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  1. "It's All Happening at the Zoo:" Plural Visions of Landscape, Animals, and Humans in the Early Days of the Bronx Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Rebecca Lauren Merten

    This thesis examines the Bronx Zoo from the creation of the New York Zoological Society through the year of 1906, seven years after the zoo opened. This zoo, like other parks and zoos of the time, was born out of larger movements that placed importance on civic public amenities and valued certain...

  2. A comparative approach to the study of Keeper-Animal Relationships in the zoo. (Special Issue: Zoo animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K.

    Research on intensively farmed animals over the past 25 years has shown that human-animal interactions, by affecting the animal's fear of humans, can markedly limit the productivity and welfare of farm animals. This article begins to explore some of the factors that need to be considered to...

  3. A comparative study of the influence of social housing conditions on the behaviour of captive tigers ( Panthera tigris )

    Contributor(s):: Rouck, M. de, Kitchener, A. C., Law, G., Nelissen, M.

    Nowadays, zoos are increasingly concerned with animal welfare as public expectations and knowledge of the needs of captive animals increases. Although many zoos try to provide all sorts of enrichment for their big cats, the importance of social enrichment is not yet fully understood. This study...

  4. A note on the influence of visitors on the behaviour and welfare of zoo-housed gorillas

    Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L.

    Visitors to zoos can be a source of potential stress to some captive-housed primates. To date, the effect of the human audience on the welfare of captive gorillas has been overlooked. This study thus examined the behaviour of six zoo-housed gorillas during periods of both high and low visitor...

  5. A note on the relationships between visitor interest and characteristics of the mammal exhibits in Recife Zoo, Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Silva, M. A. M. da, Silva, J. M. C. da

    There are few quantitative studies on visitor's behaviour towards animal exhibits in zoos. We evaluated the popularity of mammal exhibits of a small tropical zoo at Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, and correlated it with some characteristics of the exhibits (number of individuals within the exhibit,...

  6. A Perspective on Zoos: Andreas Kaufmann at TEDxVilnius

    Contributor(s):: Andreas Kaufmann

    Andreas has loved animals and nature since his early childhood, which he spent near the lowland forests, surrounded by farm animals and pets.But the zoos… he did not like them. So what turned him into taking a job… at a zoo?Andreas has been actively involved with wild animals,...

  7. A preliminary assessment of how zoo visitors evaluate animal welfare according to enclosure style and the expression of behavior

    Contributor(s):: Melfi, V. A., McCormick, W., Gibbs, A.

    Visitors to zoos make judgements about animal welfare on the basis of what they see during their visit. There has been a considerable amount of research and debate surrounding the use of enclosure style and/or animal behavior to act as indicators of animal welfare. There are assumptions,...

  8. A preliminary model of human-animal relationships in the zoo

    Contributor(s):: Hosey, G.

    The concept of the human-animal relationship (HAR) is widely used in farm animal research to describe the outcome of the different qualities and quantities of interaction between stockpersons and the animals in their care. Thus, negative, positive or neutral HARs may result from the effect of...

  9. A preliminary model of human–animal relationships in the zoo

    | Contributor(s):: Hosey G

    The concept of the human–animal relationship (HAR) is widely used in farm animal research to describe the outcome of the different qualities and quantities of interaction between stockpersons and the animals in their care. Thus, negative, positive or neutral HARs may result from the effect of...

  10. A scoring system to evaluate physical condition and quality of life in geriatric zoo mammals

    | Contributor(s):: Follmi, J., Steiger, A., Walzer, C., Robert, N., Geissbuhler, U., Doherr, M. G., Wenker, C.

    The decision to perform euthanasia in geriatric zoo mammals is usually a highly complex procedure involving ethical, medical, emotional and sometimes political factors. However, subsequent necropsies show that the pathological changes of organs and/or the musculoskeletal system are often already...

  11. A survey of abnormal repetitive behaviors in North American river otters housed in zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Morabito, P., Bashaw, M. J.

    Stereotypic behaviors, indicating poor welfare and studied in a variety of species (especially carnivores), appear related to characteristics of current and past environments. Although North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) often develop abnormal, repetitive, possibly stereotypic...

  12. A survey of elephant husbandry and foot health in North American zoos. (Special Issue: The care and welfare of elephants in AZA institutions.)

    | Contributor(s):: Lewis, K. D., Shepherdson, D. J., Owens, T. M., Keele, M.

    The foot health of elephants in human care is a longstanding concern. In 2001, the AZA Standards for Elephant Management and Care were published recommending husbandry to improve foot health. This article reports the results of a 2006 survey: basic statistics describing facility, husbandry, and...

  13. An hourly variation in zoo visitor interest: measurement and significance for animal welfare research

    | Contributor(s):: Davey, G.

    A methodological difficulty facing welfare research on nonhuman animals in the zoo is the large number of uncontrolled variables due to variation within and between study sites. Zoo visitors act as uncontrolled variables, with number, density, size, and behaviour constantly changing. This is...

  14. Animais solidários: a zooterapia como extensão universitária para idosos institucionalizados

    | Contributor(s):: Gisele Dela Ricci, Carina Torelli, Maria de Fatima Martins, Thiago William de Almeida

    This study aimed to introduce different animals into Vicente de Paulo Asylum quotidian, in Pirassununga city, State of São Paulo, through the lonely animals’ project of veterinary medicine and husbandry faculty of São Paulo State University, researching identify the best way...

  15. Animal ethics: the capabilities approach. (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    | Contributor(s):: Tulloch, G.

    This paper argues that beliefs about human nature are central for animal ethics as beliefs about animal nature ground human treatment of animals. It shows that what constitutes animal nature is a contested question, and that animals have long been considered inferior to humans in Western thought....

  16. Animal Profile: Animals Depend on People Too

  17. Animal welfare and ethics evaluations in South East Asian zoos: procedures and prospects

    | Contributor(s):: Agoramoorthy, G.

    The rise in public interest in animal rights and welfare during the last two decades has been dramatic and concern for zoo animals is evident throughout society in many South East Asian countries. It is essential that problems related to animal welfare are understood in order for zoos to make...

  18. Animal Welfare and the Future of Zoos: Ron Kagan at TEDxOaklandUniversity

    | Contributor(s):: Ron Kagan

    Detroit Zoological Society Executive Director Ron Kagan will share a view of the future that includes a different relationship between human and non-human animals. Zoos will demonstrate a fundamental commitment to being "patient-centered” – ensuring a great quality of life for...

  19. Animal-visitor interactions in the modern zoo: conflicts and interventions

    | Contributor(s):: Fernandez, E. J., Tamborski, M. A., Pickens, S. R., Timberlake, W.

    Animal welfare, education, conservation, research, and entertainment are major goals of modern zoos, but they can be in conflict. For example, visitors enjoy learning about and observing natural behavior in captive animals, but visitors often want to observe and interact with the animals in close...

  20. Applying visitor preference criteria to choose pro-wildlife behaviors to ask of zoo visitors

    | Contributor(s):: Liam Smith, Betty Weiler, Amy Smith, Pieter van Dijk

    Many zoos now emphasize that their role in conservation includes influencing the behavior of their visitors for the benefit of wild animals. However, there is limited evidence of behavioral change to support this emphasis; one reason may be that requested behaviors are not viewed favorably by zoo...