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  1. It's All Happening at the Zoo: Children's Environmental Learning after School

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jason A. Douglas, Cindi Katz

    Pairing dynamic out-of-school-time (OST) programs with zoos can encourage young people's relationships with and sense of responsibility for animals and the environment. The project presented in this article, Animal Rescuers, gave the authors the opportunity to examine how such a pairing can...

  2. Whither Zoos? An Inescapable Question

    | Contributor(s):: Shapiro, Kenneth

    As a founding coeditor of the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science and a member of the International Advisory Committee of the Center for Zoo Animal Welfare and Ethics (CZAWE), I welcome this opportunity to publish for the third time (see earlier issues Volume 16, Number 4 [2013] and Volume...

  3. Where Are Zoos Going—or Are They Gone?

    | Contributor(s):: Safina, Carl

    To some, zoos are prisons exploiting animals. In reality zoos range from bad to better. I make this distinction: A bad zoo makes animals work for it; a good zoo works for animals. Good zoos do effective conservation work and continually strive to improve exhibits, relevance to conservation, and...

  4. Self-Rehabilitation of a Captive American Crow at Binghamton Zoo

    | Contributor(s):: Davie, Clara, Clark, Anne B.

    The behavioral transition from an entirely unflighted-to-flighted, female yearling American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) in captivity in a specially designed exhibit was documented at the Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park in Binghamton, NY. Upon arrival, the focal crow had no complete primary feathers...

  5. Reproduction and monogamy in captive flock of greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus Roseus)

    | Contributor(s):: Sandri, Camillo, Sammarini, Carolina, Regaiolli, Barbara, Spiezio, Caterina, Piccirillo, Alessandra

    Due to the great number of greater flamingos in captivity and their long life span, studying their behavior and welfare might be useful to improve the husbandry and breeding of this species in zoos. This study aimed to investigate factors affecting the breeding activity of captive greater...

  6. A Postzoo Future: Why Welfare Fails Animals in Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Pierce, Jessica, Bekoff, Marc

    Discussions on the welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos tend to focus on incremental improvements without addressing the underlying problem of captivity. But alterations to the conditions of zoo captivity are irrelevant for animals. Real zoo reform will involve working to completely change the...

  7. My Reflections on Understanding Animal Emotions for Improving the Life of Animals in Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Grandin, Temple

    Scientists are often reluctant to attribute emotions to nonhuman animals that are similar to human emotions. When the author published her early studies, reviewers prohibited the word fear. Fearful behavior had to be described as agitated. The core emotional systems described by Panksepp may...

  8. Evaluation of Enrichment for Reptiles in Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Eagan, Taylor

    Studies on environmental enrichment for reptiles are lacking in the scientific literature. Although the literature reflects a limited take on reptile enrichment in the zoological community, it may not be the case in reality as enrichment is generally considered an important aspect of the care of...

  9. Complexities of Using Wild versus Captive Activity Budget Comparisons for Assessing Captive Primate Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Howell, Christian P., Cheyne, Susan M.

    Activity budget comparisons between groups or individuals in the wild and those in captivity are commonly used to determine the range of wild-type behaviors that nonhuman animals in captivity perform. These comparisons are conducted with the view that individuals displaying a greater range of...

  10. Challenges of Compassionate Conservation

    | Contributor(s):: Gray, Jenny

    The substantial and urgent threats to the prosperity of individual nonhuman animals and the survival of species necessitate a changed approach to conservation. The current practice of seeing conservation and animal welfare as contradictory goals is not helpful. It is proposed that the approach...

  11. Visitor Perceptions of Nature Conservation at Helsinki Zoo

    | Contributor(s):: Ojalammi, Sanna, Nygren, Nina V.

    These days zoos often claim that their main objective is the promotion of nature conservation and that they strive to educate their visitors about animals and nature conservation. But how do zoo visitors themselves perceive this emphasis on conservation education? In order to determine how...

  12. Measuring the Strength of Human–Animal Bonds in Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Hosey, Geoff, Birke, Lynda, Shaw, Wendy S., Melfi, Vicky

    Repeated interactions within individual human and animal dyads can lead to the establishment of human–animal relationships (HARs), which may vary in quality from good to bad, defined in terms of the positivity (e.g., friendly contact, play) or negativity (e.g., aggression) of the interactions on...

  13. Children’s Opinions about Zoos: A Study of Portuguese and Spanish Pupils

    | Contributor(s):: Almeida, António, Fernández, Beatriz García, Strecht-Ribeiro, Orlando

    In this study, we analyzed the opinions of primary-school children from Portugal and Spain about zoos. The sample consisted of 560 pupils, mean age 11.38 years and in the 6th grade of schooling. For the purpose of this study, a two-part questionnaire was designed. In the first part, children were...

  14. Public Attitudes in India and Australia toward Elephants in Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Gurusamy, Vivek, Tribe, Andrew, Toukhsati, Samia, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    We surveyed the attitudes of people toward captive elephants in australia, where importation into zoos has been controversial recently, compared with India, where elephants are indigenous. Both australian (AR, n = 101) and Indian (IR, n = 101) respondents rated conservation as the most important...

  15. Training is enrichment—And beyond

    | Contributor(s):: Westlund, Karolina

    With regards to the issue of animal training in the zoo community, there is some debate as to whether or not it should be considered a type of environmental enrichment (EE). This article suggests four criteria by which an intervention may be considered enrichment. The putative enrichment should...

  16. Personality assessment in African elephants (Loxodonta africana): Comparing the temporal stability of ethological coding versus trait rating

    | Contributor(s):: Horback, Kristina M., Miller, Lance J., Kuczaj, Stan A.

    The consistency of personality assessment was addressed in this study of 12 zoological African elephants living at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA during the 2010 and 2011 summer seasons. Using 480h of observational behavior data, three personality traits were determined based...

  17. Behavioral correlates and welfare implications of informal interactions between caretakers and zoo-housed chimpanzees and gorillas

    | Contributor(s):: Chelluri, Gita I., Ross, Stephen R., Wagner, Katherine E.

    In captive animal facilities, human staff members are a relevant part of the animals’ social environment in addition to providing care and managing the social group. Structured, predictable interactions and relaxed, spontaneous contacts may all affect the animals’ behavior and well-being, both...

  18. Association between taxonomic relatedness and interspecific mortality in captive ungulates

    | Contributor(s):: Hanzlíková, Veronika, Pluháček, Jan, Čulík, Luděk

    Interspecific aggressive interactions are known among a variety of animals including ungulates. Nevertheless, most studies on interspecific interactions in ungulates involve case reports without testing any specific hypotheses. We tested two mutually exclusive hypotheses; that mortality rate in...

  19. Using personality ratings and cortisol to characterize individual differences in African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)

    | Contributor(s):: Grand, Alison P., Kuhar, Christopher W., Leighty, Katherine A., Bettinger, Tamara L., Laudenslager, Mark L.

    The development of indices to assist in the management of captive animals and assess their well-being is a key priority for those responsible for providing care to animals in captivity, including the zoological community. In particular, the design of indices for use with some of the more...

  20. Role of vocalisations and social housing in breeding in captive howler monkeys (Alouatta caraya)

    | Contributor(s):: Farmer, Holly L., Plowman, Amy B., Leaver, Lisa A.

    Over the last 12 years the European captive population of black and gold howler monkeys, Alouatta caraya, has increased at a slow rate and many groups have not produced offspring. This study aims to determine the influence of social organisation of captive groups and both performing and hearing...