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  1. Visitor circulation and nonhuman animal welfare: an overlooked variable?

    Contributor(s):: Davey, G., Henzi, P.

    This article investigates visitor circulation and behaviors within a gallery of primate exhibits in relation to their possible implications for nonhuman animal welfare. When entering a primate house, the majority of visitors (84%) turned right, a pattern upheld throughout all times of the day....

  2. Influence of zoo visitor presence on the behavior of captive Indian gaur ( Bos gaurus gaurus ) in a Zoological Park

    Contributor(s):: Mahadevan, Sekar, Thangavel, Rajagopal, Govindaraju, Archunan

    Visitors to zoos can be a source of potential disturbance and stress to some captive, nonhuman animals in the wild. To determine the influence of visitor presence on captive bison (Bos gaurus gaurus), the study analysed the behaviour of 4 individuals at the Arignar Anna Zoological Park, India....

  3. Effect of enclosure quality on reactivity and welfare of captive Soemmerring's gazelle ( Gazella soemmerringii )

    Contributor(s):: Mansour, A. A. H., Zakaria, A. H., Fraser, A. F.

    The welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos is a great challenge to the zookeeper. Changes in the behavioral response of captive animals to their immediate environment can be used as a method for evaluating their welfare status. This study evaluates reactive responses of 3 groups of captive...

  4. Toward a science of welfare for animals in the zoo

    Contributor(s):: Maple, T. L.

    Although the accredited institutions of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums have all committed to enhancing the welfare of nonhuman animals, acceptable standards and best practices are still under debate. Currently, experts from zoos and the field hold widely divergent opinions about exhibition...

  5. The sizes of elephant groups in zoos: implications for elephant welfare

    Contributor(s):: Rees, P. A.

    This study examined the distribution of 495 Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) and 336 African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in 194 zoos, most of which were located in Europe (49.1

  6. Novel environmental enrichment may provide a tool for rapid assessment of animal personality: a case study with giant pandas ( Ailuropoda melanoleuca )

    Contributor(s):: Powell, D. M., Svoke, J. T.

    Historically, the assessment of nonhuman animal personality has included a variety of methods - from direct behavioural observations in a variety of test situations to assessments provided by animal caretakers or trainers. Careful observation of how animals in zoos interact with novel enrichment...

  7. Introducing a semi-naturalistic exhibit as structural enrichment for two brown bears ( Ursus arctos ). Does this ensure their captive well-being?

    Contributor(s):: Soriano, A. I., Ensenyat, C., Serrat, S., Mate, C.

    In this study we used the daily activity pattern and use of space as indicators of change in the program of structural enrichment, implemented with 2 subjects of the species Ursus arctos in the Barcelona Zoo. We collected 930 sampling points in each study phase for each of the individuals: The...

  8. Behavioral management at the Phoenix Zoo: new strategies and perspectives

    Contributor(s):: Tresz, H.

    It all started with a seemingly simple decision to re-evaluate and document the Phoenix Zoo's behavioral management protocol. The purpose of this project was to present proactive standards for the care and psychological well-being of our living collection, while meeting or exceeding the...

  9. Is There a Future for Zoos?

    Contributor(s):: Weisberg, Lisa B.

    Focuses on the conference regarding the future for wildlife in zoos. Role of zoos in providing animal relationship with nature; Legal obligations of society towards animals in zoos; Debates on the ethical responsibility of zoos toward individual animals.

  10. Lion, ungulate, and visitor reactions to playbacks of lion roars at Zoo Atlanta

    Contributor(s):: Kelling, A. S., Allard, S. M., Kelling, N. J., Sandhaus, E. A., Maple, T. L.

    Felids in captivity are often inactive and elusive in zoos, leading to a frustrating visitor experience. Eight roars were recorded from an adult male lion and played back over speakers as auditory enrichment to benefit the lions while simultaneously enhancing the zoo visitor experience. In...

  11. A survey of abnormal repetitive behaviors in North American river otters housed in zoos

    Contributor(s):: Morabito, P., Bashaw, M. J.

    Stereotypic behaviors, indicating poor welfare and studied in a variety of species (especially carnivores), appear related to characteristics of current and past environments. Although North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) often develop abnormal, repetitive, possibly stereotypic...

  12. Project ChimpCARE: Evaluating the care, management, and welfare of privately owned chimpanzees in the United States

    Contributor(s):: Ross, Stephen R., Vreeman, Vivian M.

    In the United States, chimpanzees are one of the only exotic nonhuman animal species found in accredited zoological parks, roadside attractions, and sanctuaries and used as companion animals and performers for television, movies, and advertisements. A lack of any federal legislation and...

  13. Reaching new heights: the effect of an environmentally enhanced outdoor enclosure on Gibbons in a zoo setting

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, M. R.

    Gibbons have adapted to live in the canopy layer of the rainforest. Gibbons in the wild predominantly spend their time high in the trees resting, traveling, and foraging for food. Comparatively, gibbons in the zoo often rest and search for their food terrestrially. The purpose of this study was...

  14. Perception of Scary Halloween Masks by Zoo Animals and Humans

    Contributor(s):: Joan M. Sinnott, H. Anton Speaker, Laura A. Powell, Kelly W. Mosteller

  15. Naturalistic exhibits may be more effective than traditional exhibits at improving zoo-visitor attitudes toward African apes

    Contributor(s):: Lukas, K. E., Ross, S. R.

    Zoos play a unique role in wildlife conservation, particularly in the area of conservation education. Because of their popularity and flagship status for broader conservation issues, great apes may prove to be one of the most important educational conduits in zoos. In 2002, we surveyed knowledge...

  16. Influence of enclosure size on the distances covered and paced by captive tigers ( Panthera tigris)

    Contributor(s):: Breton, G., Barrot, S.

    In the wild, tigers live in large individual territories ranging from 7 to 1000 km 2 depending on the region and prey abundance. However, in captivity, the animal's environment is strongly reduced, and the size of the enclosure provided varies between zoos. It has been shown that animals...

  17. [Sea mammals have an enormous impact on people]

    Contributor(s):: Geerligs, S.

  18. Ian Jared Miller. The Nature of the Beasts: Empire and Exhibition at the Tokyo Imperial Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Donahue, Jesse

  19. Dublin Zoo: an illustrated history, by C. De Courcy [Book Review]

    Contributor(s):: Adelman, Juliana

  20. Ming the forgotten celebrity: a giant panda skull at the Royal College of Surgeons of England

    Contributor(s):: Hussey, Kristin D.