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  1. Contribution of cats and dogs to SARS-CoV-2 transmission in households

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fischer, E. A. J., Broens, E. M., Kooistra, H. S., De Rooij, M. M. T., Stegeman, J. A., De Jong, M. C. M.

    IntroductionSARS-CoV-2 is known to jump across species. The occurrence of transmission in households between humans and companion animals has been shown, but the contribution of companion animals to the overall transmission within a household is unknown. The basic reproduction number (R-0) is...

  2. Biomedical research with a Caribbean one-health perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Cheetham, S., Stone, D., Marancik, D., Kaplan, R. M., Olson, N. C.

  3. Preparation for the next pandemic: challenges in strengthening surveillance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chiu, K. H., Sridhar, S., Yuen, K. Y.

    The devastating Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic indicates that early detection of candidates with pandemic potential is vital. However, comprehensive metagenomic sequencing of the total microbiome is not practical due to the astronomical and rapidly evolving numbers and species of...

  4. Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Terrestrial Animals in Southern Nigeria: Potential Cases of Reverse Zoonosis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Happi, A. N., Ayinla, A. O., Ogunsanya, O. A., Sijuwola, A. E., Saibu, F. M., Akano, K., George, U. E., Sopeju, A. E., Rabinowitz, P. M., Ojo, K. K., Barrett, L. K., Van Voorhis, W. C., Happi, C. T.

    Since SARS-CoV-2 caused the COVID-19 pandemic, records have suggested the occurrence of reverse zoonosis of pets and farm animals in contact with SARS-CoV-2-positive humans in the Occident. However, there is little information on the spread of the virus among animals in contact with humans in...

  5. Human-Animal Interaction in Animal-Assisted Interventions (AAI)s: Zoonosis Risks, Benefits, and Future Directions-A One Health Approach

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Liguori, G., Costagliola, A., Lombardi, R., Paciello, O., Giordano, A.

    Animal-assisted interventions (AAI)s represent the expression of integrated medicine, according to the One Health approach. Actually, animal-assisted therapies and animal-assisted activities are implemented in hospitals, rehabilitation centers, etc. The efficacy of AAIs is based on...

  6. Major Parasitic Zoonoses Associated with Dogs and Cats in Europe

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: G. Baneth, S.M. Thamsborg, D. Otranto, J. Guillot, R. Blaga, P. Deplazes, L. Solano-Gallego

    Some of the most important zoonotic infectious diseases are associated with parasites transmitted from companion animals to man. This review describes the main parasitic zoonoses in Europe related to dogs and cats, with particular emphasis on their current epidemiology. Toxoplasmosis,...

  7. Review of Emerging and Re-Emerging Zoonotic Pathogens of Dogs in Nigeria: Missing Link in One Health Approach

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dorcas A. Gado, David O. Ehizibolo, Clement A. Meseko, Neil E. Anderson, Peter W. W. Lurz

    Dogs live in close contact with humans as pets, for hunting, for security, and as a source of income. In addition, the meat is also consumed by some tribes in Nigeria. Dogs could therefore serve as reservoirs, carriers, and transmitters of zoonotic diseases. This review evaluates the literature...

  8. Seroexposure to Zoonotic Anaplasma and Borrelia in Dogs and Horses That Are in Contact with Vulnerable People in Italy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Traversa, D., Milillo, P., Maggi, R., Simonato, G., Di Cesare, A., Pezzuto, C., Grillini, M., Morelli, S., Colombo, M., Passarelli, A., Grassano, A., Serio, P., Losurdo, M., Brueckmann, R.

    Equine and canine anaplasmosis and borreliosis are major tick-borne zoonotic diseases caused by Anaplasma phagocytophilum and various species of Borrelia (the most important being Borrelia burgdorferi s.l.), respectively. This study evaluated the seroexposure to Anaplasma and Borrelia in dogs...

  9. Consensus Statement on Animals' Relationship with Pediatric Oncohematological Patients, on Behalf of Infectious Diseases and Nurse Working Groups of the Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fiumana, G., Botta, D., Dalla Porta, M. F., Macchi, S., Soncini, E., Santaniello, A., Paciello, O., Amicucci, M., Cellini, M., Cesaro, S.

    Contact with animals in pediatric oncohematologic patients is associated with many benefits, but the risk of contracting zoonoses, even if low, must be considered by clinicians. In order to assess the awareness about this topic, we surveyed the Italian pediatric oncohematology centers, which...

  10. Critical problems for research in animal sheltering, a conceptual analysis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Horecka, K., Neal, S.

    Animal shelter research has seen significant increases in participation over the past several decades from academic organizations, private organizations, public entities, and even corporations that aims to improve shelter programs, processes, operations, and outcomes for the various...

  11. Emergency fostering of dogs from animal shelters during the COVID-19 pandemic: shelter practices, foster caregiver engagement, and dog outcomes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gunter, L. M., Gilchrist, R. J., Blade, E. M., Reed, J. L., Isernia, L. T., Barber, R. T., Foster, A. M., Feuerbacher, E. N., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Each year, millions of dogs enter thousands of animal shelters across the United States. Life in the shelter can be stressful, and one type of intervention that improves dogs' experience is human interaction, particularly stays in foster homes. Prior research has demonstrated that fostering...

  12. Susceptibility of domestic and companion animals to SARS-CoV-2: a comprehensive review

    | Contributor(s):: Pourbagher-Shahri, Ali Mohammad, Mohammadi, Gholamreza, Ghazavi, Hamed, Forouzanfar, Fatemeh

  13. Management of contraception and unwanted pregnancy of dogs raised in human settlements in the Ventanilla district, Peru

    | Contributor(s):: Ponte, Kyara, Leon, Daphne, Falcon, Nestor

  14. Zoonotic causes of febrile illness in malaria endemic countries: a systematic review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jo E B Halliday, Manuela Carugati, Michael E Snavely, Kathryn J Allan, Julia Beamesderfer, Georgia A F Ladbury, Deborah V Hoyle, Paul Holland, John A Crump, Sarah Cleaveland, Matthew P Rubach

    Fever is one of the most common reasons for seeking health care globally and most human pathogens are zoonotic. We conducted a systematic review to describe the occurrence and distribution of zoonotic causes of human febrile illness reported in malaria endemic countries. We included data from...

  15. Applying One Health to Free-Roaming Cats

    | Contributor(s):: Lindenmayer, Joann M., Bays, Danielle Jo, Pesek, Julia

  16. Human density is associated with the increased prevalence of a generalist zoonotic parasite in mammalian wildlife

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy G. Wilson, Scott Wilson, Niloofar Alavi, David R. Lapen

    Macroecological approaches can provide valuable insight into the epidemiology of globally distributed, multi-host pathogens. Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic protozoan that infects any warm-blooded animal, including humans, in almost every ecosystem worldwide. There is substantial...

  17. Climate change and zoonoses: A review of the current status, knowledge gaps, and future trends

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ruwini Rupasinghe, Bruno B. Chomel, Beatriz Martínez-López

    Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs), especially those with zoonotic potential, are a growing threat to global health, economy, and safety. The influence of global warming and geoclimatic variations on zoonotic disease epidemiology is evident by alterations in the host, vector, and pathogen...

  18. Do Pets Keep People Healthy?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine Compitus

    "Zooeiya" describes the positive benefits of human-animal interactions.

  19. Cat scratch disease at the human-animal interface. Case report in the City of San Luis, ArgentinaEnfermedad por aranazo de gato en la interfaz humano-animal. Reporte de caso en la Ciudad de San Luis, Argentina

    | Contributor(s):: Santiago Lorenzatti, J., Nazarena de Salvo, M., Diaz Perez, P., Cicuttin, G. L., Samartino, L. E.

  20. Small animal zoonoses on the rise or under the radar

    | Contributor(s):: Wright, I.