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  1. Climate change and zoonoses: A review of the current status, knowledge gaps, and future trends

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ruwini Rupasinghe, Bruno B. Chomel, Beatriz Martínez-López

    Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs), especially those with zoonotic potential, are a growing threat to global health, economy, and safety. The influence of global warming and geoclimatic variations on zoonotic disease epidemiology is evident by alterations in the host, vector, and pathogen...

  2. Do Pets Keep People Healthy?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine Compitus

    "Zooeiya" describes the positive benefits of human-animal interactions.

  3. Cat scratch disease at the human-animal interface. Case report in the City of San Luis, ArgentinaEnfermedad por aranazo de gato en la interfaz humano-animal. Reporte de caso en la Ciudad de San Luis, Argentina

    | Contributor(s):: Santiago Lorenzatti, J., Nazarena de Salvo, M., Diaz Perez, P., Cicuttin, G. L., Samartino, L. E.

  4. Small animal zoonoses on the rise or under the radar

    | Contributor(s):: Wright, I.

  5. Phylogenetic Diversity of Animal Oral and Gastrointestinal Viromes Useful in Surveillance of Zoonoses

    | Contributor(s):: Esposito, A. M., Esposito, M. M., Ptashnik, A.

  6. Zoonoses transfer, factory farms and unsustainable human-animal relations

    | Contributor(s):: Marchese, A., Hovorka, A.

    Infectious diseases are rooted in unsustainable and unjust human-animal relationships. Zoonoses are facilitated by human proximity to animals, epidemiological risk embedded within factory farms, and exploitation of animals and humans in these intensive livestock production systems. The five major...

  7. Bat-borne viruses in Africa: a critical review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: W. Markotter, J. Coertse, L. De Vries, M. Geldenhuys, M. Mortlock

    In Africa, bat-borne zoonoses emerged in the past few decades resulting in large outbreaks or just sporadic spillovers. In addition, hundreds of more viruses are described without any information on zoonotic potential. We discuss important characteristics of bats including bat biology,...

  8. Difficulties experienced by veterinarians when communicating about emerging zoonotic risks with animal owners: the case of Hendra virus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Diana H Mendez, Petra Büttner, Jenny Kelly, Madeleine Nowak, Rick Speare

    Background Communication skills are essential for veterinarians who need to discuss animal health related matters with their clients. When dealing with an emerging zoonosis, such as Hendra virus (HeV), veterinarians also have a legal responsibility to inform their clients about the associated...

  9. One world, one health, one virology of the mysterious labyrinth of coronaviruses: the canine coronavirus affair

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Annamaria Pratelli, Alessio Buonavoglia, Gianvito Lanave, Maria Tempesta, Michele Camero, Vito Martella, Nicola Decaro

    Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) often have animal origins and then adapt to humans by jumping directly or via an intermediate host. The emergence of SARS-CoV in 2003, MERS-CoV in 2012, and SARS-CoV-2 in late-2019, confirms that coronaviruses can cause severe-to-fatal disease and that bats are...

  10. Impact of disease characteristics and knowledge on public risk perception of zoonoses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Spence, C. E., Jenkins, S. C., Osman, M.

    Zoonoses represent a global public health threat. Understanding lay perceptions of risk associated with these diseases can better inform proportionate policy interventions that mitigate their current and future impacts. While individual zoonoses (e.g. bovine spongiform encephalopathy) have...

  11. A standardized instrument quantifying risk factors associated with bi-directional transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and other zoonotic pathogens: The COVID-19 human-animal interactions survey (CHAIS)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gass, J. D., Jr., Waite, K. B., Hill, N. J., Dalton, K. R., Sawatzki, K., Runstadler, J. A., Davis, M. F.

    Similar to many zoonotic pathogens which transmit from animals to humans, SARS-CoV-2 (CoV-2), the virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, most likely originated in Rhinolophus bats before spreading among humans globally. Early into the pandemic, reports of CoV-2 diagnoses in animals from...

  12. Health Status of 'Community Cats' Living in the Tourist Area of the Old Town in Onomichi City, Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Seo, Aira, Ueda, Yoshihide, Tanida, Hajime

  13. Zoonotic nematodes of wild carnivores

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Domenico Otranto, Peter Deplazes

    For a long time, wildlife carnivores have been disregarded for their potential in transmitting zoonotic nematodes. However, human activities and politics (e.g., fragmentation of the environment, land use, recycling in urban settings) have consistently favoured the encroachment of urban areas...

  14. Zoonoses: a potential obstacle to the growing wildlife industry of Namibia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kudakwashe Magwedere, Maria Y. Hemberger, Louw C. Hoffman, Francis Dziva

    Zoonoses, which account for approximately 75% of emerging human infectious diseases worldwide, pose a re-emerging threat to public health. With an ever-increasing interrelationship between humans, livestock and wildlife species, the threat to human health will rise to unprecedented levels....

  15. The role of religion in One Health. Lessons from the Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus) and other human-non-human primate interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Vijayaraghavan, G., Tate, V., Gadre, V., Trivedy, C.

  16. Tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium orygis in wild ungulates in Chennai, South India

    | Contributor(s):: Refaya, A. K., Ramanujam, H., Ramalingam, M., Rao, G. V. S., Ravikumar, D., Sangamithrai, D., Shanmugam, S., Palaniyandi, K.

  17. Behavioral-biological surveillance of emerging infectious diseases among a dynamic cohort in Thailand

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yadana, S., Cheun-Arom, T., Li, H., Hagan, E., Mendelsohn, E., Latinne, A., Martinez, S., Putcharoen, O., Homvijitkul, J., Sathaporntheera, O., Rattanapreeda, N., Chartpituck, P., Yamsakul, S., Sutham, K., Komolsiri, S., Pornphatthananikhom, S., Petcharat, S., Ampoot, W., Francisco, L., Hemachudha, T., Daszak, P., Olival, K. J., Wacharapluesadee, S.

    BACKGROUND: Interactions between humans and animals are the key elements of zoonotic spillover leading to zoonotic disease emergence. Research to understand the high-risk behaviors associated with disease transmission at the human-animal interface is limited, and few consider regional and local...

  18. Pet Owners' Perceptions of COVID-19, Zoonotic Disease, and Veterinary Medicine: The Impact of Demographic Characteristics

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Lavender, T. M., Reinhard, C. L., Watson, B.

    This study aimed to investigate the impact of sociodemographic characteristics on pet owners' concern about the transmission of zoonotic disease and SARS-CoV-2, and to describe owners' perceptions of veterinarians and physicians as resources for zoonoses information. Between September and...

  19. Canine-Assisted Interventions and the Relevance of Welfare Assessments for Human Health, and Transmission of Zoonosis: A Literature Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meers, L. L., Contalbrigo, L., Samuels, W. E., Duarte-Gan, C., Berckmans, D., Laufer, S. J., Stevens, V. A., Walsh, E. A., Normando, S.

    CAIs (canine-assisted interventions) include "canine-assisted therapy" in which a therapist sets client-oriented goals, 'canine-assisted activities' with recreational goals for clients, and 'canine-assisted education/learning' in which teachers or coaches create learning...

  20. Race, Zoonoses and Animal Assisted Interventions in Pediatric Cancer

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cotoc, C., Notaro, S.

    Emerging evidence accumulates regarding the benefits of animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) in facilitating pediatric cancer treatment and alleviating symptomatology through positive changes in the patients' emotional, mental, and even physical status. A major concern expressed by...