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Tags: Zoonoses

Resources (1-20 of 415)

  1. Prioritizing Zoonoses for Global Health Capacity Building—Themes from One Health Zoonotic Disease Workshops in 7 Countries, 2014–2016

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie J Salyer, Rachel Silver, Kerri Simone, Casey Barton Behravesh

    Zoonotic diseases represent critical threats to global health security. Effective mitigation of the impact of endemic and emerging zoonotic diseases of public health importance requires multisectoral collaboration and interdisciplinary partnerships. The US Centers for Disease Control and...

  2. Prioritizing zoonotic diseases in Ethiopia using a one health approach

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily G.Pieracci, Aron J.Hall, Radhika Gharpure, Abraham Haile, Elias Walelign, Asefa Deressa, Getahun Bahiru, Meron Kibebe, Henry Walke, Ermias Belay

    Background Ethiopia has the second largest human population in Africa and the largest livestock population on the continent. About 80% of Ethiopians are dependent on agriculture and have direct contact with livestock or other domestic animals. As a result, the country is vulnerable to the...

  3. Hendra Virus Vaccine, a One Health Approach to Protecting Horse, Human, and Environmental Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah Middleton, Jackie Pallister, Reuben Klein, Yan-Ru Feng, Jessica Haining, Rachel Arkinstall, Leah Frazer, Jin-An Huang, Nigel Edwards, Mark Wareing, Martin Elhay, Zia Hashmi, John Bingham, Manabu Yamada, Dayna Johnson, John White, Adam Foord, Hans G. Heine, Glenn A. Marsh, Christopher C. Broder, Lin-Fa Wang

    In recent years, the emergence of several highly pathogenic  zoonotic  diseases in humans has led to a renewed emphasis on the interconnectedness of human, animal, and environmental health, otherwise known as One Health. For example, Hendra virus...

  4. Investigation and Control of Anthrax Outbreak at the Human–Animal Interface, Bhutan, 2010

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nirmal K Thapa, Tenzin Tenzin, Karma Wangdi, Tshering Dorji, Migma Migma, Jambay Dorjee, Chung K Marston, Alex R Hoffmaster, Tenzin Migma

    In 2010, we investigated anthrax outbreak in Bhutan. A total of 43 domestic animals died, and cutaneous anthrax developed in 9 persons, and 1 died. All affected persons had contact with the carcasses of infected animals. Comprehensive preparedness and response guidelines are needed to increase...

  5. Integrated Human-Animal Disease Surveillance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Whitney A Mauer, John B Kaneene

  6. Can you catch Ebola from a stork bite? Inductive reasoning influences generalization of perceived zoonosis risk

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tyler Davis, Micah B. Goldwater, Molly E. Ireland, Nicholas Gaylord, Jason Van Allen

    Emerging zoonoses are a prominent global health threat. Human beliefs are central to drivers of emerging zoonoses, yet little is known about how people make inferences about risk in such scenarios. We present an inductive account of zoonosis risk perception, suggesting that beliefs about the...

  7. Role of Food Insecurity in Outbreak of Anthrax Infections among Humans and Hippopotamuses Living in a Game Reserve Area, Rural Zambia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mark W. Lehman, Allen Craig, Constantine Malama, Muzala Kapina-Kany’anga, Philip Malenga, Fanny Munsaka, Sergio Muwowo, Sean Shadomy, Melissa A. Marx

    In September 2011, a total of 511 human cases of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) infection and 5 deaths were reported in a game management area in the district of Chama, Zambia, near where 85 hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus amphibious) had recently died of suspected anthrax. The human infections...

  8. The Presence of Toxocara Eggs on Dog's Fur as Potential Zoonotic Risk in Animal-Assisted Interventions: A Systematic Review

    | Contributor(s):: Maurelli, M. P., Santaniello, A., Fioretti, A., Cringoli, G., Rinaldi, L., Menna, L. F.

  9. Evaluation of Risk of Zoonotic Pathogen Transmission in a University-Based Animal Assisted Intervention (AAI) Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Boyle, S. F., Corrigan, V. K., Buechner-Maxwell, V., Pierce, B. J.

  10. Ecological and Epidemiological Findings Associated with Zoonotic Rabies Outbreaks and Control in Moshi, Tanzania, 2017-2018

    | Contributor(s):: Mtui-Malamsha, N., Sallu, R., Mahiti, G. R., Mohamed, H., OleNeselle, M., Rubegwa, B., Swai, E. S., Makungu, S., Otieno, E. G., Lupindu, A. M., Komba, E., Mdegela, R., Assenga, J. A., Bernard, J., Marandu, W., Warioba, J., Makondo, Z., Chang'a, J., Mramba, F., Nonga, H., Killewo, J., Kafeero, F., Makonnen, Y. J., Rivas, A. L., Fasina, F. O.

  11. Views from many worlds: unsettling categories in interdisciplinary research on endemic zoonotic diseases

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hayley MacGregor, Linda Waldman

    Interdisciplinary research on zoonotic disease has tended to focus on ‘risk’ of disease transmission as a conceptual common denominator. With reference to endemic zoonoses at the livestock–human interface, we argue for considering a broader sweep of disciplinary insights from...

  12. Implementing a One Health approach to emerging infectious disease: reflections on the socio-political, ethical and legal dimensions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Ian Kerridge, Andrew Wilson, Michael Ward, Cameron Stewart, Gwendolyn Gilbert

    Background: ‘One Health’ represents a call for health researchers and practitioners at the human, animal and environmental interfaces to work together to mitigate the risks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). A One Health approach emphasizing inter-disciplinary...

  13. Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel

    Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...

  14. Establishing a One Health office in Kenya

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Murithi Mbabu, Ian Njeru, Sarah File, Eric Osoro, Stella Kiambi, Austine Bitek, Peter Ithondeka, Salome Kairu-Wanyoike, Shanaaz Sharif, Eric Gogstad, Francis Gakuya, Kaitlin Sandhaus, Peninah Munyua, Joel Montgomery, Robert Breiman, Carol Rubin, Kariuki Njenga

    A  One  Health  (OH)  approach  that  integrates human,animal  and  environmental  approaches  to  management  of  zoonotic  diseases  has  gained momentum in the last decadeas part of a strategy to prevent and...

  15. Transmission dynamics of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in humans and swine in backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yeny O. Tinoco, Joel M. Montgomery, Mathew R. Kasper, Martha I. Nelson, Hugo Razuri, Maria C. Guezala, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Marc-Alain Widdowson, John Barnes, Robert H. Gilman, Daniel G Bausch, Armando E. Gonzalez

    Objectives We aimed to determine the frequency of pH1N1 transmission between humans and swine on backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru. Design Two‐year serial cross‐sectional study comprising four sampling periods: March 2009 (pre‐pandemic), October 2009 (peak of the pandemic in Peru), April...

  16. Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: William B. Karesh, Andy Dobson, James O. Lloyd-Smith, Juan Lubroth, Matthew A. Dixon, Malcolm Bennett, Stephen Aldrich, Todd Harrington, Pierre Formenty, Elizabeth H. Loh, Catherine C. Machalaba, Mathew Jason Thomas, David L. Heymann

    More than 60% of human infectious diseases are caused by pathogens shared with wild or domestic animals. Zoonotic disease organisms include those that are endemic in human populations or enzootic in animal populations with frequent cross-species transmission to people. Some of these diseases...

  17. One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseases

    | Contributor(s):: Michael J Day

    The international prominence accorded the 'One Health' concept of co-ordinated activity of those involved in human and animal health is a modern incarnation of a long tradition of comparative medicine, with roots in the ancient civilizations and a golden era during the 19th century...

  18. Ethnobiology in One Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marsha B Quinlan, Robert J Quinlan

    The new One Health concept is, essentially, the ethnobiology of health, addressing the interrelation of human, animal and environmental health. Incited by 2003 outbreaks of animal-borne SARS and avian influenza, One Health’s multidisciplinary perspective complements growing international...

  19. Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley

    In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...

  20. Zoonotic diagrams: mastering and unsettling human-animal relations

    | Contributor(s):: Lynteris, Christos