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  1. Fatal Tuberculosis in a Free-Ranging African Elephant and One Health Implications of Human Pathogens in Wildlife

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michele A. Miller, Peter Buss, Eduard O. Roos, Guy Hausler, Anzaan Dippenaar, Emily Mitchell, Louis van Schalkwyk, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, W. Ray Waters, Alina Sikar-Gang, Konstantin P. Lyashchenko, Sven D. C. Parsons, Robin Warren, Paul van Helden

    Tuberculosis (TB) in humans is a global public health concern and the discovery of animal cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection and disease, especially in multi-host settings, also has significant implications for public health, veterinary disease control, and conservation...

  2. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Occurrence of ESKAPE Bacteria Group in Dogs, and the Related Zoonotic Risk in Animal-Assisted Therapy, and in Animal-Assisted Activity in the Health Context

    | Contributor(s):: Santaniello, A., Sansone, M., Fioretti, A., Menna, L. F.

    Animal-assisted interventions are widely implemented in different contexts worldwide. Particularly, animal-assisted therapies and animal-assisted activities are often implemented in hospitals, rehabilitation centers, and other health facilities. These interventions bring several benefits to...

  3. Risks associated with animal-assisted intervention programs: A literature review

    | Contributor(s):: Dalton, K. R., Waite, K. B., Ruble, K., Carroll, K. C., DeLone, A., Frankenfield, P., Serpell, J. A., Thorpe, R. J., Jr., Morris, D. O., Agnew, J., Rubenstein, R. C., Davis, M. F.

    The benefits of animal-assisted interventions (AAI), to utilize companion animals as an adjunctive treatment modality, is well-established and a burgeoning research field. However, few studies have evaluated the potential hazards of these programs, such as the potential for therapy animals to...

  4. The Best Medicine: Personal Pets and Therapy Animals in the Hospital Setting

    | Contributor(s):: Barchas, D., Melaragni, M., Abrahim, H., Barchas, E.

    Companion animals can have a positive impact on people's health and well-being. Personal pet visitation and animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) can benefit patients' pain, blood pressure, stress, depression, and anxiety, as well as increasing mobility and socialization with staff and families....

  5. A qualitative study of zoonotic risk factors among rural communities in southern China

    | Contributor(s):: Li, H. Y., Zhu, G. J., Zhang, Y. Z., Zhang, L. B., Hagan, E. A., Martinez, S., Chmura, A. A., Francisco, L., Tai, H., Miller, M., Daszak, P.

  6. The "pet effect" in cancer patients: Risks and benefits of human-pet interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Chan, M. M., Tapia Rico, G.

  7. Review of principles governing dog health education in remote Aboriginal communities

    | Contributor(s):: Willis, E. M., Ross, K. E.

  8. [Pet cats, medicine and art]

    | Contributor(s):: Cabello, C. F.

  9. Zoonosis : prospects and challenges for medical anthropology

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Frédéric Keck, Christos Lynteris

    In recent years anthropologists have shown an increasing interest in ‘zoonoses’: diseases naturally transmitted from nonhuman animals to humans, such as anthrax, brucellosis, influenza, hantavirus syndromes, Middle East respiratory syndrome, plague, and rabies. Animal-derived...

  10. What vaccinating vampire bats can teach us about pandemics | Daniel Streicker

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel Streicker

    Could we anticipate the next big disease outbreak, stopping a virus like Ebola before it ever strikes? In this talk about frontline scientific research, ecologist Daniel Streicker takes us to the Amazon rainforest in Peru where he tracks the movement of vampire bats in order to forecast and...

  11. Preventing zoonotic diseases in immunocompromised persons: the role of physicians and veterinarians.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sara Grant, Christopher W. Olsen

  12. Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kathryn J. Allan, Holly M. Biggs, Jo E.B. Halliday, Rudovick R. Kazwala, Venance P. Maro, Sarah Cleaveland, John A. Crump

    Background Leptospirosis is an important but neglected bacterial zoonosis that has been largely overlooked in Africa. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise and compare current knowledge of: (1) the geographic distribution, prevalence, incidence and diversity of acute human...

  13. A Mini Review of the Zoonotic Threat Potential of Influenza Viruses, Coronaviruses, Adenoviruses, and Enteroviruses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jane K Fieldhouse, Jessica Y Choi, Gregory C Gray

    During the last two decades, scientists have grown increasingly aware that viruses are emerging from the human–animal interface. In particular, respiratory infections are problematic; in early 2003, World Health Organization issued a worldwide alert for a previously unrecognized illness...

  14. The continual threat of influenza virus infections at the human–animal interface: What is new from a one health perspective?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jessica Y Choi, Jane K Fieldhouse, Laura Borkenhagen, Juliana Zemke, Dingmei Zhang, Gregory C Gray

    This year, in 2018, we mark 100 years since the 1918 influenza pandemic. In the last 100 years, we have expanded our knowledge of public health and increased our ability to detect and prevent influenza; however, we still face challenges resulting from these continually evolving viruses. Today,...

  15. Multisectoral prioritization of zoonotic diseases in Uganda, 2017: A One Health perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Musa Sekamatte, Vikram Krishnasamy, Lilian Bulage, Christine Kihembo, Noelina Nantima, Fred Monje, Deo Ndumu, Juliet Sentumbwe, Betty Mbolanyi, Robert Aruho, Winyi Kaboyo, David Mutonga, Colin Basler, Sarah Paige, Casey Barton Behravesh

    Background Zoonotic diseases continue to be a public health burden globally. Uganda is especially vulnerable due to its location, biodiversity, and population. Given these concerns, the Ugandan government in collaboration with the Global Health Security Agenda conducted a One Health Zoonotic...

  16. The missing piece in wildlife conservation | Deborah McCauley | TEDxIEMadrid

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah McCauley

    Most of us grew up without being conscious on how difficult is to sustain wildlife. There has been very sad chapters on our history when we weren’t able to acknowledge the importance of biodiversity and the implications of our activities on wild habitats. In her talk, Dr. Deborah McCauley...

  17. Prioritizing Zoonoses for Global Health Capacity Building—Themes from One Health Zoonotic Disease Workshops in 7 Countries, 2014–2016

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie J Salyer, Rachel Silver, Kerri Simone, Casey Barton Behravesh

    Zoonotic diseases represent critical threats to global health security. Effective mitigation of the impact of endemic and emerging zoonotic diseases of public health importance requires multisectoral collaboration and interdisciplinary partnerships. The US Centers for Disease Control and...

  18. Prioritizing zoonotic diseases in Ethiopia using a one health approach

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily G.Pieracci, Aron J.Hall, Radhika Gharpure, Abraham Haile, Elias Walelign, Asefa Deressa, Getahun Bahiru, Meron Kibebe, Henry Walke, Ermias Belay

    Background Ethiopia has the second largest human population in Africa and the largest livestock population on the continent. About 80% of Ethiopians are dependent on agriculture and have direct contact with livestock or other domestic animals. As a result, the country is vulnerable to the...

  19. Hendra Virus Vaccine, a One Health Approach to Protecting Horse, Human, and Environmental Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah Middleton, Jackie Pallister, Reuben Klein, Yan-Ru Feng, Jessica Haining, Rachel Arkinstall, Leah Frazer, Jin-An Huang, Nigel Edwards, Mark Wareing, Martin Elhay, Zia Hashmi, John Bingham, Manabu Yamada, Dayna Johnson, John White, Adam Foord, Hans G. Heine, Glenn A. Marsh, Christopher C. Broder, Lin-Fa Wang

    In recent years, the emergence of several highly pathogenic  zoonotic  diseases in humans has led to a renewed emphasis on the interconnectedness of human, animal, and environmental health, otherwise known as One Health. For example, Hendra virus...

  20. Investigation and Control of Anthrax Outbreak at the Human–Animal Interface, Bhutan, 2010

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nirmal K Thapa, Tenzin Tenzin, Karma Wangdi, Tshering Dorji, Migma Migma, Jambay Dorjee, Chung K Marston, Alex R Hoffmaster, Tenzin Migma

    In 2010, we investigated anthrax outbreak in Bhutan. A total of 43 domestic animals died, and cutaneous anthrax developed in 9 persons, and 1 died. All affected persons had contact with the carcasses of infected animals. Comprehensive preparedness and response guidelines are needed to increase...