaching evaluation of the effectiveness and acceptability of badger culling as a TB control measure, this paper assesses...

  15. Welfare of badgers ( Meles meles ) subjected to culling: patterns of trap-related injury

    Contributor(s):: Woodroffe, R., Bourne, F. J., Cox, D. R., Donnelly, C. A., Gettinby, G., McInerney, J. P., Morrison, W. I.

    For over 25 years, European badgers (Meles meles) have been subject to culling in Britain in attempts to limit the spread of tuberculosis (TB) to cattle. As part of a far-reaching evaluation of the effectiveness and acceptability of badger culling as a TB control measure, this paper assesses one...

  16. Wild animal conservation and welfare in agricultural systems. (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Mathews, F.

    At least one-third of the land on earth is used for agricultural production and conflicts with the interests of wildlife are inevitable. These conflicts are likely to escalate as the human population expands and as the scale and intensity of agricultural production increases. This paper argues...

  17. Wildlife conservation and animal welfare: two sides of the same coin? (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Paquet, P. C., Darimont, C. T.

    Human activities deprive wild animals of their life requisites by destroying or impoverishing their surroundings, causing suffering of individuals. Yet, the notion that animal welfare applies to wildlife has escaped many animal welfarists and conservationists. A well-accepted and applied ethical...

  18. Ethics and animal welfare in wild primates

    Contributor(s):: Oliveira, M. A. B. de

    The concept of 'ethics' is usually applied, among primates, to humans only. This article argues that it should also be applied to non-human primates. Brazil is the 'guardian' of the most rich and diverse - and threatened - fauna of non-human primates in the world. Of 103...