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  1. Evaluation of Risk of Zoonotic Pathogen Transmission in a University-Based Animal Assisted Intervention (AAI) Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Boyle, S. F., Corrigan, V. K., Buechner-Maxwell, V., Pierce, B. J.

  2. Ecological and Epidemiological Findings Associated with Zoonotic Rabies Outbreaks and Control in Moshi, Tanzania, 2017-2018

    | Contributor(s):: Mtui-Malamsha, N., Sallu, R., Mahiti, G. R., Mohamed, H., OleNeselle, M., Rubegwa, B., Swai, E. S., Makungu, S., Otieno, E. G., Lupindu, A. M., Komba, E., Mdegela, R., Assenga, J. A., Bernard, J., Marandu, W., Warioba, J., Makondo, Z., Chang'a, J., Mramba, F., Nonga, H., Killewo, J., Kafeero, F., Makonnen, Y. J., Rivas, A. L., Fasina, F. O.

  3. Views from many worlds: unsettling categories in interdisciplinary research on endemic zoonotic diseases

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hayley MacGregor, Linda Waldman

    Interdisciplinary research on zoonotic disease has tended to focus on ‘risk’ of disease transmission as a conceptual common denominator. With reference to endemic zoonoses at the livestock–human interface, we argue for considering a broader sweep of disciplinary insights from...

  4. Implementing a One Health approach to emerging infectious disease: reflections on the socio-political, ethical and legal dimensions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Ian Kerridge, Andrew Wilson, Michael Ward, Cameron Stewart, Gwendolyn Gilbert

    Background: ‘One Health’ represents a call for health researchers and practitioners at the human, animal and environmental interfaces to work together to mitigate the risks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). A One Health approach emphasizing inter-disciplinary...

  5. Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel

    Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...

  6. Establishing a One Health office in Kenya

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Murithi Mbabu, Ian Njeru, Sarah File, Eric Osoro, Stella Kiambi, Austine Bitek, Peter Ithondeka, Salome Kairu-Wanyoike, Shanaaz Sharif, Eric Gogstad, Francis Gakuya, Kaitlin Sandhaus, Peninah Munyua, Joel Montgomery, Robert Breiman, Carol Rubin, Kariuki Njenga

    A  One  Health  (OH)  approach  that  integrates human,animal  and  environmental  approaches  to  management  of  zoonotic  diseases  has  gained momentum in the last decadeas part of a strategy to prevent and...

  7. Transmission dynamics of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in humans and swine in backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yeny O. Tinoco, Joel M. Montgomery, Mathew R. Kasper, Martha I. Nelson, Hugo Razuri, Maria C. Guezala, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Marc-Alain Widdowson, John Barnes, Robert H. Gilman, Daniel G Bausch, Armando E. Gonzalez

    Objectives We aimed to determine the frequency of pH1N1 transmission between humans and swine on backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru. Design Two‐year serial cross‐sectional study comprising four sampling periods: March 2009 (pre‐pandemic), October 2009 (peak of the pandemic in Peru), April...

  8. Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: William B. Karesh, Andy Dobson, James O. Lloyd-Smith, Juan Lubroth, Matthew A. Dixon, Malcolm Bennett, Stephen Aldrich, Todd Harrington, Pierre Formenty, Elizabeth H. Loh, Catherine C. Machalaba, Mathew Jason Thomas, David L. Heymann

    More than 60% of human infectious diseases are caused by pathogens shared with wild or domestic animals. Zoonotic disease organisms include those that are endemic in human populations or enzootic in animal populations with frequent cross-species transmission to people. Some of these diseases...

  9. One health: the importance of companion animal vector-borne diseases

    | Contributor(s):: Michael J Day

    The international prominence accorded the 'One Health' concept of co-ordinated activity of those involved in human and animal health is a modern incarnation of a long tradition of comparative medicine, with roots in the ancient civilizations and a golden era during the 19th century...

  10. An Evaluation of the Oral Microbiome and Potential Zoonoses of Two Ubiquitous South African Strepsirrhines, Otolemur crassicaudatus and Galago moholi.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael John Strinden

    As Otolemur crassicaudatus and Galago moholi are ubiquitous throughout part of South Africa they are thought to be at little conservation risk. However, this has resulted in a situation where these species are seldom studied. This thesis addresses this lack of knowledge...

  11. Ethnobiology in One Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marsha B Quinlan, Robert J Quinlan

    The new One Health concept is, essentially, the ethnobiology of health, addressing the interrelation of human, animal and environmental health. Incited by 2003 outbreaks of animal-borne SARS and avian influenza, One Health’s multidisciplinary perspective complements growing international...

  12. Recent animal disease outbreaks and their impact on human populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jeff B Bender, William Hueston, Michael Osterholm

    There are very positive and strong connections between animals and humans, but also reasons for concern because about 61% of all human pathogens are zoonotic. The increase in new diseases, is due to increases in world trade, animal translocation, ecological disruptions, climate change,...

  13. The Biocultural Landscape of Zoonotic Disease: Examining Human-Animal Vulnerability to Anthrax on the Colombian-Venezuelan Border

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer A. Ida

    The focus of this thesis is to provide a holistic understanding of the political, cultural, environmental, and biological factors that may be contributing to increased vulnerability to anthrax in Wayuu and non-Wayuu human and livestock communities in La Guajira, Colombia. Qualitative data...

  14. The Biocultural Landscape of Zoonotic Disease: Examining Human-Animal Vulnerability to Anthrax on the Colombian-Venezuelan Border

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Ashley Ida

    The focus of this thesis is to provide a holistic understanding of the political, cultural, environmental, and biological factors that may be contributing to increased vulnerability to anthrax in Wayuu and non-Wayuu human and livestock communities in La Guajira, Colombia. Qualitative data...

  15. Pets, Purity and Pollution: Why Conventional Models of Disease Transmission Do Not Work for Pet Rat Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Robin, Elizabeth Perkins, Francine Watkins, Robert Christley

    In the United Kingdom, following the emergence of Seoul hantavirus in pet rat owners in 2012, public health authorities tried to communicate the risk of this zoonotic disease, but had limited success. To explore this lack of engagement with health advice, we conducted in-depth, semi-structured...

  16. Zoonotic diagrams: mastering and unsettling human-animal relations

    | Contributor(s):: Lynteris, Christos

  17. Hepatitis E Virus Serosurvey among Pet Dogs and Cats in Several Developed Cities in China

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Huanbin Liang, Jidang Chen, Jiexiong Xie, Long Sun, Fanxiao Ji, Shuyi He, Yun Zheng, Chumin Liang, Guihong Zhang, Shuo Su, Shoujun Li

    Infection by Hepatitis E virus (HEV), as a zoonotic disease virus, is well studied in pigs in China, but few studies in pets have been performed. This study was designed to characterize the prevalence of HEV infection among pet dogs and cats in major metropolitan areas of China. We conducted a...

  18. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Campylobacter spp. Prevalence and Concentration in Household Pets and Petting Zoo Animals for Use in Exposure Assessments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katarina D. M. Pintar, Tanya Christidis, M. Kate Thomas, Maureen Anderson, Andrea Nesbitt, Jessica Keithlin, Barbara Marshall, Frank Pollari

    Animal contact is a potential transmission route for campylobacteriosis, and both domestic household pet and petting zoo exposures have been identified as potential sources of exposure. Research has typically focussed on the prevalence, concentration, and transmission of zoonoses from farm...

  19. Editorial: Veterinary Bacterial Zoonoses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jiabo Ding, Menachem Banai, Shenqing Yu, Xin Ting

  20. Zoonotic Diseases and Phytochemical Medicines for Microbial Infections in Veterinary Science: Current State and Future Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bora Shin, Woojun Park

    Diseases caused by bacterial infections in small-scale and industrial livestock are becoming serious global health concern in veterinary science. Zoonotic bacteria, including Staphylococcus, Campylobacter, and Bartonella species, that infect animals and humans cause various...